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福建漳江口红树林湿地生态补偿研究

刘金福 陈虹 涂伟豪 吴彩婷 尤添革 洪伟

刘金福, 陈虹, 涂伟豪, 吴彩婷, 尤添革, 洪伟. 福建漳江口红树林湿地生态补偿研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 83-90. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170078
引用本文: 刘金福, 陈虹, 涂伟豪, 吴彩婷, 尤添革, 洪伟. 福建漳江口红树林湿地生态补偿研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 83-90. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170078
LIU Jin-fu, CHEN Hong, TU Wei-hao, WU Cai-ting, YOU Tian-ge, HONG Wei. Ecological compensation of mangrove wetlands in Zhangjiangkou of Fujian, southern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 83-90. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170078
Citation: LIU Jin-fu, CHEN Hong, TU Wei-hao, WU Cai-ting, YOU Tian-ge, HONG Wei. Ecological compensation of mangrove wetlands in Zhangjiangkou of Fujian, southern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 83-90. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170078

福建漳江口红树林湿地生态补偿研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170078
基金项目: 

福建省林业科学研究项目 闽林科[2014]2号

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘金福,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态学、生物统计学。Email:fjljf@126.com  地址:350002  福建省福州市仓山区上下店路15号福建农林大学计算机与信息学院

    责任作者:

    洪伟,教授。主要研究方向:森林培育及森林生态。Email: fjhongwei@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.5

Ecological compensation of mangrove wetlands in Zhangjiangkou of Fujian, southern China

  • 摘要: 福建作为全国首批生态文明试验区,推进生态脆弱区建立生态补偿机制是其重要任务之一。红树林湿地作为海岸生态关键区,其自然分布日益缩减,湿地保护及恢复将会面临很大困难,对政府的保护管理职能提出更高要求。以福建漳江口红树林为研究对象,探索红树林湿地生态补偿机制具有重要实践价值。主要从3方面探讨:1)建立DPSIR模型分析生态补偿机理;2)通过实地调查,结合条件评估法,调查漳江口红树林湿地周边居民的基本情况及生态补偿意愿,建立Tobit模型,分析居民受偿意愿的影响因素;3)针对不同地区对3种生态补偿标准方案进行讨论。结果表明:漳江口红树林湿地周边居民文化程度较低,环保意识薄弱,非现金补偿优先考虑土地补偿、安排就业和基础设施建设3种方式,不同村庄之间的受偿意愿有较大差异,被调查者的学历、家庭人口、红树林湿地生态效益了解程度和生态环境的满意度对受偿意愿有着显著的影响。

     

  • 图  1  漳江口示意图

    Figure  1.  Map of Zhangjiang River Estuary

    图  2  DPSIR指标分析模型[15]

    Figure  2.  DPSIR indicator analyzing model

    图  3  生态补偿响应机制DPSIR模型

    Figure  3.  DPSIR model of ecological compensation response mechanism

    表  1  解释变量的定义

    Table  1.   Definition of the explained variables

    变量名称Variable说明Explanation
    村庄Village (CZ)被调查者所在村庄:竹塔村=1,船场村=2 Village of the investigator: Zhuta Village=1, Chuanchang Village=2
    性别Gender (XB)男=1,女=2 Male=1, female=2
    年龄Age (NL)18~20岁=1,21~30岁=2,31~40岁=3,41~50岁=4,51~60岁=5 18~20 years old =1, 21~30 years old =2, 31~40 years old =3, 41~50 years old =4, 51~60 years old =5
    学历Education level (XL)小学及以下=1,初中=2,中专或高中=3,大专=4,本科=5 Elementary school =1, junior high school =2, special secondary school or senior high school =3, junior college =4, undergraduate =5
    家庭人口数Family population (RK)2人及以下=1,3~4人=2,5~6人=3,7人以上=4 No more than 2 persons =1, between 3 and 4 persons =2, between 5 and 6 person =3, more than 7 persons =4
    个人月收入Monthly income (SR)1 000元及以下=1,1 001~2 000元=2,2 001~3 000元=3,3 001~4 000元=4,4 000元以上=5 No more than 1 000 CNY =1, between 1 001 and 2 000 CNY =2, between 2 001 and 3 000 CNY =3, between 3 001 and 4 000 CNY =4, more than 4 000 CNY =5
    生态效益关注度Attention of ecological benefit (XY)很少关注=1,偶尔关注=2,关注=3 Little attention =1, occasionally attention =2, concerned =3
    开发保护措施了解度Degree of understanding in developed protective measures (CS)不了解=1,知道一些=2,了解=3,非常了解=4 Incomprehension =1, heard but don’t know well =2, know a little =3, know very well =4
    生态环境满意度Satisfaction of ecosystem (MY)不满意=1,较满意=2,满意=3,非常满意=4 No satisfaction=1, more satisfaction =2, satisfaction =3, very satisfied =4
    与个人生活关联度Correlation of personal life (SH)没有关系=1,有影响=2,息息相关=3 Have no relation =1, have some effect =2, closely linked =3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  DPSIR模型指标

    Table  2.   Indexes of DPSIR model

    组成部分Component指标Index
    驱动力Driving force (D)人口增长、经济发展、资源依赖程度
    Population growth, economic development, resource dependency
    压力Pressure (P)废水废物排放强度、水资源开发利用率
    Wastewater discharge intensity, utilization ratio of water resources
    状态Status (S)红树林分布面积、物种丰度、物种多度、水域面积率、土壤保持量、蓄水量
    Mangrove distribution area, species richness, species abundance, water area ratio, soil retention, storage capacity
    影响Influence (I)政府态度、居民保护意识
    Government attitude, consciousness of military protection
    响应Response (R)退塘还湿、减少滩涂养殖、环保宣传
    From pond to wetland, reduce shoaly culturing, environmental advocacy
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  Tobit模型参数估计

    Table  3.   Tobit model parameter estimation

    变量
    Variable
    系数
    Coefficient
    标准差
    Std. error
    Z统计量
    Z-statistic
    P
    c183.333 372.221 872.540.001 1
    CZ64.583 3323.327 032.770.000 6
    XL-33.333 315.116 12-2.210.002 7
    RK2512.729 791.960.05
    XY29.166 6713.188 052.210.027
    CS2.083 33311.926 20.170.861
    MY27.083 3372.221 872.110.035
    注:c为常数项。Note: c is constant term.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-14
  • 修回日期:  2017-05-17
  • 刊出日期:  2017-09-01

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