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黑龙江木本植物盛花期对气候变暖的响应

陈静茹 杜彦君 张玉红 潘杰 陈菲菲 代武君 刘彤 周志强

陈静茹, 杜彦君, 张玉红, 潘杰, 陈菲菲, 代武君, 刘彤, 周志强. 黑龙江木本植物盛花期对气候变暖的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(11): 50-56. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160186
引用本文: 陈静茹, 杜彦君, 张玉红, 潘杰, 陈菲菲, 代武君, 刘彤, 周志强. 黑龙江木本植物盛花期对气候变暖的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(11): 50-56. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160186
CHEN Jing-ru, DU Yan-jun, ZHANG Yu-hong, PAN Jie, CHEN Fei-fei, DAI Wu-jun, LIU Tong, ZHOU Zhi-qiang. Peak flowering responses to the global warming of woody species in Heilongjiang Province,northeastern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(11): 50-56. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160186
Citation: CHEN Jing-ru, DU Yan-jun, ZHANG Yu-hong, PAN Jie, CHEN Fei-fei, DAI Wu-jun, LIU Tong, ZHOU Zhi-qiang. Peak flowering responses to the global warming of woody species in Heilongjiang Province,northeastern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(11): 50-56. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160186

黑龙江木本植物盛花期对气候变暖的响应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160186
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划专项(2016YFA0600801)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈静茹。主要研究方向: 植物生态。 Email: 553801023@qq.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学森林植物生态学教育部重点实验室。   责任作者: 周志强,教授,博士生导师。 主要研究方向:植物生态。 Email: uwezhou@126.com 地址:同上。刘彤,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态。 Email: frauliu@126.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。

    陈静茹。主要研究方向: 植物生态。 Email: 553801023@qq.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学森林植物生态学教育部重点实验室。   责任作者: 周志强,教授,博士生导师。 主要研究方向:植物生态。 Email: uwezhou@126.com 地址:同上。刘彤,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态。 Email: frauliu@126.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。

    陈静茹。主要研究方向: 植物生态。 Email: 553801023@qq.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学森林植物生态学教育部重点实验室。   责任作者: 周志强,教授,博士生导师。 主要研究方向:植物生态。 Email: uwezhou@126.com 地址:同上。刘彤,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态。 Email: frauliu@126.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。

Peak flowering responses to the global warming of woody species in Heilongjiang Province,northeastern China.

  • 摘要: 本文利用黑龙江省森林植物园50种木本植物52年的盛花期观测数据和该地区过去52年间全年和每个月的温度数据,探讨黑龙江地区木本植物盛花期对气候变暖的响应,同时分析了生活型(乔木vs.灌木)和果实类型(肉质vs.非肉质)在这种响应方面的差异。结果表明: 研究地点在过去的52年里升温趋势明显,全年平均温度或春季平均温度的变化幅度每10年均升高达0.49 ℃,高于全球和全国的平均水平;50种植物中,多数植物(76%)盛花期主要与4月或5月平均温度显著相关,盛花期对气候变暖响应明显,平均提前2.09 d/℃,但提前速率存在明显的种间差异。其余12个种(24%)的盛花期不受温度升高影响或影响不显著;不同物种盛花期对春季不同月份平均温度变化的响应存在差异,大多数(34种)开花较早的物种与4月平均温度变化呈极显著(P0.000 1,P0.01)或显著相关(P0.05),少数(4种)开花较晚的物种与5月平均温度变化显著相关(P0.05);生活型(乔木vs.灌木)和果实类型(肉质vs.非肉质)对这种响应未表现出显著的相关性。上述研究结果初步揭示了我国东北地区木本植物盛花期对气候变暖的响应特点,与国内外同类研究的结论基本一致并相互佐证。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-24
  • 刊出日期:  2016-11-30

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