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长白山木本植物性别系统及其生态关联性

王熊 王戈戎 夏富才 倪成才 孙越 刘宝东 高伟 周海城

王熊, 王戈戎, 夏富才, 倪成才, 孙越, 刘宝东, 高伟, 周海城. 长白山木本植物性别系统及其生态关联性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(5): 58-64. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160404
引用本文: 王熊, 王戈戎, 夏富才, 倪成才, 孙越, 刘宝东, 高伟, 周海城. 长白山木本植物性别系统及其生态关联性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(5): 58-64. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160404
WANG Xiong, WANG Ge-rong, XIA Fu-cai, NI Cheng-cai, SUN Yue, LIU Bao-dong, GAO Wei, ZHOU Hai-cheng. Sexual system and ecological links of woody plants in Changbai Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(5): 58-64. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160404
Citation: WANG Xiong, WANG Ge-rong, XIA Fu-cai, NI Cheng-cai, SUN Yue, LIU Bao-dong, GAO Wei, ZHOU Hai-cheng. Sexual system and ecological links of woody plants in Changbai Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(5): 58-64. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160404

长白山木本植物性别系统及其生态关联性

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160404
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目 2012BAC01B03

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王熊。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email: 939420107@qq.com   地址:132013  吉林省吉林市丰满区华山路3999号北华大学林学院

    责任作者:

    夏富才,副教授。主要研究方向:植物生态学。Email: 544290968qq.com   地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.3;S718.45

Sexual system and ecological links of woody plants in Changbai Mountains, northeastern China

  • 摘要: 植物性别系统影响生态系统组成及种群进化,同时受多种生态因子影响。为了分析长白山木本植物性别系统分布及其生态关联性,本文调查了长白山不同海拔木本植物206种,对其花部特征、果实类型、生活型、传粉特征进行了详细观察与记录。运用卡方检验和多元Logistic回归的方法分析了上述特征与植物性别系统之间的关联性,对比了长白山与其他植物群落木本植物的性别系统的组成,探讨了影响木本植物性别系统组成的因素及其繁殖策略。研究结果表明,长白山木本植物性别系统中51.9%为雌雄同体、18.5%为雌雄同株、29.6%为雌雄异株,随着海拔高度的增加,雌雄同株和雌雄异株的比例增大,雌雄同体植物比例明显高于北美洲温带森林;灌木与雌雄同体植物显著相关,乔木与雌雄同株和雌雄异株植物显著相关;白色大型单花、两侧对称、虫媒传粉、肉果等特征与雌雄同体显著相关,黄绿色小花组成的花序、辐射对称、风媒或泛化传粉方式、干果等特征与雌雄同株与雌雄异株显著相关。长白山木本植物繁育系统组成与植物种系发生有关,又体现了与昆虫多样性变化的协同进化关系。

     

  • 表  1  植物表型特征及其分类

    Table  1.   Plant phenotypic characteristics and categories

    植物特征Plant characteristics 分类Category
    生活型Life form 灌木、乔木Shrub,tree
    花排列方式Floral clustering 单花、花序Single flower,inflorescene
    花的大小Floral size 花的直径:小型花≤0.5 cm;中型花0.5~1 cm;大型花≥1 cm Flower diameter:small is ≤0.5 cm; medium is 0.5~1 cm; large is ≥1 cm
    花的颜色Floral color 白色、(绿)褐色、黄-绿色、粉-红色、蓝-紫色White,(green)brown,yellow-green,pink-red,blue-purple
    花对称性Floral symmetry 辐射对称、两侧对称Actinomorphic,zygomorphic
    传粉综合征Pollination syndrome 泛化传粉、专化传粉、风媒Generalist entomophily,specialist entomophily,anemophily
    果实类型Fruit type 干果、肉果Dry fruit,fleshy fruit
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  长白山木本植物性别系统与植物表型特征及植被分布带的相关性

    Table  2.   Association of sexual system with plant phenotypic characteristics and vegetation distribution pattern in Changbai Mountains

    植物特征
    Plant characteristics
    雌雄同株Monoecy 雌雄异株Dioecy 雌雄同体Hermaphroditism
    观测值
    Observation
    value
    期望值
    Expectation
    value
    观测值
    Observation
    value
    期望值
    Expectation
    value
    观测值
    Observation
    value
    期望值
    Expectation
    value
    花色Flower color χ2=144.061 P < 0.001 n=206
      白色White 0 10.5 1 16.9 56 29.6
      黄-绿色Yellow-green 28 19 58 30.5 17 53.5
      (绿)褐色(Green)brown 6 1.5 2 2.4 0 4.2
      粉-红色Pink-red 3 4.4 0 7.1 21 12.5
      蓝-紫色Blue-purple 1 2.6 0 4.1 13 7.3
    花的尺寸Flower size χ2=98.102 P < 0.001 n=206
      小型Small 38 25.1 61 40.3 37 70.6
      中型Medium 0 10 0 16 54 28
      大型Large 0 3 0 4.7 16 8.3
    花的对称性Flower symmetry χ2=16.094 P < 0.001 n=206
      辐射对称Actinomorphic 37 33.8 60 54.2 86 95.1
      两侧对称Zygomorphic 1 4.2 1 6.8 21 11.9
    花排列方式Flower clustering χ2=60.212 P < 0.001 n=206
      单花Single flower 15 19.4 9 31.1 81 54.5
      花序Inflorescence 23 18.6 52 29.9 26 52.5
    果实类型Fruit type χ2=35.516 P < 0.001 n=206
      干果Dry fruit 36 24.6 47 39.1 49 68.6
      肉果Fleshy fruit 2 13.7 14 21.9 58 38.4
    生活型Life form χ2=73.454 P < 0.001 n=206
      灌木Shrub 6 24.7 32 39.7 96 69.6
      乔木Tree 32 13.3 29 21.3 11 37.4
    传粉综合征Pollination syndrome χ2=142.841 P < 0.001 n=206
      专化专粉Specialist entomophily 0 12.4 0 19.8 67 34.8
      泛化传粉Generalist entomophily 8 12.4 19 19.8 40 34.8
      风媒Anemophily 30 13.3 42 21.3 0 37.4
    植被分布带Vegetation distribution χ2=6.142 P>0.05 n=304
      高山冻原带Alpine tundra 4 3 5 4.3 6 7.6
      岳桦林Subalpine birch forest 7 3.4 3 4.9 7 8.7
      暗针叶林Dark coniferous forest 16 17.5 25 25.2 46 44.4
      阔叶红松林Broadleaved Korea pine forest 34 37.1 55 53.6 96 94.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  长白山植物性别系统多项Logistic回归分析

    Table  3.   Multivariate logistic regression analysis of sexual system of Changbai Mountains

    性别系统a
    Sexual system
    系数值 B
    Coefficient value
    卡方值
    Chi-quare value
    优势比
    Odds ratio
    雌雄同株
    Monoecy
    雌雄异株
    Dioecy
    雌雄同株
    Monoecy
    雌雄异株
    Dioecy
    雌雄同株
    Monoecy
    雌雄异株
    Dioecy
    花色Flower color
      白色White -15.647 14.352 0 166.492 1.60×10-7 1 709 834
      黄-绿色Yellow-green 3.237 18.795 6.472 . 25.45 1.45×108
      (绿)褐色(Green)brown 21.823 35.408 0 0 3.0×109 2.38×1015
      粉-红色Pink-red 3.045 2.553 3.743 0 21 12.85
      蓝-紫色Blue-purple 0 b 0 b . . . .
    花的尺寸Flower size
      小型Small 19.864 13.276 0 0 4.23×108 583 271.6
      中型Medium -9.8 -16.474 0 0 5.55×10-5 7.0×10-8
      大型Large 0 b 0 b . . . .
    花的对称性Flower symmetry
      辐射对称Actinomorphic -11.398 -12.593 0 0 1.12×10-5 3.40×10-6
      两侧对称Zygomorphic 0 b 0 b . . . .
    花排列方式Flower clustering
      单花Single flower 0.237 -0.955 0.086 1.505 1.268 0.385
      花序Inflorescence 0 b 0 b . . . .
    果实类型Fruit type
      干果Dry fruit -1.662 -2.639 1.479 5.707 0.19 0.071
      肉果Fleshy fruit 0 b 0 b . . . .
    生活型Life form
      灌木Shrub -3.686 -2.162 9.612 3.718 0.025 0.115
      乔木Tree 0 b 0 b . . . .
    传粉综合征Pollination syndrome
      专化专粉Specialist entomophily -42.022 -43.72 0 0 5.62×10-19 1.03×10-19
      泛化传粉Generalist entomophily -22.724 -22.922 1 149.152 . 1.35×10-10 1.11×10-10
      风媒Anemophily 0 b 0 b . . . .
    植被分布带Vegetation distribution
      阔叶红松林Broadleaved Korea pine forest 2.274 2.586 9.722 0.747 0.527 2.111
      暗针叶林Dark coniferous forest -0.27 0.413 0.763 0.049 0.021 1.05
      岳桦林Subalpine brich forest 2.836 5.004 17.052 -1.604 1.453 0.201
      冻原带Alpine tundra 0.219 0.024 1.245 2.27 2.274 9.676
    注:a表示参照种类为雌雄同体;b为此参数设置为零,因为它是冗余的。Notes:a,reference types are hermaphrodite;b,the parameter is set to zero,since it is redundant.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-12-21
  • 修回日期:  2017-03-20
  • 刊出日期:  2017-05-01

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