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云顶山草本植物功能群研究

刘建荣

刘建荣. 云顶山草本植物功能群研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 76-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170066
引用本文: 刘建荣. 云顶山草本植物功能群研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 76-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170066
LIU Jian-rong. Plant functional groups of the herbs of plant communities in Yunding Mountain, Shanxi of northern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 76-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170066
Citation: LIU Jian-rong. Plant functional groups of the herbs of plant communities in Yunding Mountain, Shanxi of northern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 76-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170066

云顶山草本植物功能群研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170066
基金项目: 

科技部科技基础性工作专项 2011FY110300

科技部科技基础性工作专项 015FY110300

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘建荣,高级工程师。主要研究方向:森林生态保护与管理。Email: jrliu032104@163.com  地址:032104  山西省文水县开栅镇关帝山国有林管理局

  • 中图分类号: S759.94; S718.3

Plant functional groups of the herbs of plant communities in Yunding Mountain, Shanxi of northern China

  • 摘要: 植物功能群是植被生态学研究的重要领域之一。通过对植物功能群的研究有助于揭示植物群落的结构和功能,了解植物群落的物种多样性、功能多样性、谱系多样性和演替规律,同时,可为植被恢复和重建提供科学依据。根据野外样方的调查资料,采用Fisher精确检验和Spearman秩相关系数检验,并结合聚类分析对山西云顶山自然保护区草本植物优势种的植物功能群进行了研究。结果表明:1)Fisher's精确检验结果表明,有46个种对正关联极显著(P<0.01),有5个种对负关联极显著(P<0.01);有24种对正关联显著(P<0.05),有10个种对负关联显著(P<0.05);有996个种对关联不显著(P>0.05)。2)Spearman秩相关系数检验有72个种对正相关极显著(P<0.01),有9个种对负相关极显著(P<0.01);有33种对正关联显著(P<0.05),有8个种对负关联显著(P<0.05);有959个种对相关不显著(P>0.05)。3)经Fisher精确检验关联不显著(P>0.05)的种对(996)占总种对的92.14%,而经Spearman秩相关系数检验相关不显著(P>0.05)的种对(959)占总种对的88.71%,这意味着草本植物优势种间的生态位存在较为明显的分化。4)综合Fisher精确检验和Spearman秩相关系和聚类分析的结果,将云顶山自然保护区草本植物划分为5个功能群:亚高山草甸植物功能群、中山草丛植物功能群、低山草丛植物功能群、森林和灌丛植物功能群和森林植物功能群。云顶山植物功能群与植物群落类型、生境、植物生活型和生态位等有密切关系。

     

  • 图  1  47种草本植物优势种Fisher精确检验半矩阵

    +.不显著正关联Not significantly positive association (P>0.05);▲.正关联显著Significantly positive association (0.01<P≤0.05);■.正关联极显著Very significantly positive association(P≤0.01);-.不显著负关联Not significantly negative association (P>0.05);△.负关联显著Significantly negative association (0.01<P≤0.05);□.负关联极显著Very significantly negative association (P≤0.01);1.北乌头Aconitum kusnezoffii;2.瓣蕊唐松草Thalictrum petaloideum;3.北柴胡Bupleurum chinense;4.糙苏Phlomis umbrosa;5.多茎委陵菜Potentilla multicaulis;6.地榆Sanguisorba officinalis;7.东方草莓Fragaria orientalis;8.大蓟Cirsium leo;9.风毛菊Saussurea japonica;10.附地菜Trigonotis peduncularis;11.钩腺大戟Euphorbia sieboldiana;12.黄花蓬子菜Galium verum;13.华北风毛菊Saussurea mongolica;14.卷耳Cerastium arvense;15.景天三七Gynura segetum;16.蓝花棘豆Oxytropis coerulea;17.野老鹳草Geranium carolinianum;18.藜芦Veratrum nigrum;19.毛茛Ranunculus japonicus;20.牛尾蒿Artemisia subdigitata;21.车前Plantago asiatica;22.蒲公英Taraxacum mongolicum;23.披针叶薹草Carex lanceolata;24.茜草Rubia cordifolia;25.山蒿Artemisia brachyloba;26.路边青Geum aleppicum;27.山马兰Kalimeris lautureana;28.山野豌豆Vicia amoena;29.细叶薹草Carex duriuscula subsp. stenophylloides;30.欧洲唐松草Thalictrum aquilegifolium;31.田葛缕子Carum buriaticum;32.委陵菜Potentilla chinensis;33.歪头菜Vicia unijuga;34.小秦艽Gentiana dahurica;35.小红菊Dendranthema chanetii;36.狭叶荨麻Urtica angustifolia;37.小玉竹Polygonatum humile;38.显脉拉拉藤Galium kinuta;39.野罂粟Papaver nudicarule;40.野青茅Deyeuxia arundinacea;41.羊红膻Pimpinella thellungiana;42.紫羊茅Festuca rubra;43.珠芽蓼Polygonum viviparum;44.早熟禾 Poa annua;45.早开堇菜Viola prionantha;46.展枝唐松草Thalictrum squarrosum;47.紫苞鸢尾 Iris ruthenica .下同。The same below.

    Figure  1.  Semi-matrix for 47 herb dominant species by Fisher's exact test

    图  2  47种草本植物优势种的Spearman秩相关分析半矩阵图

    Figure  2.  Semi-matrix for 47 herb dominant species by Spearman's rank correlation analysis

    表  1  草本植物优势种种间分析结果的种对数统计

    Table  1.   Species-pairs of interspecific relationship analysis of 47 herb species based on Fisher's exact test and Spearman's rank correlation analysis

    分析方法
    Analysis method
    关联/相关极显著种对数
    Species-pairs of association/correlation being high significant(P<0.01)
    关联/相关显著种对数
    Species-pairs of association/correlation being significant (0.01<P<0.05)
    关联/相关种对数
    Species-pairs of association/correlation being not significant(P>0.05)
    合计Total
    正关联/相关
    Positive association/correlation
    负关联/相关
    Negative association/correlation
    正关联/相关
    Positive association/correlation
    负关联/相关
    Negative association/correlation
    正关联/相关
    Positive association/correlation
    负关联/相关
    Negative association/correlation
    Fisher精确检验
    Fiser's exact test
    46524103516451 081
    Spearman秩相关分析
    Spearman rank correlation
    7293383176421 081
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-10
  • 修回日期:  2017-04-14
  • 刊出日期:  2017-09-01

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