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互花米草入侵对闽东滨海湿地红树林土壤理化性质和酶活性的影响

白静 严锦钰 何东进 蔡金标 王韧 游巍斌 肖石红 侯栋梁 李威威

白静, 严锦钰, 何东进, 蔡金标, 王韧, 游巍斌, 肖石红, 侯栋梁, 李威威. 互花米草入侵对闽东滨海湿地红树林土壤理化性质和酶活性的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 70-77. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160202
引用本文: 白静, 严锦钰, 何东进, 蔡金标, 王韧, 游巍斌, 肖石红, 侯栋梁, 李威威. 互花米草入侵对闽东滨海湿地红树林土壤理化性质和酶活性的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 70-77. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160202
BAI Jing, YAN Jin-yu, HE Dong-jin, CAI Jin-biao, WANG Ren, YOU Wei-bin, XIAO Shi-hong, HOU Dong-liang, LI Wei-wei. Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion in eastern Fujian coastal wetland on the physicochemical properties and enzyme activities of mangrove soil[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 70-77. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160202
Citation: BAI Jing, YAN Jin-yu, HE Dong-jin, CAI Jin-biao, WANG Ren, YOU Wei-bin, XIAO Shi-hong, HOU Dong-liang, LI Wei-wei. Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion in eastern Fujian coastal wetland on the physicochemical properties and enzyme activities of mangrove soil[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 70-77. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160202

互花米草入侵对闽东滨海湿地红树林土壤理化性质和酶活性的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160202
基金项目: 

福建省科技厅重点项目 2009N0009

国家自然科学基金项目 31370624

福建省科技厅引导性项目 2015N0018

国家自然科学基金项目 30870435

详细信息
    作者简介:

    白静。主要研究方向:自然地理学。Email: 170420859@qq.com  地址:350002  福建省福州市仓山区福建农林大学林学院

    责任作者:

    何东进,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:生态学与森林经理学。Email: fjhdj1009@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S714.2

Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion in eastern Fujian coastal wetland on the physicochemical properties and enzyme activities of mangrove soil

  • 摘要: 以空间代替时间,结合方差分析、多重比较和Pearson相关分析等方法,对闽东滨海湿地互花米草入侵不同阶段群落类型(秋茄红树林群落、秋茄红树林-互花米草共生群落、互花米草群落和光滩)的土壤理化性质和酶活性及二者相关性进行了差异分析,试图解释互花米草成功入侵的土壤学机理。结果表明:互花米草入侵增加了土壤密度,降低了土壤pH值和含水率,减少了土壤有机碳、有机质、全氮和全磷含量。互花米草入侵提高了闽东滨海湿地土壤的蔗糖酶、碱性磷酸酶和过氧化氢酶活性,降低了土壤脲酶活性。相关分析表明,土壤酶活性与土壤理化因子存在密切关系,蔗糖酶与全氮、全磷和含水率呈极显著正相关,与土壤密度呈极显著负相关;脲酶与含水率显著正相关,与土壤密度显著负相关;碱性磷酸酶与全磷、含水率显著正相关,与土壤密度显著负相关;过氧化氢酶与理化因子无相关性。本研究为治理互花米草提供理论依据。

     

  • 图  1  闽东滨海湿地采样点位置

    1.秋茄红树林群落; 2.共生群落;3.互花米草群落;4.光滩。引自文献[11]。

    Figure  1.  Location of sampling sites in the coastal wetland of eastern Fujian Province

    1, Kandelia candel red wood community; 2, K.candel red wood-Spartina alterniflora symbiosis community; 3, S. alterniflora community; 4, bare beach. Cited from reference [11].

    图  2  互花米草入侵不同阶段各土层土壤理化因子对比

    不同大写字母表示同一群落下不同土层间差异显著,不同小写字母表示同一土层不同群落间差异显著(单因素方差分析,S-N-K多重比较,P<0.05)。下同。

    Figure  2.  Comparison in soil physical and chemical factors in different soil layers of varied stages under Spartina alterniflora invasion

    Different capital and small letters indicate significant differences among soil layers in the same community and among communities in the same soil layer, respectively(one-way ANOVA, S-N-K multiple comparison, P < 0.05). The same as below.

    表  1  不同群落不同土层土壤酶活性

    Table  1.   Soil enzyme activities in different soil layers of varied communities

    群落类型
    Communitytype
    土层
    Soil layer
    蔗糖酶
    Invertase/(mg·g-1)
    脲酶
    Urease/(ug·g-1)
    碱性磷酸酶
    Alkaline phosphatase/(mg·100 g-1)
    过氧化氢酶
    Catalase/(mL·g-1)
    光滩Bare beach0~20 cm0.037±0.01Ab27.453±1.15Ab0.106±0.07Ab0.454±0.05Aa
    20~40 cm0.028±0.00Ab22.562±1.17ABb0.084±0.03ABb0.484±0.04Aab
    40~60 cm0.027±0.00Ab19.689±1.26Bb0.074±0.01Bb0.454±0.04Ab
    秋茄红树林群落Kandelia candel red wood community0~20 cm0.093±0.01Aab41.665±2.37Aa0.326±0.1Aab0.440±0.06Aa
    20~40 cm0.073±0.00Bab30.171±0.75Ba0.268±0.08Aa0.411±0.02Ab
    40~60 cm0.064±0.00Ba23.464±0.72Ca0.130±0.01Aab0.400±0.03Ab
    共生群落Kandelia candel red wood- Spartina alterniflora symbiosis community0~20 cm0.101±0.04Aa33.295±1.00Ab0.412±0.08Aa0.553±0.01Aa
    20~40 cm0.085±0.03Aa22.517±1.22Ba0.249±0.04ABab0.548±0.01Aab
    40~60 cm0.060±0.01Aa22.424±1.26Bab0.154±0.02Bab0.555±0.02Ab
    互花米草群落Spartina alterniflora community0~20 cm0.080±0.01Aab31.202±1.47Ab0.534±0.09Aa0.548±0.02Aa
    20~40 cm0.059±0.01ABab29.419±1.62Ab0.231±0.03Ba0.476±0.03ABa
    40~60 cm0.044±0.02Bab19.233±1.56Bab0.097±0.02Ba0.419±0.02Ba
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  土壤酶活性与理化因子间的相关性分析

    Table  2.   Correlation analysis between soil enzyme activity and soil physicochemical factors

    项目Item蔗糖酶
    Invertase
    脲酶
    Urease
    碱性磷酸酶
    Alkaline phosphatase
    过氧化氢酶
    Catalase
    蔗糖酶Invertase1.000
    脲酶Urease0.689*1.000
    碱性磷酸酶Alkaline phosphatase0.817**0.700*1.000
    过氧化氢酶Catalase0.3650.0470.4891.000
    有机碳含量Organic carbon content0.4010.4100.118-0.569
    有机质含量Organic content0.4010.4100.118-0.569
    全氮含量Total nitrogen content0.756**0.4920.511-0.023
    全磷含量Total phosphorus content0.922**0.5530.699*0.353
    全钾含量Total potassium content-0.3790.1020.021-0.167
    pH值pH value-0.773**-0.505-0.413-0.119
    土壤密度Soil bulk density-0.902**-0.618*-0.672*-0.075
    含水率Moisture content0.820**0.582*0.578*-0.086
    注:Pearson相关分析,***分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平上相关显著(2-tailed)。Notes: Pearson correlation analysis, *and** indicate the correlation is significant at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively (2-tailed).
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-16
  • 修回日期:  2016-09-22
  • 刊出日期:  2017-01-01

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