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白榆无性系生长特性及离子分布对NaCl胁迫的响应

苏丹 殷小琳 董智 慕德宇 张晓晓 贾淑友

苏丹, 殷小琳, 董智, 慕德宇, 张晓晓, 贾淑友. 白榆无性系生长特性及离子分布对NaCl胁迫的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(5): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160279
引用本文: 苏丹, 殷小琳, 董智, 慕德宇, 张晓晓, 贾淑友. 白榆无性系生长特性及离子分布对NaCl胁迫的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(5): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160279
SU Dan, YIN Xiao-lin, DONG Zhi, MU De-yu, ZHANG Xiao-xiao, JIA Shu-you. Response in growth and ionic distribution of elm clones under NaCl stress[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(5): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160279
Citation: SU Dan, YIN Xiao-lin, DONG Zhi, MU De-yu, ZHANG Xiao-xiao, JIA Shu-you. Response in growth and ionic distribution of elm clones under NaCl stress[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(5): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160279

白榆无性系生长特性及离子分布对NaCl胁迫的响应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160279
基金项目: 

中国水利科学研究院科研专项 SE0145C112015

世界银行贷款山东生态造林项目 SEAP-JC-2

详细信息
    作者简介:

    苏丹。主要研究方向:荒漠化防治。Email:ximenjingxuan@163.com   地址:271018  山东省泰安市泰山区岱宗大街61号山东农业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    董智,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:荒漠化防治。Email:nmgdz@163.com   地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.43;S792.19

Response in growth and ionic distribution of elm clones under NaCl stress

  • 摘要: 白榆是滨海盐碱地最重要的潜在造林树种,以白榆无性系EC7和EC51为实验材料,采用盆栽实验的方法,研究5种NaCl浓度(0、50、85、120、155 mmol/L)下2个无性系生长状况及Na+、Cl-和K+在各器官的积累特点,以期探索白榆无性系各器官离子分布与积累特征及其对NaCl的响应,比较2个无性系的耐盐性,为白榆无性系在滨海盐碱地的引种栽培提供理论基础。结果显示:1)盐胁迫条件下,白榆无性系叶片黄化、干枯等盐害症状会随着浓度的增大而加重,在155 mmol/L的高盐浓度胁迫下,EC7植株死亡而EC51无死亡现象,且在相同NaCl浓度下EC7的盐害症状较EC51严重;NaCl胁迫明显抑制了白榆无性系生物量的积累,地上部位的抑制现象更加明显,在大于50 mmol/L的盐浓度胁迫下EC7各部分的生物量显著减少(P < 0.05),EC51的生物量变化更加稳定,适应性更强。2) EC7和EC51各器官Na+和Cl-含量随着盐浓度的增加而增加,Na+的分布特点为根>茎>叶。Cl-的分布特点为根>叶>茎。在大于85 mmol/L的盐浓度胁迫下,EC51各器官的Na+含量增加幅度较EC7小;EC51根中的Cl-积累较叶中多,而EC7在叶中积累较多。EC51的离子分配模式减少了盐害离子在光合器官的积累。Cl-含量在茎中最少,由此推断,茎器官可能只是一种传输通道。3) K+在各器官的含量与对照相比显著降低,EC7的降幅较大,在根和叶中尤为明显,EC51在大于85 mmol/L的盐浓度下K+含量变化较稳定,且EC51各器官中K+含量均高于EC7。EC51在茎和叶中K+/ Na+离子比值高于同浓度下EC7,表明EC51更能适应盐胁迫的高渗环境。研究表明,白榆无性系EC7和EC51均有一定的耐盐能力,能够在小于85 mmol/L的环境中良好生长,在盐浓度大于85 mmol/L的胁迫条件下,EC51较EC7有更强的适盐能力。

     

  • 图  1  NaCl胁迫对白榆无性系不同器官Na+含量的影响

    图中误差棒为平均值的标准差,n=3;不同大写字母表示同一无性系不同器官差异显著(P < 0.05),不同小写字母表示同一无性系同一器官不同浓度间差异显著(P < 0.05)。图 2~4同此。

    Figure  1.  Changes of Na+ content in different organs of elm clones under NaCl stress

    Error in the figure for the standard deviation, n=3. Different capital letters indicate significant difference among each organs at P < 0.05 level, while different small letters in the same column indicate significant difference among treatments at P < 0.05 level. The same for Fig. 2-4.

    图  2  NaCl胁迫对白榆无性系不同器官Cl-含量的影响

    Figure  2.  Changes of Cl- content in different organs of elm clones under NaCl stress

    图  3  NaCl胁迫对白榆无性系不同器官K+含量的影响

    Figure  3.  Changes of K+content in different organs of elm clones under NaCl stress

    表  1  NaCl胁迫下白榆无性系的盐害症状

    Table  1.   Salt-damaged symptoms of elm clones treated by NaCl

    NaCl浓度
    NaCl concentration/
    (mmol·L-1)
    白榆无性系Elm clone
    EC7 EC51
    0 植株正常,未受盐胁迫影响Plant is normal, not affected by the salt stress 植株正常,未受盐胁迫影响Plant is normal, not affected by salt stress
    50 小部分(不超过50%)叶片、叶缘黄化A small number of leaves and leaf margin become scorched(less than 50%) 只有叶尖有部分异常,但整体看不出有盐害症状In addition to the leaf apex, there are no salt injury symptoms in the whole plant
    85 大部分(大于50%)叶片或叶缘黄化,叶片干枯Most leaves and leaf margin become scorched, the leaves begin to shrivel (better than 50%) 小部分叶片、叶缘黄化A small number of leaves and leaf margin become scorched
    120 整体呈现濒临死亡状态,没有正常叶片存在The whole of plants present the state on the brink of death, there are no normal leaves 部分(50%左右)出现叶片、叶缘黄化,开始落叶A number of leaves and leaf margin become scorched(about 50%), the leaves begin to shrivel
    155 植株死亡Plants died 大部分叶片或叶缘黄化,叶片干枯Most leaves and leaf margin become scorched, the leaves begin to shrivel
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  NaCl胁迫对白榆无性系生物量的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of NaCl stress on the biomass of elm clones

    NaCl浓度NaCl concentration/(mmol·L-1) 地下生物量Underground biomass/g 地上生物量Aboveground biomass/g 总生物量Total biomass/g
    EC7 EC51 EC7 EC51 EC7 EC51
    0 124.97±4.60Ba 55.69±1.52Aa 127.00±4.95Ba 82.41±4.65Aa 251.96±0.99Ba 138.10±5.28Aa
    50 84.21±3.97Bc 60.36±9.62Aa 108.48±7.48Bb 71.91±1.54Ab 195.69±4.15Bb 132.27±8.17Ab
    85 98.51±2.55Bb 38.80±4.06Ab 72.80±6.74Bc 52.11±6.33Ac 171.31±9.21Bc 90.92±4.34Ac
    120 78.65±6.58Bc 37.00±3.10Ab 64.56±5.20Bc 47.47±3.85Ac 143.21±5.52Bd 84.47±2.61Ac
    155 63.07±2.30Ad 38.55±5.10Ab 44.53±5.72Ad 56.93±4.27Ac 107.60±5.65Be 95.48±6.84Ac
    注:表中数据为平均值±标准差(重复3次),同行不同大写字母表示不同无性系间差异显著(P < 0.05),同列不同小写字母表示各处理间差异显著(P < 0.05)。表 3同。Notes: Values are mean ± SD(n=3), and different capital letters in the same row indicate significant difference among tree species at P < 0.05 level,while different small letters in the same column indicate significant difference among treatments at P < 0.05 level. The same for Tab. 3.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  NaCl胁迫对白榆无性系不同器官K+/Na+的影响

    Table  3.   Changes of K+/Na+ in different organs of elm clones under NaCl stress

    NaCl浓度
    NaCl concentration/
    (mmol·L-1)
    根Root 茎Stem 叶Leaf
    EC7 EC51 EC7 EC51 EC7 EC51
    0 6.27±0.79Bc 1.87±0.05Ad 9.00±0.50Bc 3.94±0.31Ad 3.94±0.21Bd 11.21±1.67Ac
    50 1.99±0.13Bb 0.90±0.03Ac 2.41±0.34Bb 1.63±0.02Ac 2.12±0.09Bc 3.43±0.18Ab
    85 0.56±0.05Ba 0.21±0.02Ab 0.31±0.03Aa 1.20±0.08Bb 0.78±0.03Ab 2.30±0.13Bab
    120 0.21±0.01Ba 0.14±0.01Aa 0.11±0.01Aa 0.40±0.08Ba 0.64±0.05Aab 1.25±0.06Ba
    155 0.09±0.01Aa 0.11±0.02Aa 0.06±0.01Aa 0.17±0.01Ba 0.45±0.02Aa 0.85±0.02Ba
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-09-28
  • 修回日期:  2016-11-20
  • 刊出日期:  2017-05-01

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