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白桦半同胞子代多点生长性状测定及优良家系选择

刘宇 徐焕文 张广波 王有菊 滕文华 姜静

刘宇, 徐焕文, 张广波, 王有菊, 滕文华, 姜静. 白桦半同胞子代多点生长性状测定及优良家系选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(3): 7-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160154
引用本文: 刘宇, 徐焕文, 张广波, 王有菊, 滕文华, 姜静. 白桦半同胞子代多点生长性状测定及优良家系选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(3): 7-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160154
LIU Yu, XU Huan-wen, ZHANG Guang-bo, WANG You-ju, TENG Wen-hua, JIANG Jing. Multipoint growth trait test of half-sibling offspring and excellent family selection of Betula platyphylla[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(3): 7-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160154
Citation: LIU Yu, XU Huan-wen, ZHANG Guang-bo, WANG You-ju, TENG Wen-hua, JIANG Jing. Multipoint growth trait test of half-sibling offspring and excellent family selection of Betula platyphylla[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(3): 7-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160154

白桦半同胞子代多点生长性状测定及优良家系选择

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160154
基金项目: 

珍贵用材树种新品种选育技术研究 2012BAD01B05

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘宇。主要研究方向:林木遗传育种。Email: nefuly@126.com  地址:150040  黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    姜静,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:林木遗传育种。Email: jiangjing1960@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S722.8+3

Multipoint growth trait test of half-sibling offspring and excellent family selection of Betula platyphylla

  • 摘要: 针对白桦种子园半同胞家系开展多点造林试验,不仅能够选择出性状优良的家系,而且也能加快种子园的改良进程。本文以白桦初级种子园中53个半同胞家系为对象,分别在朗乡、帽儿山、吉林等3个试验点营造试验林,对12年生试验林各家系的树高、胸径和单株材积等性状进行多地点联合分析。单株材积及树高生长量在地点间和家系间以及地点与家系的交互作用上均表现为差异极显著(P<0.01),胸径生长量在家系间和地点间也表现为差异极显著(P<0.01)。根据多重比较的结果分别在各试验点进行了优良家系的初选,同时,采用BLUP模型对多地点参试家系材积育种值进行估算,依据育种值高低对参试家系进行综合评价,以20.00%入选率为标准,B34、B15、B28、B16、B51、B40、B42、B45、B48、B35、B19入选为优良家系,其材积均值分别较朗乡、帽儿山和吉林3个地点的家系均值高8.29%、9.80%和13.60%,材积性状在3个地点的遗传增益分别为3.23%、7.16%、8.84%。这11个家系的采种母树也入选为优良母树,其中B35和B15的采种母树为最优母树。研究结果不仅为白桦半同胞子代家系选择提供理论依据,而且也为白桦初级种子园的改良提供参考。

     

  • 表  1  3个试验点的地理气候条件

    Table  1.   Geographical and climatic conditions of the three test sites

    序号
    No.
    试验点
    Test site
    纬度
    Latitude
    经度
    Longitude
    年降水量
    Annual precipitation/mm
    年平均温度
    Annual average temperature/℃
    无霜期
    Frost-freeseason/d
    土壤类型
    Soil type
    1 朗乡
    Langxiang
    46°48′N 128°50′E 676.0 1.0 100 永冻暗棕壤
    Permafrost dark brown
    2 帽儿山
    Maoershan
    45°16′N 127°31′E 666.1 2.4 120 暗棕壤
    Dark brown
    3 吉林
    Jilin
    43°40′N 126°40′E 700.0 4.1 135 暗棕壤
    Dark brown
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  参试家系生长性状多地点联合方差分析

    Table  2.   Joint variance analysis of growth traits for birch families at different sites

    生长性状
    Growth trait
    变异来源
    Source of variation
    df SS MS F P
    树高
    Height(H)/m
    地点Site 2 1755.112 877.556 490.323** <0.01
    地点内区组Site (Block) 6 315.480 52.580 29.378** <0.01
    家系Family 52 351.766 6.765 3.780** <0.01
    家系×地点Family×site(G×E) 104 474.421 4.562 2.549** <0.01
    试验误差Experiment error 4065 7275.337 1.790
    总变异Total variance 4230 423725.196
    胸径
    Diameter at breast height (DBH)/cm
    地点Site 2 3674.704 1837.352 435.896** <0.01
    地点内区组Site (Block) 6 283.320 47.220 11.203** <0.01
    家系Family 52 389.907 7.498 1.779** <0.01
    家系×地点G×E 104 542.376 5.215 1.237 0.053
    试验误差Experiment error 4065 17134.428 4.215
    总变异Total variance 4230 366062.640
    单株材积Volume(V)/m3 地点Site 2 0.189 0.094 509.010** <0.01
    地点内区组Site (Block) 6 0.017 0.003 15.243** <0.01
    家系Family 52 0.025 <0.001 2.621** <0.01
    家系×地点G×E 104 0.029 <0.001 1.499** <0.01
    试验误差Experiment error 4065 0.753 <0.001
    总变异Total variance 4230 6.436
    注: *差异显著,P<0.05; **差异极显著,P<0.01。下同。Notes: * means significant difference at P<0.05 level; ** means extremely significant difference at P<0.01 level. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同试验点间参试家系生长性状的遗传参数

    Table  3.   Genetic parameters for growth traits of birch families at different sites

    试验地点
    Test site
    性状
    Growth trait
    均值
    Mean
    标准差
    Standarddeviation
    变幅
    Amplitude ofvariation
    变异系数
    Coefficient of variation/%
    F P
    朗乡
    Langxiang
    树高H/m 8.6575 1.6515 9.19~9.89 19.08 2.349 ** <0.01
    胸径DBH/cm 7.1091 2.0069 5.90~8.34 28.23 1.446* 0.02
    单株材积V/m3 0.0226 0.0119 0.0156~0.0311 52.65 1.650** <0.01
    帽儿山
    Maoershan
    树高H/m 10.3928 1.2252 9.39~11.30 11.79 7.984** <0.01
    胸径DBH/cm 9.6489 2.1848 8.67~10.77 22.64 1.868** <0.01
    单株材积V/m3 0.0408 0.0142 0.0331~0.0499 34.80 3.653** <0.01
    吉林
    Jilin
    树高H/m 9.7268 1.5534 8.15~11.00 15.97 3.408** <0.01
    胸径DBH/cm 9.1610 1.9483 7.73~10.21 21.27 2.293** <0.01
    单株材积V/m3 0.0351 0.0152 0.0231~0.0453 43.30 2.892** <0.01
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  各试验地点参试家系生长性状多重比较

    Table  4.   Multiple comparisons of birch H, DBH and V for the tested lines at different sites

    家系
    Family
    朗乡Langxiang 帽儿山Maoershan 吉林Jilin
    树高H/m 胸径DBH/cm 单株材积V/m3 树高H/m 胸径DBH/cm 单株材积V/m3 树高H/m 胸径DBH/cm 单株材积V/m3
    B1 9.65 abcd 7.43 abcde 0.0291 ab 10.23 fghijklm 9.40 bcdef 0.0384 defghijkl 9.58 bcdefghijkl 9.28 abcdef 0.0335 bcdefghij
    B2 7.90 hijk 6.93 abcde 0.0193 bcdefgh 10.28 efghijkl 9.64 abcdef 0.0394 cdefghijkl 8.72 lm 7.73 g 0.0265 jk
    B3 8.30 defghijk 6.77 abcde 0.0209 abcdefgh 10.41 bcdefghijkl 9.47 bcdef 0.0406 cdefghijk 10.07 abcdefghij 9.50 abcdef 0.0395 abcdef
    B4 8.86 abcdefghij 7.05 abcde 0.0251 abcdefgh 9.67 nop 8.67 f 0.0331 l 9.56 bcdefghijkl 8.39 cdefg 0.0311 cdefghijk
    B5 9.53 abcde 7.79 abcd 0.0280 abcd 10.13 hijklmno 9.70 abcdef 0.0382 defghijkl 10.30 abcdef 9.44 abcdef 0.0394 abcdef
    B6 8.27 efghijk 6.81 abcde 0.0205 bcdefgh 10.34 cdefghijkl 9.27 cdef 0.0383 defghijkl 8.69 lm 9.15 abcdef 0.0278 ijk
    B7 9.11 abcdefghij 6.68 abcde 0.0230 abcdefgh 9.92 lmno 8.95 ef 0.0354 ijkl 9.24 hijkl 8.25 defg 0.0295 efghijk
    B8 8.14 fghijk 6.27 cde 0.0172 efgh 10.44 bcdefghijkl 9.15 cdef 0.0390 cdefghijkl 8.15 m 8.43 cdefg 0.0231 k
    B9 8.28 defghijk 6.05 de 0.0177 defgh 9.91 lmno 9.70 abcdef 0.0366 hijkl 9.83 bcdefghijk 8.58 cdefg 0.0326 cdefghijk
    B10 8.81 abcdefghij 8.34 a 0.0251 abcdefgh 10.56 bcdefghij 9.60 abcdef 0.0411 cdefghijk 9.77 bcdefghijk 8.82 abcdefg 0.0343 bcdefghij
    B11 8.29 defghijk 6.75 abcde 0.0221 abcdefgh 10.89 abc 9.50 bcdef 0.0425 bcdefghi 9.57 bcdefghijkl 9.57 abcdef 0.0348 bcdefghij
    B12 9.09 abcdefghij 6.91 abcde 0.0230 abcdefgh 10.47 bcdefghijkl 9.45 bcdef 0.0404 cdefghijk 9.71 bcdefghijk 8.35 cdefg 0.0321 cdefghijk
    B13 8.84 abcdefghij 7.09 abcde 0.0221 abcdefgh 10.35 cdefghijkl 9.89 abcde 0.0408 cdefghijk 9.92 bcdefghijk 9.14 abcdef 0.0356 abcdefghij
    B14 9.15 abcdefghi 7.65 abcde 0.0275 abcdef 10.45 bcdefghijkl 9.88 abcde 0.0415 bcdefghij 9.97 bcdefghijk 9.25 abcdef 0.0366 abcdefghij
    B15 9.52 abcde 7.50 abcde 0.0277 abcde 10.45 bcdefghijkl 10.47 ab 0.0437 abcdefgh 11.00 a 9.78 abc 0.0453 a
    B16 8.96 abcdefghij 7.29 abcde 0.0237 abcdefgh 10.94 ab 9.98 abcde 0.0460 abc 10.38 abcde 9.45 abcdef 0.0410 abcd
    B17 8.77 abcdefghij 8.18 ab 0.0247 abcdefgh 10.21 fghijklm 9.55 bcdef 0.0387 cdefghijkl 9.74 bcdefghijk 10.13 ab 0.0376 abcdefghi
    B18 9.72 ab 7.55 abcde 0.0284 abc 10.32 defghijkl 9.17 cdef 0.0382 defghijkl 9.74 bcdefghijk 9.36 abcdef 0.0351 abcdefghij
    B19 9.27 abcdefgh 7.54 abcde 0.0254 abcdefgh 10.42 bcdefghijkl 9.57 bcdef 0.0405 cdefghijk 10.26 abcdefg 9.72 abc 0.0400 abcde
    B20 8.53 abcdefghij 7.02 abcde 0.0215 abcdefgh 10.10 ijklmno 9.23 cdef 0.0371 fghijkl 9.04 kl 8.47 cdefg 0.0283 hijk
    B21 8.06 fghijk 7.06 abcde 0.0200 bcdefgh 10.58 bcdefghij 9.51 bcdef 0.0414 bcdefghij 9.05 kl 8.69 bcdefg 0.0292 fghijk
    B22 9.02 abcdefghij 7.91 abc 0.0262 abcdefg 10.01 jklmno 9.32 bcdef 0.0381 efghijkl 9.32 fghijkl 8.77 abcdefg 0.0302 efghijk
    B23 8.71 abcdefghij 6.44 bcde 0.0200 bcdefgh 10.23 fghijklm 9.33 bcdef 0.0398 cdefghijkl 9.37 fghijkl 8.63 cdefg 0.0336 bcdefghij
    B24 8.75 abcdefghij 6.97 abcde 0.0229 abcdefgh 10.09 ijklmno 9.49 bcdef 0.0385 cdefghijkl 9.15 jkl 9.01 abcdefg 0.0300 efghijk
    B25 7.98 ghijk 6.24 cde 0.0172 fgh 10.25 fghijklm 10.01 abcde 0.0418 bcdefghi 10.09 abcdefghij 9.57 abcdef 0.0385 abcdefgh
    B26 9.08 abcdefghij 7.77 abcd 0.0251 abcdefgh 9.72 mnop 9.05 def 0.0369 ghijkl 9.13 jkl 9.28 abcdef 0.0350 abcdefghij
    B27 8.41 bcdefghijk 7.23 abcde 0.0226 abcdefgh 10.32 defghijkl 9.81 abcdef 0.0410 cdefghijk 9.52 cdefghijkl 9.17 abcdef 0.0329 cdefghijk
    B28 8.77 abcdefghij 6.22 cde 0.0251 abcdefgh 10.07 jklmno 10.10 abcde 0.0407 cdefghijk 10.52 ab 10.10 ab 0.0453 a
    B29 7.19 k 6.12 cde 0.0161 gh 10.91 abc 9.87 abcde 0.0444 abcdef 9.95 bcdefghijk 9.50 abcdef 0.0374 abcdefghi
    B30 9.68 abc 6.47 bcde 0.0254 abcdefgh 10.65 bcdefghi 9.58 bcdef 0.0418 bcdefghi 9.73 bcdefghijk 9.28 abcdef 0.0346 bcdefghij
    B31 8.91 abcdefghij 6.80 abcde 0.0228 abcdefgh 10.40 bcdefghijkl 9.66 abcdef 0.0414 cdefghij 10.39 abcde 9.71 abc 0.0416 abc
    B32 8.48 bcdefghijk 7.62 abcde 0.0221 abcdefgh 10.38 bcdefghijkl 9.53 bcdef 0.0399 cdefghijkl 9.29 ghijkl 8.70 bcdefg 0.0303 efghijk
    B33 8.94 abcdefghij 7.66 abcde 0.0258 abcdefgh 10.29 efghijkl 9.19 cdef 0.0387 cdefghijkl 10.00 bcdefghijk 9.70 abcd 0.0390 abcdefg
    B34 9.89 a 7.88 abcd 0.0311 a 10.87 abcd 10.16 abcd 0.0458 abc 10.50 abc 9.78 abc 0.0414 abc
    B35 8.30 defghijk 6.93 abcde 0.0206 bcdefgh 10.83 abcde 10.77 a 0.0486 ab 9.70 bcdefghijk 8.75 bcdefg 0.0342 bcdefghij
    B36 8.08 fghijk 7.04 abcde 0.0189 bcdefgh 10.70 bcdefgh 10.09 abcde 0.0444 abcdef 10.00 bcdefghijk 9.44 abcdef 0.0368 abcdefghij
    B37 8.25 efghijk 7.49 abcde 0.0214 abcdefgh 10.58 bcdefghij 10.00 abcde 0.0435 abcdefgh 9.87 bcdefghijk 9.28 abcdef 0.0355 abcdefghij
    B38 8.31 cdefghijk 7.44 abcde 0.0239 abcdefgh 9.61 op 8.96 ef 0.0339 kl 9.27 ghijkl 8.87 abcdefg 0.0313 cdefghijk
    B39 8.56 abcdefghij 7.58 abcde 0.0226 abcdefgh 10.17 ghijklmn 9.82 abcdef 0.0404 cdefghijk 9.61 bcdefghijkl 8.84 abcdefg 0.0334 bcdefghij
    B40 7.81 ijk 6.57 abcde 0.0169 gh 11.30 a 10.31 abc 0.0499 a 9.96 bcdefghijk 9.37 abcdef 0.0382 abcdefghi
    B41 8.12 fghijk 6.91 abcde 0.0199 bcdefgh 10.66 bcdefghi 9.37 bcdef 0.0404 cdefghijk 10.17 abcdefghi 9.34 abcdef 0.0382 abcdefghi
    B42 8.79 abcdefghij 7.33 abcde 0.0229 abcdefgh 10.91 abc 10.11 abcde 0.0456 abcd 9.96 bcdefghijk 9.75 abc 0.0382 abcdefghi
    B43 8.73 abcdefghij 7.76 abcd 0.0250 abcdefgh 10.69 bcdefgh 9.50 bcdef 0.0427 bcdefghi 9.83 bcdefghijk 9.36 abcdef 0.0356 abcdefghij
    B44 7.74 jk 7.11 abcde 0.0185 cdefgh 10.69 bcdefgh 10.04 abcde 0.0442 abcdefg 10.21 abcdefgh 9.61 abcdef 0.0389 abcdefgh
    B45 9.45 abcdef 7.41 abcde 0.0285 abc 10.69 bcdefgh 10.27 abc 0.0452 abcde 9.50 defghijkl 9.51 abcdef 0.0344 bcdefghij
    B46 8.93 abcdefghij 7.85 abcd 0.0245 abcdefgh 10.50 bcdefghijk 9.86 abcde 0.0418 bcdefghi 9.48 efghijkl 8.20 efg 0.0300 efghijk
    B47 8.66 abcdefghij 6.29 cde 0.0196 bcdefgh 9.39 p 9.37 bcdef 0.0342 jkl 9.19 ijkl 8.19 fg 0.0308 defghijk
    B48 9.33 abcdefg 6.54 abcde 0.0222 abcdefgh 10.73 bcdefg 10.33 abc 0.0452 abcde 9.96 bcdefghijk 9.46 abcdef 0.0364 abcdefghij
    B49 7.84 ijk 5.90 e 0.0156 h 10.41 bcdefghijkl 9.04 def 0.0384 defghijkl 10.11 abcdefghij 9.39 abcdef 0.0380 abcdefghi
    B50 8.15 efghijk 6.42 bcde 0.0183 cdefgh 10.55 bcdefghij 10.23 abcd 0.0436 abcdefgh 10.06 bcdefghij 9.66 abcde 0.0389 abcdefgh
    B51 8.96 abcdefghij 7.94 abc 0.0248 abcdefgh 10.45 bcdefghijkl 9.61 abcdef 0.0413 cdefghij 10.48 abcd 10.21 a 0.0439 ab
    B52 8.18 efghijk 7.14 abcde 0.0195 bcdefgh 9.97 klmno 9.20 cdef 0.0354 ijkl 9.06 kl 8.52 cdefg 0.0284 ghijk
    B53 7.83 ijk 7.13 abcde 0.0184 cdefgh 10.75 bcdef 9.67 abcdef 0.0427 bcdefghi 9.86 bcdefghijk 9.13 abcdefg 0.0352 abcdefghij
    注:表中不同字母表示在P < 0.05水平上差异显著。Note: different letters mean significant difference at P < 0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  各试验地点参试家系保存率

    Table  5.   Preservation rate for the tested families at different sites

    参试家系
    Tested family
    保存率Preservation rate/% 3个地点保存率均值
    Average preservation rate at three sites/%
    朗乡
    Langxiang
    帽儿山
    Maoershan
    吉林
    Jilin
    B1 40.00 55.71 63.33 53.01
    B2 30.00 61.43 60.00 50.48
    B3 66.67 38.57 46.67 50.64
    B4 83.33 51.43 83.33 72.70
    B5 73.33 45.71 76.67 65.24
    B6 56.67 58.57 53.33 56.19
    B7 33.33 62.86 70.00 55.40
    B8 63.33 62.86 43.33 56.51
    B9 40.00 50.00 96.67 62.22
    B10 60.00 65.71 73.33 66.35
    B11 26.67 62.86 76.67 55.40
    B12 70.00 68.57 80.00 72.86
    B13 66.67 68.57 83.33 72.86
    B14 43.33 94.29 53.33 63.65
    B15 30.00 50.00 53.33 44.44
    B16 50.00 65.71 70.00 61.90
    B17 40.00 65.71 76.67 60.79
    B18 70.00 60.00 76.67 68.89
    B19 76.67 51.43 63.33 63.81
    B20 76.67 65.71 76.67 73.02
    B21 73.33 61.43 66.67 67.14
    B22 56.67 64.29 73.33 64.76
    B23 33.33 54.29 90.00 59.21
    B24 50.00 57.14 66.67 57.94
    B25 90.00 55.71 76.67 74.13
    B26 50.00 57.14 50.00 52.38
    B27 50.00 60.00 70.00 60.00
    B28 30.00 57.14 70.00 52.38
    B29 36.67 70.00 70.00 58.89
    B30 53.33 71.43 86.67 70.48
    B31 36.67 65.71 60.00 54.13
    B32 56.67 67.14 80.00 67.94
    B33 63.33 54.29 76.67 64.76
    B34 56.67 60.00 73.33 63.33
    B35 90.00 67.14 66.67 74.60
    B36 53.33 61.43 83.33 66.03
    B37 53.33 68.57 76.67 66.19
    B38 46.67 44.29 50.00 46.99
    B39 63.33 50.00 60.00 57.78
    B40 66.67 75.71 83.33 75.24
    B41 70.00 70.00 80.00 73.33
    B42 40.00 71.43 86.67 66.03
    B43 70.00 70.00 76.67 72.22
    B44 36.67 61.43 80.00 59.37
    B45 60.00 58.57 46.67 55.08
    B46 66.67 64.29 76.67 69.21
    B47 53.33 44.29 70.00 55.87
    B48 63.33 62.86 73.33 66.51
    B49 46.67 40.00 60.00 48.89
    B50 86.67 55.71 60.00 67.46
    B51 23.33 60.00 76.67 53.33
    B52 33.33 57.14 56.67 49.05
    B53 23.33 57.14 46.67 42.38
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  参试家系材积性状育种值

    Table  6.   Breeding value for volume of birch families

    综合排名
    Comprehensive ranking
    家系
    Family
    育种值
    Breeding value
    标准误
    Standard error
    1 B34 0.009487 0.408866
    2 B15 0.008838 0.400508
    3 B28 0.007473 0.404450
    4 B16 0.006786 0.408455
    5 B51 0.005843 0.403728
    6 B40 0.005191 0.411808
    7 B42 0.005067 0.408921
    8 B45 0.004931 0.406538
    9 B48 0.003846 0.409883
    10 B35 0.003845 0.411074
    11 B19 0.002876 0.408067
    12 B31 0.002838 0.405394
    13 B5 0.002812 0.409427
    14 B43 0.002792 0.411366
    15 B14 0.002778 0.410816
    16 B44 0.002584 0.407243
    17 B36 0.002060 0.409832
    18 B29 0.001729 0.407011
    19 B33 0.001726 0.409499
    20 B11 0.001424 0.404868
    21 B37 0.001349 0.409699
    22 B17 0.001340 0.407742
    23 B30 0.001311 0.410246
    24 B18 0.001297 0.410728
    25 B10 0.001276 0.409895
    26 B50 0.001214 0.409561
    27 B41 0.000381 0.411618
    28 B3 0.000183 0.403408
    29 B26 0.000130 0.405231
    30 B13 -0.000096 0.410798
    31 B53 -0.000154 0.399256
    32 B1 -0.000505 0.405265
    33 B46 -0.001507 0.410566
    34 B25 -0.001666 0.411684
    35 B39 -0.001780 0.407691
    36 B12 -0.002024 0.411479
    37 B22 -0.002113 0.409472
    38 B23 -0.002169 0.405577
    39 B27 -0.002352 0.407904
    40 B32 -0.003134 0.410325
    41 B24 -0.003471 0.407761
    42 B49 -0.003577 0.402874
    43 B21 -0.004966 0.409794
    44 B20 -0.005170 0.411443
    45 B7 -0.005506 0.405812
    46 B38 -0.005755 0.403724
    47 B6 -0.005835 0.406911
    48 B9 -0.005966 0.407067
    49 B4 -0.005967 0.410607
    50 B2 -0.006776 0.403709
    51 B47 -0.007239 0.407103
    52 B52 -0.007793 0.403611
    53 B8 -0.007885 0.406856
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-30
  • 修回日期:  2016-09-27
  • 刊出日期:  2017-03-01

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