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大兴安岭南段马鹿日活动节律的季节变化研究

陈琛 胡磊 陈照娟 姜秀丽 乌力吉 王晓玲 鲍伟东

陈琛, 胡磊, 陈照娟, 姜秀丽, 乌力吉, 王晓玲, 鲍伟东. 大兴安岭南段马鹿日活动节律的季节变化研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(4): 55-62. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160390
引用本文: 陈琛, 胡磊, 陈照娟, 姜秀丽, 乌力吉, 王晓玲, 鲍伟东. 大兴安岭南段马鹿日活动节律的季节变化研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(4): 55-62. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160390
CHEN Chen, HU Lei, CHEN Zhao-juan, JIANG Xiu-li, WU Li-ji, WANG Xiao-ling, BAO Wei-dong. Variations in seasonal activity pattern of red deer in southern part of Daxing'an Ling Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(4): 55-62. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160390
Citation: CHEN Chen, HU Lei, CHEN Zhao-juan, JIANG Xiu-li, WU Li-ji, WANG Xiao-ling, BAO Wei-dong. Variations in seasonal activity pattern of red deer in southern part of Daxing'an Ling Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(4): 55-62. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160390

大兴安岭南段马鹿日活动节律的季节变化研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160390
基金项目: 

“十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目 2008BADB0B0104

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈琛。主要研究方向:保护生物学。Email: bjfuchenchen@163.com  地址:100083  北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院

    责任作者:

    鲍伟东,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:动物生态学。Email: wdbao@bjfu.edu.cn  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.65;Q958.1

Variations in seasonal activity pattern of red deer in southern part of Daxing'an Ling Mountains, northeastern China

  • 摘要: 为探明马鹿日活动节律的季节性变化特点,利用自动红外相机技术,于2011年9月至2012年8月在内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区对该地区的马鹿进行了调查研究。结果发现:马鹿日活动节律存在显著的季节性变化(χ2= 7.905,P=0.048),秋冬两季的活动强度最强,春夏两季的活动强度类似;春夏两季,日活动强度在林缘开阔地生境和林间生境中不存在显著差异(Z=-0.210,P=0.834)。马鹿出现晨昏活动两个高峰时段(春季05:00、19:00,夏季00:00、20:00),繁殖需求、食物资源和气候条件可能是造成这一变化的主要原因。在上述两种生境中的活动强度不存在显著差异,说明在本研究区域内马鹿的活动很少受到生境结构变化的影响。本研究结果有助于监测保护区内马鹿的种群对不同生境的季节性选择情况,为保护区更为有效地管理野生动物提供数据支持。

     

  • 图  1  研究区域植被类型及红外相机布放位点

    红色表示林缘开阔地样点,蓝色表示林间样点。

    Figure  1.  Vegetation types and location of infrared cameras at the study area

    Red means plots in open habitat; Blue means plots in forest habitat.

    图  2  2011年秋季各时间段拍摄到的马鹿活动频次数

    以连续的24个1 h记录间隔(00:00、01:00、…、23:00,其中00:00对应的时间段为1,依次类推23:00对应的时间段为24)来标记每天的时间段。下同。

    Figure  2.  Total activity frequency of red deer photographed in autumn, 2011

    Dividing the time into 24 intervals per day (00:00, 01:00, …, 23:00 for a time period corresponding to 1, 23:00 for 24). The same below.

    图  3  2011年冬季各时间段拍摄到的马鹿活动频次数

    Figure  3.  Total activity frequency of red deer photographed in winter, 2011

    图  4  2012年春季各时间段拍摄到的马鹿活动频次数

    Figure  4.  Total activity frequency of red deer photographed in spring, 2012

    图  5  2012年夏季各时间段拍摄到的马鹿活动频次数

    Figure  5.  Total activity frequency of red deer photographed in summer, 2012

    图  6  马鹿日活动模式季节性变化

    Figure  6.  Seasonal changes in the daily activity patterns of red deer

    图  7  春季开阔地和林间生境条件下马鹿日活动模式对比

    Figure  7.  Comparison in daily activity patterns of red deer under open and forest habitats in spring

    图  8  夏季开阔地和林间生境条件下马鹿日活动模式对比

    Figure  8.  Comparison in daily activity patterns of red deer under open and forest habitats in summer

    表  1  2012年红外相机布放位点

    Table  1.   Locations of infrared cameras in 2012

    样点编号
    Plot No.
    植被类型
    Vegetation type
    开阔度
    Openness
    GPS位点及海拔
    GPS site and altitude
    O1落叶松林缘Larch forest edge开阔Open habitat44°13′16″ N,118°42′46″ E,1 164 m
    O2落叶松林缘Larch forest edge开阔Open habitat44°13′00″ N,118°42′51″ E,1 172 m
    O3落叶松林缘Larch forest edge开阔Open habitat44°13′17″ N,118°42′37″ E,1 173 m
    O4蒙古栎林缘Mongolian oak forest edge开阔Open habitat44°13′12″ N,118°42′37″ E,1 185 m
    O5白桦、蒙古栎混杂林缘Mixed forest edge of birch and Mongolian oak开阔Open habitat44°12′43″ N,118°42′58″ E,1 200 m
    O6白桦、蒙古栎混杂林缘Mixed forest edge of birch and Mongolian oak开阔Open habitat44°12′30″ N,118°43′05″ E,1 210 m
    O7落叶松林缘Larch forest edge开阔Open habitat44°12′18″ N,118°43′04″ E,1 219 m
    O8落叶松林缘Larch forest edge开阔Open habitat44°12′01″ N,118°42′58″ E,1 243 m
    O9白桦、蒙古栎、山丁子林缘Mixed forest edge of birch, Mongolian oak and Malus baccata开阔Open habitat44°11′28″ N,118°43′16″ E,1 298 m
    F1落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°13′29″ N,118°42′29″ E,1 143 m
    F2落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°13′03″ N,118°42′56″ E,1 156 m
    F3落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°13′23″ N,118°42′37″ E,1 161 m
    F4落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°13′10″ N,118°42′50″ E,1 168 m
    F5落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°12′58″ N,118°42′56″ E,1 170 m
    F6落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°12′56″ N,118°42′55″ E,1 176 m
    F7落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°13′06″ N,118°42′48″ E,1 177 m
    F8落叶松林Larch forest林间Forest habitat44°12′23″ N,118°43′10″ E,1 202 m
    F9白桦、蒙古栎、落叶松混合林Mixed forest of birch, Mongolian oak and larch林间Forest habitat44°12′36″ N,118°43′03″ E,1 206 m
    注:O表示林缘开阔地;F表示林间。Notes: O means open habitat; F means forest habitat.
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-11-28
  • 修回日期:  2017-01-17
  • 刊出日期:  2017-04-01

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