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秦岭不同年龄太白红杉径向生长对气候因子的响应

闫伯前 林万众 刘琪璟 于健

闫伯前, 林万众, 刘琪璟, 于健. 秦岭不同年龄太白红杉径向生长对气候因子的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 58-65. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170161
引用本文: 闫伯前, 林万众, 刘琪璟, 于健. 秦岭不同年龄太白红杉径向生长对气候因子的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 58-65. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170161
YAN Bo-qian, LIN Wan-zhong, LIU Qi-jing, YU Jian. Age-dependent radial growth responses of Larix chinensis to climatic factors in Qinling Mountains, northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 58-65. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170161
Citation: YAN Bo-qian, LIN Wan-zhong, LIU Qi-jing, YU Jian. Age-dependent radial growth responses of Larix chinensis to climatic factors in Qinling Mountains, northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 58-65. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170161

秦岭不同年龄太白红杉径向生长对气候因子的响应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170161
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31370587

江苏农林职业技术学院科技项目 110751168

详细信息
    作者简介:

    闫伯前,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:植物遗传学。Email:yanboq@sohu.com  地址:110016 北京市昌平区回龙观北朱辛庄北农路7号北京农学院植物科学技术学院

    责任作者:

    于健,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:年轮气候学。Email: yujian1986829@sina.com  地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院

  • 中图分类号: S718.51

Age-dependent radial growth responses of Larix chinensis to climatic factors in Qinling Mountains, northwestern China

  • 摘要: 秦岭地区是我国最为典型的太白红杉温带针叶林分布区,也是受全球气候变化影响最为显著的地区之一。已有的研究已经显示树木的生理特征会随着树木年龄发生变化,这可能会造成与树木生长有关的气候信号随时间改变。为探索该区不同年龄太白红杉树木径向生长对气候变化的响应差异,本研究运用树木年轮气候学传统方法,研究了不同年龄太白红杉年表特征及其与气候因子的关系,以期揭示年龄因素对年表的潜在影响。结果表明:1)不同年龄太白红杉径向生长对气候因子的响应存在差异,老龄组太白红杉年表较中、低龄组年表对气候因子的响应更加敏感,更适合用于年轮气候学研究;2)响应函数分析表明,老龄组太白红杉年表对生长季早期和春季温度以及春季降水更加敏感,而幼龄组太白红杉年表与各月气候变量均未表现出显著相关关系。综上所述,太白红杉年轮宽度与气候变化的响应模式受年龄因素影响,高龄年轮年表对气候响应的敏感性更高,包含更多的气候信息。该研究结果为全球变暖背景下秦岭高山林线太白红杉林的合理经营管理及该区域气候重建提供了一定的基础数据。

     

  • 图  1  秦岭不同年龄太白红杉差值年表

    Figure  1.  Residual chronology of Larix chinensis at different age classes

    图  2  研究区域温度和降水量的月值变化

    Figure  2.  Monthly changes of air temperature and precipitation in the study area

    图  3  不同年龄太白红杉差值年表与气候因子的响应分析

    *表示达到95%的显著水平。P5,P6,…,P12代表上年5,6,…,12月份;C1,C2,…,C9代表当年1, 2,…,9月份。

    Figure  3.  Response function analysis of residual chronology of L. chinensis in relation to monthly climatic factors in different age classes

    * means significant level at P < 0.05 level; P5, P6, …, P12 represent May, June, …, December of previous year; C1, C2, …, C9 represent January, February, …, September of current year.

    表  1  年表的统计参数及公共区间分析结果

    Table  1.   Statistics of ring-width chronologies and common interval analysis

    统计特征
    Statistic characteristics
    幼龄组
    Young age class
    中龄组
    Middle age class
    老龄组
    Old age class
    时间序列Record period1965—2013年
    Year 1965—2013
    1915—2013年
    Year 1915—2013
    1726—2013年
    Year 1726—2013
    平均值Mean index1.0000.9900.994
    平均敏感度Mean sensitivity0.1960.2130.237
    标准差Standard deviation0.1710.1770.212
    一阶自相关First order autocorrelation0.0180.0230.000
    树间相关系数Correlation between trees0.3450.4310.364
    信噪比Signal-to-noise ratio21.25947.55433.114
    样本总体代表性Expressed population signal0.9550.9790.980
    第1主成分方差解释量Variation in first eigenvector/%40.947.343.3
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-05-03
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