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3种内吸性杀虫剂对光肩星天牛幼虫的林间防治效果

王嘉冰 徐智文 薛羿 刘英胜 严善春

王嘉冰, 徐智文, 薛羿, 刘英胜, 严善春. 3种内吸性杀虫剂对光肩星天牛幼虫的林间防治效果[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(7): 62-68. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170033
引用本文: 王嘉冰, 徐智文, 薛羿, 刘英胜, 严善春. 3种内吸性杀虫剂对光肩星天牛幼虫的林间防治效果[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(7): 62-68. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170033
WANG Jia-bing, XU Zhi-wen, XUE Yi, LIU Ying-sheng, YAN Shan-chun. Field control efficiencies of three systemic insecticides on Anoplophora glabripennis larvae[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(7): 62-68. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170033
Citation: WANG Jia-bing, XU Zhi-wen, XUE Yi, LIU Ying-sheng, YAN Shan-chun. Field control efficiencies of three systemic insecticides on Anoplophora glabripennis larvae[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(7): 62-68. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170033

3种内吸性杀虫剂对光肩星天牛幼虫的林间防治效果

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170033
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目 2012BAD19B0704

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王嘉冰。主要研究方向:昆虫化学生态。Email:714831661@qq.com  地址:150040  黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    严善春,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:昆虫化学生态。Email:yanshanchun@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S763.38

Field control efficiencies of three systemic insecticides on Anoplophora glabripennis larvae

  • 摘要: 为了筛选高效低毒杀虫药剂,防治光肩星天牛幼虫,本次试验选用的被害树种为馒头柳,采用树干输液法,选用氯虫苯甲酰胺、氟虫双酰胺和吡虫啉3种内吸性杀虫剂进行林间防治试验。3种杀虫剂的质量浓度分别设为:氯虫苯甲酰胺2、4、8 g/L,氟虫双酰胺0.6、1.2、2.4 g/L,吡虫啉2.8、5.6、11.2 g/L。结果发现,氯虫苯甲酰胺、氟虫双酰胺和吡虫啉对幼虫的防治效果分别为37.7%~54.5%、41.9%~66.0%和59.1%~86.4%。防治后,氯虫苯甲酰胺和氟虫双酰胺处理组的树干上无新产卵刻痕,吡虫啉处理组的树干上,有新产卵刻痕的株数占总株数的1/7,产卵刻痕密度为0.57个/株;对照组树干中,有新产卵刻痕的株数占总株数的50%~60%,产卵刻痕密度为2.0~2.2个/株。说明这3种杀虫剂对光肩星天成虫产卵行为具有不同程度的驱避作用。因此,这3种内吸性杀虫剂对光肩星天牛虫口密度的有效控制及降低其对林木的危害具有潜在价值。

     

  • 图  1  样地A被害柳树分布概况

    Figure  1.  Distribution condition of damaged willows in plot A

    图  2  样地C被害柳树分布情况

    Figure  2.  Distribution condition of damaged willows in plot C

    图  3  3块样地的相对位置

    Figure  3.  Relative position of three sample plots

    表  1  样地柳树受危害情况

    Table  1.   Injury states of willows in three sample plots

    样地
    Sample plot
    受害株数
    Damaged willow number
    新排粪孔数
    New frass hole number
    虫口密度/(个·株-1)
    Population density/(hole·tree-1)
    A722813.90
    B26602.31
    C381243.26
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  预防治试验后天牛幼虫在4 d内的死亡率

    Table  2.   Mortalities of larvae in 4 days after pre-testing

    杀虫剂
    Insecticide
    质量浓度
    Mass concentration/(g·L-1)
    防治前活虫数
    Survival numberbefore prevention
    防治后活虫数
    Survival number after prevention
    死亡数
    Death number
    死亡率
    Mortality/%
    氯虫苯甲酰胺Chlorantraniliprole0.5191900
    1.0222114.5
    2.01815316.7
    氟虫双酰胺Flubendiamide0.3201915
    0.61613318.8
    1.21914526.3
    空白对照CK0151500
    合计Total1291161310.1%
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  3种杀虫剂对光肩星天牛幼虫的防治效果

    Table  3.   Control efficiencies of three insecticides on A. glabripennis larvae


    Group
    质量浓度
    Massconcentration/(g·L-1)
    株数
    Tree number
    新排粪孔数
    New frass hole number
    新羽化孔数
    New emergencehole number
    死亡数
    Death number
    死亡率
    Mortality/%
    校正死亡率
    Corrected mortality/%
    氯虫苯甲酰胺Chlorantraniliprole25148642.937.7
    44125758.354.5
    8512665045.5
    氟虫双酰胺Flubendiamide0.65158746.741.9
    1.2415696056.4
    2.451651168.866.0
    吡虫啉Imidacloprid2.851661062.559.1
    5.641331076.974.8
    11.251621487.586.4
    溶剂对照Solvent CK4121118.3
    空白对照Blank CK5111019.1
    合计Total51152708253.9
    样地B Sample plot B26605823.3
    样地C Sample plot C3812411954.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  3种杀虫剂最佳防效的χ2检验结果

    Table  4.   Chi-square test results of best control efficiencies of three insecticides

    检验组Tested groupχ2dfP
    氯虫苯甲酰胺Chlorantraniliprile、氟虫双酰胺Flubendiamide0.32410.430
    氯虫苯甲酰胺Chlorantraniliprole、吡虫啉Imidacloprid3.11110.093
    氟虫双酰胺Flubendiamide、吡虫啉Imidacloprid1.64610.197
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  样地A中各组间天牛的产卵情况

    Table  5.   Beetles' oviposition states of each group in sample plot A


    Group
    杀虫剂
    Insecticide
    总株数
    Total tree number
    新产卵刻痕株数
    Tree number with new oviposition pit number
    无新产卵刻痕株数
    Tree number without new oviposition pit number
    新产卵刻痕数
    New oviposition pit number
    产卵刻痕密度/(个·株-1)
    Oviposition pit density/(pit·tree-1)
    处理组Treatment氯虫苯甲酰胺Chlorantraniliprole1401400
    氟虫双酰胺Flubendiamide1401400
    吡虫啉Imidacloprid1421280.57
    对照组Control溶剂Solvent42282
    空白Blank532112.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  样地A各组间天牛成虫产卵情况的χ2检验结果

    Table  6.   Chi-square test results of beetles' oviposition states of each group in sample plot A

    检验组Tested groupχ2dfP
    双酰胺类杀虫剂Diamide insecticides吡虫啉Imidacloprid2.15410.241
    溶剂对照Solvent CK7.87510.039
    空白对照Blank CK9.97510.010
    吡虫啉Imidacloprid溶剂对照Solvent CK2.29610.178
    空白对照Blank CK3.97110.078
    溶剂对照Solvent CK空白对照Blank CK0.09010.476
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-02-08
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