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紫薇‘香雪云’香气成分时空动态变化研究

徐婉 蔡明 潘会堂 张启翔

徐婉, 蔡明, 潘会堂, 张启翔. 紫薇‘香雪云’香气成分时空动态变化研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(6): 85-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160289
引用本文: 徐婉, 蔡明, 潘会堂, 张启翔. 紫薇‘香雪云’香气成分时空动态变化研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(6): 85-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160289
XU Wan, CAI Ming, PAN Hui-tang, ZHANG Qi-xiang. Study on spatial-temporal variability of volatile components inLagerstroemia indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(6): 85-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160289
Citation: XU Wan, CAI Ming, PAN Hui-tang, ZHANG Qi-xiang. Study on spatial-temporal variability of volatile components inLagerstroemia indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(6): 85-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160289

紫薇‘香雪云’香气成分时空动态变化研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160289
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31500574

北京市青年英才计划项目 YETP0743

北京市共建项目专项资助 2016GJ-03

福建省科技计划项目 2014N3012

详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐婉, 博士生。主要研究方向:园林植物遗传育种。Email:18101308671@163.com  地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院

    责任作者:

    张启翔, 教授, 博士生导师。主要研究方向:园林植物资源与育种。Email:zqxbjfu@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S685.99

Study on spatial-temporal variability of volatile components inLagerstroemia indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'

  • 摘要: 为了研究紫薇‘香雪云’香气成分的时空动态变化,本文利用顶空-固相微萃取结合气相色谱-质谱(HS-SPME-GC-MS)联用技术,分析‘香雪云’花朵挥发性成分在4个开花时期(半开期、盛开期、盛开末期、衰败期)和盛开期花朵的3个花器官部位(花瓣、雄蕊、雌蕊)中的释放规律。结果表明:1)从紫薇‘香雪云’花朵的4个开花时期中,共检测出80种挥发性成分,分别属于11个类别;倍半萜类、单萜类和苯类化合物是其中具有较高质量分数的化合物类别;α-法尼烯、松香芹酮和苯乙醇等是盛开期中具有较高质量分数的挥发性成分。2)在紫薇‘香雪云’的不同开花阶段,各挥发性成分的释放规律不同;共呈现出6种主要的挥发模式,即持续下降模式、先下降后上升模式、先下降后上升再下降模式、持续上升模式、先上升后下降模式和先上升后下降再上升模式。3)就花器官而言,花瓣中的苯类化合物和萜类化合物的质量分数均较高;雌蕊和雄蕊中则均以萜类化合物为主,但化合物种类及其质量分数也存在较大差异。研究结果为了解紫薇属植物的香气成分奠定了基础,为紫薇香花定向育种提供了依据。

     

  • 图  1  紫薇‘香雪云’不同开花时期花朵挥发性成分的总离子色谱图

    Figure  1.  Total ion chromatogram of volatile components emitted fromLagerstroemia indica 'Xiang Xue Yun' flowers at different developmental stages

    图  2  紫薇‘香雪云’不同开花阶段挥发性成分类别及其含量的变化

    Figure  2.  Changes of different categories of VOCs at different developmental stages ofL. indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'

    图  3  紫薇‘香雪云’不同开花阶段挥发性成分类别及其含量的变化

    Figure  3.  Changes of different categories of VOCs at different developmental stages ofL. indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'

    图  4  紫薇‘香雪云’不同花器官部位挥发性成分种类及数量的变化

    Figure  4.  Changes of component type and number of volatile at different flower organs ofL. indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'

    图  5  紫薇‘香雪云’不同花器官部位挥发性成分类别及其含量的变化

    Figure  5.  Changes of component type and content of volatile at different flower organs ofL. indica 'Xiang Xue Yun'

    表  1  ‘香雪云’不同开花时期及花器官部位释放的挥发性有机成分及质量分数

    Table  1.   Components and mass fraction of volatile organic compounds(VOCs) at different developmental stages and floral organs ofLagerstroemia indica ‘Xiang Xue Yun’

    %
    保留时间
    Retention time
    (Rt)/min
    保留指数
    Retention index
    (RI)
    化合物
    Compound
    质量分数Mass fraction/%
    A B C D E F G
    5.60 761(762) 甲苯Toluene 0.06 Tr 0.20
    9.86 866(868) 反-4-己烯醇Trans-4-hexenol 0.12 0.09
    10.03 869(857) 叶醇Leaf alcohol 0.07
    10.11 871(869) E-3-己烯醇E-3-hexenol 0.16
    10.76 883(874) 5-甲基-3-亚甲基-5-己烯-2-酮
    5-methyl-3-methylene-5-hexen-2-one
    0.03
    11.12 890(892) 苯乙烯Styrene 0.04 0.29
    12.46 917(915) 茴香醚Anisole 0.02 0.22
    13.23 933(930) α-侧柏烯α-thujene 0.08
    14.09 950(946) 莰烯Camphene 0.09
    14.96 966(962) 安息香醛Benzaldehyde 1.84
    17.30 1 006(992) (4E)-4-已烯基乙酯(4E)-4-hexenyl acetate 0.2 0.03 2.44
    17.72 1 015(1 011) 乙酸己酯Hexyl acetate 1.33
    18.01 1 021(1 018) 对-甲基茴香醚p-methylanisole 0.08 1.12 0.31
    18.12 1 023(1 019) o-伞花烃o-cymene 0.57 0.91
    18.36 1 028(1 028) D-柠檬烯D-limonene 0.03 0.03 1.32 3.32 0.20
    18.80 1 037(1 037) 顺-α-罗勒烯cis-α-ocimene 0.02 0.06 0.75 1.45 0.12
    19.00 1 041(1 043) 2-乙基己酸甲酯Methyl2-ethylhexanoate 0.76 0.28 1.99 1.81 0.02 0.28 Tr
    19.33 1 047(1 045) α-甲苯甲醛α-tolualdehyde 16.57 1.83 11.63 33.00 0.22 0.32 1.54
    19.40 1 048(1 046) β-反-罗勒烯β-trans-ocimene 14.32 0.58 Tr
    19.99 1 060(1 066) 2-异丙基-5-甲基-1-己醇
    2-isopropyl-5-methyl-1-hexanol
    0.17
    20.30 1 065(1 051) 苯甲醇Benzyl alcohol 0.07
    21.16 1 080(1 068) β-苯乙基甲酯β-phenylethyl methyl ether 0.05
    21.32 1 083(1 083) 萜品油烯Terpinolene 0.24 0.77
    21.72 1 090(1 119) 顺-马鞭草烯酮cis-verbenone Tr 0.55 0.61 2.38 0.31 2.31 0.55
    22.03 1 095(1 099) 紫苏烯Perillen Tr 0.57 0.03 0.70 0.45
    22.61 1 106(1 111) 玫瑰醚Rose oxide 0.03 0.04 1.55 1.37 0.01 0.80
    22.76 1 110(1 114) 松香芹酮Pinocarvone 0.88 21.66 11.26 24.80 16.31 13.60 14.82
    23.00 1 115(1 116) 苯乙醇Phenylethyl alcohol 33.54 11.85 36.71
    23.45 1 125(1 127) 反-玫瑰醚trans-rose oxide 0.32 1.85
    24.20 1 141(1 142) 苯乙腈Benzyl nitrile 1.42 0.27 0.70 1.46
    24.80 1 154(1 151) β-香茅醛β-citronellal 0.55 0.08 0.18 0.04
    26.01 1 178(1 177) 苯乙酸甲酯Methyl phenylacetate 0.15 0.10 0.14 0.02
    26.64 1 190(1 191) 1-十二烯1-dodecene Tr 0.03 0.70 0.02 Tr 0.23
    27.04 1 197(1 195) 龙蒿脑Estragole 0.38 0.15 1.14 Tr 4.55 0.11 0.43
    27.47 1 205(1 213) 2-甲基-3-十一醇2-methyl-3-decanol 0.04 0.72
    27.49 1 206(1 207) 癸醛Decanal 0.16 3.49
    28.55 1 230(1 226) 顺-3-己烯基-α-丁酸甲酯
    cis-3-hexenyl-α-methylbutyrate
    0.30 3.14
    29.02 1 240(1 240) β-柠檬醛β-citral 1.03
    29.81 1 257(1 260) 3, 7-二甲基-6-辛烯酸甲酯Methyl citronellate 2.26 0.16 4.82
    29.90 1 259(1 252) p-茴香醛p-anisaldehyde 2.88
    30.44 1 270(1 268) 柠檬醛Citral 1.10 0.02 0.29 Tr 0.01 0.17 0.48
    32.59 1 316 2, 6-二甲基-2, 6-十二二烯
    2, 6-dimethyl-2, 6-dodecadiene
    0.17 0.06 0.19
    32.73 1 319(1 322) 甲酸香叶酯Methyl geranate 4.71 2.09 0.61 46.1
    33.63 1 340(1 350) (5Z)-2, 6, 10-三甲-1, 5, 9-十一三烯
    (5Z)-2, 6, 10-trimethyl-1, 5, 9-undecatriene
    0.22 0.07 0.03
    33.81 1 344 异喇叭烯Isoledene 0.02
    33.86 1 345(1 367) 2, 5-二甲基-2, 5双(过氧化氢)己烷
    2, 5-dimethylhexane-2, 5-dihydroperoxide
    1.22 1.05 12.06 5.17 0.03 0.11 8.39
    34.15 1 352(1 387) 长叶烯-(V4)Longifolene-(V4) 0.03
    35.06 1 372(1 375) α-古巴烯α-copaene 0.16 0.38 0.78 0.87 0.36 0.44 0.91
    36.09 1 395(1 400) 十四烷Tetradecane 0.08 0.05 1.10 0.53 0.02 0.17 1.45
    36.30 1 399(1 394) β-榄香烯β-elemene Tr Tr 0.01 0.04 0.32
    36.41 1 401(1 403) α-古芸烯α-gurjunene 0.08 0.64 0.39 Tr 0.56 0.58 0.31
    36.52 1 404(1 404) 长叶烯Longifolene 0.10 0.02 0.83 0.31 Tr 0.19 1.19
    36.80 1 411(1 415) α-雪松烯α-cedrene 0.11 0.02 0.70 0.40 0.04 0.08 0.38
    36.94 1 414(1 418) β-石竹烯β-caryophyllene 3.17 4.99 5.34 9.82 3.23 4.33 16.33
    37.13 1 419(1 421) β-雪松烯β-cedrene 0.02 Tr Tr Tr 0.06
    37.29 1 423(1 428) 罗汉柏烯Thujopsene Tr 0.06 Tr Tr 0.03 0.07 0.31
    37.37 1 426(1 423) β-荜澄茄油烯β-cubebene 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.07 0.25
    37.57 1 430(1 433) 二氢-β-紫罗兰酮Dihydro-β-ionone 0.02 0.02 0.01 Tr 0.17
    37.76 1 435(1 439) (+)-香橙烯(+)-aromadendrene 0.34
    38.06 1 443(1 431) β-刺柏烯β-gurjunene 0.10 0.11 0.24
    38.21 1 446(1 453) 香叶基丙酮Geranyl acetone 0.09 0.07 2.73 0.06 Tr 0.30
    38.31 1 448(1 447) (Z)-β-金合欢烯(Z)-β-farnesene 0.12 0.34 0.25 0.12 0.59
    38.44 1452(1 455) α-律草烯α-humulene 0.26 0.86 0.64 0.80 0.65 0.87 2.17
    38.61 1456(1 457) 香树烯Allo-aromadendrene 0.30 0.75 0.79 0.91 1.46
    39.12 1468(1 473) τ-古芸烯τ-gurjunene 0.03 0.11 0.11 0.16 0.18
    39.28 1471(1 473) τ-衣兰油烯τ-muurolene 0.08 0.19 Tr 0.15 0.17 0.72
    39.49 1477(1 475) α-紫穗槐烯α-amorphene 0.07 0.33 0.36 0.16 0.05
    39.87 1485(1 496) (Z,E)-α-法尼烯(Z,E)-α-farnesene 0.30 1.96 1.22 Tr 1.12 0.70 1.74
    40.13 1 491(1 499) 瓦伦烯Valencene 0.13 0.45 0.82 0.73 0.8 1.00
    40.24 1 494(1 495) α-衣兰油烯α-muurolene 0.37 0.46 0.44 0.65 3.28
    40.42 1 498(1 503) α-法尼烯α-farnesene 2.50 33.72 6.99 1.98 19.40 5.30 7.54
    40.60 1 503(1 494) α-桉叶烯α-selinene Tr 0.07 0.01 0.18
    40.82 1 508(1 510) τ-杜松烯τ-cadinene 1.13 3.95 2.15 0.40 4.13 6.44 2.66
    41.02 1 514(1 520) δ-杜松烯δ-cadinene 0.66 2.53 1.06 2.27 2.66 3.96 12.12
    41.20 1 518(1 520) (+)-喇叭烯(+)-ledene 0.11 0.84 0.62 0.47 0.16 0.62
    41.76 1 533(1 536) α-杜松烯α-cadinene 0.12 0.36 0.19 0.37 0.48 0.48
    42.71 1 559(1 559) ±-反-橙花叔醇±-trans-nerolidol 0.33 0.31 0.46 0.04 7.30
    42.90 1 562(1 564) 橙花叔醇Nerolidol 0.27 0.15
    43.14 1 568(1 560) 榧素Dendrolasin 0.54 0.84 0.56 0.67 1.00 0.24
    43.67 1 583(1 591) 异丁酸酯Txib 0.73 0.24 3.90 2.40 0.04 0.13 1.29
    44.15 1 594(1 600) 十六烷Hexadecane 0.10 0.10 0.40
    44.64 1 606(1 604) 雪松醇Cedrol 0.28 0.01 0.20
    44.75 1 609(1 594) 胡萝卜醇Carotol 0.95 0.03
    44.90 1 613(1 614) 异愈创木醇Bulnesol 0.18 1.70 0.56 Tr 0.61 0.28 0.43
    45.86 1 639(1 638) 杜松醇Cadinol 0.32 0.83 0.99 Tr 1.03 1.45 3.71
    47.87 1 691(1 700) 正十七烷n-heptadecane 0.08 0.04 3.73 0.64 0.01 0.11 0.40
    48.40 1 705(1 714) E,E-金合欢醛E,E-farnesal 0.49
    49.35 1 732(1 730) 反-金合欢醇trans-farnesol 1.50
    注:A,半开期;B,盛开期;C,盛开末期;D,衰败期;E,花瓣;F,雄蕊;G,雌蕊;Tr,质量分数<0.01%;—,不含该化合物。保留指数列中括号内数值为文献值。Notes: A, middle-opening period; B, full-opening period; C, late-blooming period; D, bloom-declining period; E, petal; F, stamen; G, pistil; Tr, mass fraction is<0.01%; —, not contained this kind of compound. Bracketed value in retention index column is literature value.
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-09-06
  • 修回日期:  2017-02-22
  • 刊出日期:  2017-06-01

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