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南方低山丘陵区泡桐无性系生长和干形综合选择

赵阳 乔杰 王保平 冯延芝 周海江 崔令军 王炜炜 杨代贵

赵阳, 乔杰, 王保平, 冯延芝, 周海江, 崔令军, 王炜炜, 杨代贵. 南方低山丘陵区泡桐无性系生长和干形综合选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 32-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160372
引用本文: 赵阳, 乔杰, 王保平, 冯延芝, 周海江, 崔令军, 王炜炜, 杨代贵. 南方低山丘陵区泡桐无性系生长和干形综合选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 32-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160372
ZHAO Yang, QIAO Jie, WANG Bao-ping, FENG Yan-zhi, ZHOU Hai-jiang, CUI Ling-jun, WANG Wei-wei, YANG Dai-gui. Comprehensive selection of growth and stem form of superior paulownia clones in the hilly region of southern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 32-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160372
Citation: ZHAO Yang, QIAO Jie, WANG Bao-ping, FENG Yan-zhi, ZHOU Hai-jiang, CUI Ling-jun, WANG Wei-wei, YANG Dai-gui. Comprehensive selection of growth and stem form of superior paulownia clones in the hilly region of southern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 32-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160372

南方低山丘陵区泡桐无性系生长和干形综合选择

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160372
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题 2015BAD09B0204

林业公益性行业科研专项 201204705

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵阳。主要研究方向:泡桐遗传改良与定向培育。Email: zhao5980@126.com  地址:450003 河南省郑州市金水区纬五路3号国家林业局泡桐研究开发中心。

    责任作者:

    乔杰,副研究员。主要研究方向:泡桐遗传改良与定向培育。Email: qiaoj3715@163.com  地址:同上。

    王保平,博士,研究员。主要研究方向:泡桐培育、栽培生理生态。Email: bpingwang@163.com  地址:同上。

  • 中图分类号: S722.3+3

Comprehensive selection of growth and stem form of superior paulownia clones in the hilly region of southern China

  • 摘要: 针对南方低山丘陵区缺乏适宜栽培的泡桐优良无性系的现状,本研究以湖北省赤壁市泡桐无性系测定林为对象,对5年生24个泡桐无性系的4个生长性状(胸径、主干高、总材积、接干高/苗干高)和2个干形性状(主干削度、形数)进行了遗传参数估算及性状间的相关性分析,并利用多性状指数法对其进行了评价和选择。结果表明:各性状在无性系间的差异达到显著或极显著水平。胸径和总材积的重复力较大,分别达到0.727 3和0.726 9,其余4个性状的重复力稍小,为0.201 8~0.383 7。4个生长性状间呈极显著的表型和遗传正相关关系,2个干形性状间呈极显著的表型和遗传负相关关系。形数与4个生长性状间均呈极显著的遗传和表型负相关关系。削度与胸径、主干高、接干高/苗干高的遗传正相关关系均达到极显著水平,与胸径、总材积的表型正相关关系分别达到极显著和显著水平。依据建立的多性状指数方程选择出适宜在南方丘陵区栽培的4个优良无性系,分别为609、204、302和207,入选率17%。与CK相比,入选群体的胸径、主干高、总材积、接干高/苗干高、削度和形数的遗传增益分别为3.93%、5.75%、21.84%、13.18%、5.72%和-0.45%,实际增益分别为5.40%、16.75%、30.04%、34.35%、28.34%和-1.62%。

     

  • 图  1  17%入选率下的遗传增益和实际增益

    Figure  1.  Genetic and actual gains under 17% selective ratio

    表  1  参试无性系及其来源

    Table  1.   Origin of Paulownia spp. clones tested in this study

    无性系
    Clone
    来源
    Origin
    204白花泡桐、实生选择P. fortunei, seeding selection
    601毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    602毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    604毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    302兰考泡桐、优树P. elongata, plus tree
    209白花泡桐、实生选择P. fortunei, seeding selection
    606毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    201白花泡桐、优树P. fortunei, plus tree
    501川泡桐P. fargesii
    609毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    301兰考泡桐、优树P. elongata, plus tree
    612毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    102毛泡桐、实生选择P. tomentosa, seeding selection
    610毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    611毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    801毛泡桐×兰考泡桐P. tomentosa×P. elongata
    207白花泡桐、实生选择P. fortunei, seeding selection
    202白花泡桐、实生选择P. fortunei, seeding selection
    205白花泡桐、实生选择P. fortunei, seeding selection
    607毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    608毛泡桐×白花泡桐P. tomentosa×P. fortunei
    401楸叶泡桐、实生选择P. catalpifolia, seeding selection
    毛四Maosi毛泡桐、四倍体P. tomentosa, autotetraploid
    P6(CK)白花泡桐、优树P. fortunei, plus tree
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  方差分析及遗传参数估算

    Table  2.   Variance analysis and genetic parameter estimation

    性状TraitD1.3HtVtH1/ H0βf
    平均值Mean16.116 8 cm6.295 8 m0.097 5 m31.243 90.992 10.757 4
    无性系间FF value of clones4.004 4**2.649 5*4.090 4**2.838 0*2.549 9*1.836 8*
    无性系间方差分量Variance analysis among clones12.855 06.826 00.004 40.963 20.349 00.020 7
    互作方差分量Interaction variance component3.506 24.481 30.001 20.593 60.245 60.015 0
    误差Error3.210 32.576 40.001 10.339 40.136 90.011 3
    无性系重复力Repeatability of clone0.727 30.343 50.726 90.383 70.201 80.278 3
    表型变异系数CV/%13.096 328.909 640.218 753.645 839.945 614.733 9
    遗传变异系数GCV/%22.246 341.498 568.033 378.899 259.546 618.995 9
    注:D1.3为胸径,Ht为主干高,Vt为总材积,H1/H0为接干高/苗干高,β为主干削度,f为形数,*表示差异显著(P<0.05),**表示差异极显著(P<0.01)。下同。Notes: D1.3, Ht, Vt, H1/H0, β and f stand for trunk diameter at breast height, trunk height, total volume growth of the trunk, ratio of extened height to trunk height before pruning, taper of the trunk, trunk form, respectively, * means significant difference at P<0.05 level, ** means extremely significant difference at P<0.01 level. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  泡桐无性系各性状的Duncan’s多重比较结果

    Table  3.   Duncan's test of the Paulownias spp. clone performance

    无性系CloneD1.3/cmHt/mVt/m3H1/H0βf
    20416.853 0±1.609 7abc6.786 6±2.029 7abcd0.116 7±0.036 8ab1.413 2±0.684 2abcd0.848 3±0.325 3def0.776 5±0.101 7abcde
    60116.665 2±1.681 7abcde6.843 5±1.872 5ab0.110 5±0.034 9abc1.370 2±0.671 7abcde1.000 2±0.348 9abcdef0.749 1±0.111 7bcde
    60215.254 6±1.466 1hi5.387 2±1.743 2e0.078 9±0.023 9gh0.882 4±0.637 4h0.816 3±0.374 5ef0.821 3±0.121 4ab
    60417.281 4±2.219 0a6.596 8±1.817 2abcde0.113 6±0.044 4ab1.405 4±0.655 4abcd1.150 6±0.448 4abc0.728 7±0.101 4cde
    20915.629 3±1.691 9defgh6.111 8±1.476 2bcde0.084 9±0.030 6defgh1.173 1±0.561 1bcdefgh1.094 8±0.472 4abcd0.723 5±0.134 9cde
    30216.767 7±2.016 3abcd6.774 3±2.079 9abcd0.110 6±0.043 5ab1.399 3±0.757 2abcd0.810 2±0.261 7f0.738 3±0.103 8bcde
    10216.444 0±2.210 3abcdefgh6.507 4±1.582 9abcde0.104 1±0.037 1abcd1.367 2±0.736 1abcde0.942 6±0.338 0bcdef0.748 8±0.091 8bcde
    61015.371 5±3.224 1ghi6.375 8±2.360 1abcde0.099 7±0.064 2abcdefg1.279 9±0.869 8abcdefg0.955 2±0.347 3bcdef0.778 5±0.115 3abcd
    61115.627 9±2.467 6defghi6.245 7±1.798 2bcde0.093 7±0.048 4bcdefgh1.234 2±0.629 9bcdefgh0.981 6±0.282 2abcdef0.738 6±0.105 2bcde
    80116.540 8±1.918 7abcdefg5.331 7±1.401 7e0.095 3±0.026 2bcdefgh0.900 2±0.544 3gh1.075 2±0.285abcdef0.841 3±0.093 2a
    30115.454 3±2.119 5fghi5.339 0±1.970 2e0.080 1±0.038 9fgh0.888 3±0.720 7gh0.997 9±0.32abcdef0.800 7±0.12abcd
    61215.534 0±2.380 5efghi5.786 7±1.671 7bcde0.083 1±0.029 8efgh0.946 3±0.475 7fgh1.070 8±0.494 6abcdef0.767 2±0.131 4abcde
    20716.211 7±1.720 7abcdefgh7.325 9±1.554 5a0.110 5±0.036 5abc1.642 6±0.566a0.843 8±0.327 3ef0.720 3±0.110 7de
    20215.309 3±1.219 0hi5.579 6±1.544 2cde0.077 6±0.016 6gh1.040 2±0.601 3defgh1.086 7±0.416 5abcde0.777 9±0.117 1abcd
    60616.371 1±2.203 0abcdefgh6.806 4±1.819 4abc0.099 9±0.033 2abcdef1.339 4±0.631abcdef1.206±0.362 1ab0.698 4±0.120 9e
    20116.561 0±2.487 3abcdef6.669 2±2.192 3abcd0.107 3±0.049 3abcd1.391 8±0.783 2abcd0.901 0±0.349 2cdef0.742 4±0.129 7bcde
    50116.201 0±1.682 9bcdefgh6.947 4±1.671 1ab0.105 0±0.033 1abcd1.493 5±0.617 2abc0.945 7±0.279 6bcdef0.733 7±0.113 3cde
    60917.105 1±1.433 0ab6.955 3±1.822 1ab0.119 0±0.036 7a1.568 3±0.694 3ab0.904 6±0.590 2bcdef0.747 1±0.107 2bcde
    20515.764 6±1.930 1cdefgh6.318 6±1.546 5abcde0.092 0±0.035 5bcdefgh1.301 9±0.582 1abcdef0.884 6±0.371 4cdef0.730 3±0.088 8cde
    60716.539 8±2.557 2abcdefgh6.262 9±1.708abcde0.100 1±0.039 5abcde1.281 2±0.621 8abcdefg0.917 0±0.510 7bcdef0.754 0±0.100 9bcde
    60816.508 5±2.602 8abcdefgh5.937 1±1.851 7bcde0.098 2±0.051 1abcdefgh1.123 5±0.663 7cdefgh1.086 9±0.322 2abcd0.763 9±0.1114bcde
    40116.547 1±1.324 3abcdefg6.432 6±1.634 3abcde0.100 8±0.024 1abcde1.219 2±0.610 4bcdefgh1.259 0±0.416 8a0.746 9±0.115bcde
    毛四Maosi14.599 3±2.293 9i5.526 2±1.981 8de0.075 8±0.036h0.983 4±0.695 3efgh0.859 8±0.244 7cdef0.802 6±0.120 4abc
    P6(CK)15.876 3±1.313 3cdefgh5.961 8±1.654 6bcde0.087 8±0.026 8cdefgh1.120 7±0.549 1cdefgh1.188 5±0.458 1ab0.757 8±0.112 6bcde
    注:表中同列数字后不同字母表示P<0.05水平上差异显著。Note: Data with different letters within the same column are significantly different at P<0.05 level according to ANOVA analysis and Ducan’s multiple comparisons.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  泡桐无性系各性状间的相关系数

    Table  4.   Correlation coefficients among traits of Paulownia spp. clones

    性状TraitD1.3HtVtH1/H0βf
    D1.30.330 3**0.860 5**0.318 5**0.169 1**-0.162 3**
    Ht1.085 2**0.659 7**0.959 2**0.003 0-0.844 7**
    Vt0.996 0**1.042 2**0.636 6**0.008 3*-0.348 3**
    H1/H01.143 9**0.987 0**1.084 5**-0.002 2-0.818 5**
    β0.335 2**0.245 8**0.070 70.182 4**-0.244 8**
    f-0.741 8**-0.794 6**-0.709 2**-0.678 3**-0.778 7**
    注:左下角为遗传相关系数,右上角为表型相关系数。*表示相关关系达到显著水平(P<0.05),**表示相关关系达到极显著水平(P<0.01)。Notes: phenotypic correlation coefficients in the upper triangle, and genetic correlation coefficients in the below triangle. * and ** represent significant correlations at P<0.05 level and P<0.01 level, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  各性状经济权重及估算方法

    Table  5.   Economic weight and estimation method of 6 traits

    方法
    Method
    指数方程
    Selection index
    经济权重Economic weight
    D1.3HtVtH1/H0βf
    等权重Equal weightI10.473 80.546 225.562 31.498 6-2.523 78.851 6
    I20.473 80.546 225.562 31.498 6-2.523 7
    I30.473 80.546 225.562 31.498 68.851 6
    强调生长Strengthening growthI41.421 31.638 676.687 04.495 8-2.523 78.851 6
    I51.421 31.638 676.687 04.495 8-2.523 7
    I61.421 31.638 676.687 04.495 88.851 6
    强调干形Strengthening stem formI70.473 80.546 225.562 31.498 6-7.571 026.554 8
    I80.473 80.546 225.562 31.498 6-7.571 0
    I90.473 80.546 225.562 31.498 626.554 8
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  生长和干形性状配合的指数方程和综合选择进展

    Table  6.   Combined selection progress and selection index equation with growth and stem form

    序号No.性状配合及指数方程式Selection index equation with various traits综合选择进展ΔI
    Comprehensive selection progress
    I11.666 9x1+0.220 0x2-77.282 7x3+6.666 8x4+0.110 8x5+25.282 2x62.333 2
    I20.972 1x1-1.633 9x2+3.564 0x3+5.968 1x4-0.423 9x52.477 6
    I31.898 2x1+0.835 8x2-89.799 2x3+4.841 5x4+21.837 8x62.296 6
    I45.189 0x1+0.547 3x2-205.816 4x3+16.672 8x4+1.318 1x5+52.189 0x67.350 3
    I53.470 2x1-3.298 7x2-28.279 0x3+14.718 9x4-0.279 5x57.475 8
    I65.460 0x1+1.023 6x2-216.140 0x3+14.502 1x4+44.776 0x67.362 3
    I71.478 5x1+0.332 9x2-103.314 4x3+9.994 2x4-0.875 0x5+48.939 8x62.813 8
    I80.418 0x1-3.237 0x2+42.534 8x3+9.153 5x4-1.416 1x52.646 1
    I92.133 0x1+2.319 4x2-143.057 0x3+4.864 0x4+42.575 2x62.176 2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  指数方程中各性状的遗传进展

    Table  7.   Genetic progress on the traits of all selection indices

    序号No.D1.3HtVtH1/H0βf
    I11.567 80.816 30.028 20.329 1-0.029 2-0.016 1
    I21.551 00.883 90.027 50.368 3-0.002 2
    I31.602 70.871 20.028 70.350 0-0.022 4
    I41.625 20.902 40.028 90.360 90.007 9-0.029 0
    I51.564 40.913 00.027 60.374 90.019 2
    I61.615 40.906 30.028 80.366 1-0.030 8
    I70.954 70.350 10.017 90.148 7-0.117 60.022 5
    I81.389 20.731 30.024 80.320 3-0.062 5
    I91.300 30.611 50.024 00.238 60.009 6
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  泡桐无性系各性状的均值

    Table  8.   Means of 6 traits of Paulownia spp. clones and its value of index formula

    系号Clone No.D1.3 /cmHt/mVt/m3H1/H0βf
    60917.105 16.955 30.119 01.568 30.904 60.747 1
    20416.853 06.786 60.116 71.413 10.848 30.776 5
    30216.767 76.774 30.110 61.399 30.810 20.738 3
    20716.211 77.325 90.110 51.642 60.843 70.720 3
    P6(CK)15.876 35.961 80.087 81.120 81.188 50.757 8
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-11-28
  • 修回日期:  2017-03-02
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