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温度对六斑异瓢虫生长发育的影响

杜文梅 张俊杰 齐颖慧 阮长春

杜文梅, 张俊杰, 齐颖慧, 阮长春. 温度对六斑异瓢虫生长发育的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 94-98. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160195
引用本文: 杜文梅, 张俊杰, 齐颖慧, 阮长春. 温度对六斑异瓢虫生长发育的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 94-98. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160195
DU Wen-mei, ZHANG Jun-jie, QI Ying-hui, RUAN Chang-chun. Effects of temperature on the growth and development in Aiolocaria hexaspilota (Coleoptera: Coccinellinae)[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 94-98. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160195
Citation: DU Wen-mei, ZHANG Jun-jie, QI Ying-hui, RUAN Chang-chun. Effects of temperature on the growth and development in Aiolocaria hexaspilota (Coleoptera: Coccinellinae)[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 94-98. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160195

温度对六斑异瓢虫生长发育的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160195
基金项目: 

吉林农业大学校内启动基金 201232

详细信息
    作者简介:

    杜文梅,助理研究员。主要研究方向:害虫生物防治。Email:280114191@qq.com  地址:130118  吉林省长春市新城大街2888号农业现代化综合技术研究所

    责任作者:

    阮长春,博士,研究员。主要研究防治:害虫生物防治。Email:bio-control@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S763.7

Effects of temperature on the growth and development in Aiolocaria hexaspilota (Coleoptera: Coccinellinae)

  • 摘要: 为探讨温度对六斑异瓢虫生长发育的影响,分别在15、20、25和28 ℃条件下,对六斑异瓢虫各发育阶段的发育历期、发育速率、发育起点温度、有效积温、存活率及幼虫体长进行了研究。结果表明:六斑异瓢虫在15~28 ℃的温度范围内,发育历期均随温度的升高显著缩短,发育速率随温度的升高而加快,采用线性回归模型对六斑异瓢虫各发育阶段的发育速率进行模拟分析,模型拟合度较高,P值均小于0.05,达到显著水平。温度对1~3龄幼虫体长无显著性差异;4龄时,15 ℃下的4龄幼虫体长只有11.48 mm,显著短于其他温度。温度对六斑异瓢虫存活有一定的影响,随着温度的升高,总存活率呈下降趋势,28 ℃时最低,只有54.53%。综合各指标,适宜六斑异瓢虫生长的环境温度为15~20 ℃,六斑异瓢虫卵、1龄、2龄、3龄、4龄、蛹和总历期的发育起点温度分别为9.84、10.42、11.67、10.21、9.91、10.51、10.37 ℃,有效积温分别为54.49、26.77、19.32、27.35、54.73、73.37、269.77 ℃·d。

     

  • 表  1  温度对六斑异瓢虫生长发育的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of temperature on the growth and development of Aiolocaria hexaspilota

    温度
    Temperature/℃
    DPS参数
    DPS parameter
    发育历期/d
    Development duration/day
    总历期
    Total duration
    卵期
    Egg
    1龄
    1st instar
    2龄
    2nd instar
    3龄
    3rd instar
    4龄
    4th instar
    预蛹
    Prepupae

    Pupae
    159.40±0.07a5.61±0.95a4.49±0.24a5.20±0.32a11.33±0.93a3.13±0.78a15.23±0.56a54.38±0.7a
    205.54±0.11b2.94±0.34b2.60±0.12b2.94±0.08b5.26±0.35b2.02±0.35b8.10±0.09b29.40±0.65b
    253.88±0.11c1.74±0.14c1.55±0.11c1.90±0.13c3.51±0.30c0.88±0.18c5.11±0.26c18.57±0.31c
    282.88±0.07d1.56±0.07c1.13±0.04d1.50±0.04d3.12±0.11c0.77±0.26c4.14±0.09d15.10±0.33d
    F2 890.92134.52165.64850.47530.8659.272 520.9410 529.62
    P<0.000 1<0.000 1<0.000 1<0.000 1<0.000 1<0.000 1<0.000 1<0.000 1
    注:表中数值为平均值±标准误,同列数字后的小写字母表示差异显著(P<0.05)。P值表示事件概率,P>0.05表示处理间差异不显著,P<0.05表示处理间差异显著;F值为F检验结果。下同。Notes: the values are mean ± standard error; different letters in the same column mean significant difference (P<0.05). P value indicates the probability of the event, P > 0.05 indicates no significant difference among treatments, P<0.05 indicates significant difference among treatments; F value means F test results. The same as below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  六斑异瓢虫幼虫在不同温度下的体长变化

    Table  2.   Changes of body length of A. hexaspilota larvae under different temperatures

    温度
    Temperature /℃
    DPS参数
    DPS parameter
    各发育阶段体长
    Body length of each development stage/mm
    1龄1st instar2龄2nd instar3龄3rd instar4龄4th instar
    152.45±0.155.08±0.597.62±0.1211.48±0.41b
    202.56±0.165.07±0.127.84±0.1712.57±0.93a
    252.54±0.134.92±0.348.04±0.3812.37±0.55a
    282.51±0.094.94±0.357.85±0.6012.70±0.35a
    F1.460.452.238.67
    P0.241 00.716 10.101 90.000 2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  温度对六斑异瓢虫存活的影响

    Table  3.   Effects of temperature on the survival of A. hexaspilota

    温度
    Temperature/℃
    DPS参数
    DPS parameter
    卵孵化率
    Hatching rate of eggs/%
    存活率Survival rate/%总存活率
    Total survival rate/%
    幼虫Larva预蛹Prepupa蛹Pupa
    1594.70±5.1893.33±6.6793.33±6.6793.33±6.6788.38
    2093.27±2.3893.33±6.6793.33±6.6793.33±6.6787.05
    2593.52±2.8486.67±8.1680.00±8.1680.00±8.1674.82
    2890.88±2.5566.6±10.5460.00±12.4760.00±12.4754.53
    F0.652.393.193.19
    P0.602 40.107 00.052 10.052 1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  六斑异瓢虫发育速率与温度的预测模型

    Table  4.   Forecasting models of development rates of A. hexaspilota under different temperatures

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    线性回归模型
    Linear regression model
    FP决定系数
    Determination coefficient (R2)
    卵EggV=-0.170 8+0.017 9T81.750.012 00.976 1
    1龄1st instarV=-0.379 9+0.036 9T174.010.005 70.988 6
    2龄2nd instarV=-0.568 6+0.050 1T62.110.015 70.968 8
    3龄3rd instarV=-0.366 6+0.036 3T232.410.004 30.991 5
    4龄4th instarV=-0.177 9+0.018 1T247.510.004 00.992 0
    预蛹PrepupaV=-0.971 6+0.081 1T37.440.025 70.949 3
    蛹PupaV=-0.142 1+0.013 6T523.740.001 90.996 2
    总历期Total durationV=-0.038 1+0.003 7T504.660.002 00.996 1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  六斑异瓢虫发育起点温度和有效积温

    Table  5.   Development threshold temperature and the effective accumulative temperature of A. hexaspilota

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    发育起点温度
    Development threshold temperature/℃
    有效积温/(℃·d)
    Effective accumulated temperature/(℃·day)
    卵Egg9.8454.49
    1龄1st instar10.4226.77
    2龄2nd instar11.6719.32
    3龄3rd instar10.2127.35
    4龄4th instar9.9154.73
    预蛹Prepupa12.4911.70
    蛹Pupa10.5173.37
    总历期Total duration10.37269.77
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-07
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