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基于分层的典型中亚热带天然阔叶林的种间关联性

马志波 黄清麟 庄崇洋 郑群瑞 王宏

马志波, 黄清麟, 庄崇洋, 郑群瑞, 王宏. 基于分层的典型中亚热带天然阔叶林的种间关联性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(12): 10-16. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170182
引用本文: 马志波, 黄清麟, 庄崇洋, 郑群瑞, 王宏. 基于分层的典型中亚热带天然阔叶林的种间关联性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(12): 10-16. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170182
MA Zhi-bo, HUANG Qing-lin, ZHUANG Chong-yang, ZHENG Qun-rui, WANG Hong. Study on interspecific associations of typical mid-subtropical natural broadleaved forest based on stratification[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(12): 10-16. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170182
Citation: MA Zhi-bo, HUANG Qing-lin, ZHUANG Chong-yang, ZHENG Qun-rui, WANG Hong. Study on interspecific associations of typical mid-subtropical natural broadleaved forest based on stratification[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(12): 10-16. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170182

基于分层的典型中亚热带天然阔叶林的种间关联性

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170182
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31370633

详细信息
    作者简介:

    马志波,博士,副研究员。主要研究方向:森林可持续经营。Email: mateco@sina.cn   地址:100091  北京市海淀区东小府1号中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所

    责任作者:

    黄清麟,博士,研究员。主要研究方向:森林可持续经营。Email: huangql@caf.ac.cn   地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.5

Study on interspecific associations of typical mid-subtropical natural broadleaved forest based on stratification

  • 摘要: 亚热带天然常绿阔叶林群落的乔木层普遍具有自然成层特征,通过划分林层,研究了两个典型中亚热带天然阔叶林群落各层组成种间的种间联结,以揭示各层林木间的关系。结果表明:两个群落树种丰富,乔木层分别有65和53个树种;乔木层都可划分为受光层和非受光层两个亚层,受光层对群落起控制作用;两个群落的受光层所有树种都是总体负关联,导致了乔木层的总体负关联;无论是乔木层还是两个亚层,各层林木均可结成数量可观的成对组合,但大多数树种两两之间关系松散或相互独立,只有个别树种与其他树种有显著的正或负关联,表明调查群落主要受随机过程控制。在生物多样性保护实践中需要关注猴欢喜和新木姜子,因为在包含这两个种的显著关联的种对中,前者与其他树种的均为负关联,后者则以正关联为主。

     

  • 表  1  群落基本特征

    Table  1.   Basic characteristics of the communities

    样地
    Sample
    plot
    林层
    Forest layer
    密度/
    (株·hm-2)
    Density/
    (tree·ha-1)
    林分平均直径
    Stand mean
    DBH/cm
    林分平均
    树高Stand
    mean
    height/m
    平均冠幅
    Mean
    crown
    width/m
    蓄积量/
    (m3·hm-2)
    Volume/
    (m3·ha-1)
    丰富度
    Richness
    Shannon指数
    Shannon
    index
    1 乔木层Arbor layer 1 012 23.8 26.10 513.359 7 65 5.04
    1 受光层Light receiving layer (LRL) 280 41.9 28.52 8.25 473.180 0 33 4.34
    1 非受光层Non-light receiving layer (NLRL) 732 10.7 12.05 3.79 40.179 7 56 4.86
    2 乔木层Arbor layer 1 056 22.6 24.93 468.140 2 53 4.59
    2 受光层LRL 304 39.2 27.08 6.96 433.851 9 30 3.63
    2 非受光层NLRL 752 10.0 11.53 3.36 34.288 3 47 4.41
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  整体关联性

    Table  2.   Total species association

    样地
    Sample plot
    层次
    Forest layer
    方差比率
    VR
    W统计量W
    statistic
    关联性
    Association
    VR偏离1
    VR deviated from 1
    1 乔木层Arbor layer 0.792 39.587 负Negative 否None significance
    1 受光层LRL 0.702 35.110 负Negative 否None significance
    1 非受光层NLRL 1.252 62.588 正Positive 否None significance
    2 乔木层Arbor layer 0.938 46.922 负Negative 否None significance
    2 受光层LRL 0.562 28.099 负Negative 是Significant
    2 非受光层NLRL 0.996 49.792 负Negative 否None significance
    注Notes:χ(α=0.95, f=50)2=34.764, χ(α=0.05, f=50)2=67.505。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  1号样地各层中显著(P<0.05)和极显著(P<0.01)关联的种对

    Table  3.   Species pairs with significant (P < 0.05) and very significant (P < 0.01) association in sample plot 1

    层次
    Layer
    物种1
    Species 1
    物种2
    Species 2
    关联性
    Association
    P
    P value
    乔木层Arbor layer 罗浮柿 木姜子 正Positive 0.009 2
    乔木层Arbor layer 细枝柃 新木姜子 正Positive 0.016 9
    乔木层Arbor layer 细枝柃 木荷 正Positive 0.022 6
    乔木层Arbor layer 庆元冬青 新木姜子 正Positive 0.023 7
    乔木层Arbor layer 香冬青 桂北木姜子 正Positive 0.029 7
    乔木层Arbor layer 三花冬青 新木姜子 正Positive 0.049 9
    乔木层Arbor layer 木姜子 新木姜子 正Positive 0.004 1
    乔木层Arbor layer 桂北木姜子 红皮树 正Positive 0.040 0
    乔木层Arbor layer 毡毛泡花树 新木姜子 正Positive 0.021 3
    乔木层Arbor layer 黄瑞木 猴欢喜 负Negative 0.014 6
    乔木层Arbor layer 浙江桂 野含笑 负Negative 0.046 0
    乔木层Arbor layer 细齿叶柃 木荷 负Negative 0.046 4
    乔木层Arbor layer 木姜子 红皮树 负Negative 0.049 7
    乔木层Arbor layer 木姜子 福建山矾 负Negative 0.039 4
    乔木层Arbor layer 毡毛泡花树 福建山矾 负Negative 0.028 2
    乔木层Arbor layer 新木姜子 猴欢喜 负Negative 0.023 7
    乔木层Arbor layer 新木姜子 光叶山矾 负Negative 0.004 0
    受光层LRL 猴欢喜 香冬青 负Negative 0.046 3
    受光层LRL 猴欢喜 新木姜子 负Negative 0.046 3
    非受光层NLRL 米槠 福建山矾 正Positive 0.042 6
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 细枝柃 正Positive 0.048 8
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 庆元冬青 正Positive 0.030 4
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 木姜子 正Positive 0.015 1
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 笔罗子 正Positive 0.048 8
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 红皮树 正Positive 0.048 8
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 尖叶水丝梨 正Positive 0.041 6
    非受光层NLRL 新木姜子 光叶山矾 负Negative 0.033 7
    注Notes:物种名Species name:罗浮柿Diospyros morrisiana; 细枝柃Eurya loquaiana; 细齿叶柃E. nitida; 庆元冬青Ilex qingyuanensis; 香冬青I. suaveolens; 三花冬青I. triflora; 木姜子Litsea pungens; 桂北木姜子L. subcoriacea; 新木姜子Neolitsea aurata; 毡毛泡花树Meliosma rigida var. pannosa; 黄瑞木Adinandra millettii; 浙江桂Cinnamomum chekiangense; 木荷Schima superb; 红皮树Styrax suberifolius; 猴欢喜Sloanea sinensis; 野含笑Michelia skinneriana; 福建山矾Symplocos fukienensis; 光叶山矾S.lancifolia; 米槠Castanopsis carlesii; 笔罗子Meliosma rigida; 尖叶水丝梨Sycopsis dunnii.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2号样地各层中显著(P<0.05)和极显著(P<0.01)关联的种对

    Table  4.   Species pairs with significant (P < 0.05) and very significant (P < 0.01) association in sample plot 2

    层次
    Layer
    物种1
    Species 1
    物种2
    Species 2
    关联性
    Association
    P
    P value
    乔木层Arbor layer 米槠 乐东拟单性
    木兰
    正Positive 0.030 42
    乔木层Arbor layer 拉氏栲 山黄皮 正Positive 0.031 76
    乔木层Arbor layer 山杜英 木姜子 正Positive 0.026 55
    乔木层Arbor layer 三花冬青 木姜子 正Positive 0.047 70
    乔木层Arbor layer 毡毛泡花树 野含笑 正Positive 0.048 26
    乔木层Arbor layer 浙江桂 香冬青 负Negative 0.048 81
    乔木层Arbor layer 山杜英 光叶山矾 负Negative 0.024 83
    乔木层Arbor layer 庆元冬青 木姜子 负Negative 0.043 84
    乔木层Arbor layer 木荷 猴欢喜 负Negative 0.018 62
    乔木层Arbor layer 猴欢喜 光叶山矾 负Negative 0.024 83
    受光层LRL 浙江桂 猴欢喜 负Negative 0.025 99
    非受光层NLRL 山杜英 弯蒴杜鹃 正Positive 0.034 69
    非受光层NLRL 山杜英 光叶山矾 负Negative 0.005 18
    非受光层NLRL 猴欢喜 光叶山矾 负Negative 0.034 54
    注Notes:物种名Species name:米槠Castanopsis carlesii; 拉氏栲C. lamontii; 山杜英Elaeocarpus sylvestris; 香冬青Ilex suaveolens; 三花冬青I. triflora; 庆元冬青I. qingyuanensis; 毡毛泡花树Meliosma rigida var. pannosa; 浙江桂Cinnamomum chekiangense; 乐东拟单性木兰Parakmeria lotungensis; 山黄皮Randia cochinchinensis; 木姜子Litsea pungens; 野含笑Michelia skinneriana; 光叶山矾Symplocos lancifolia; 木荷Schima superb; 猴欢喜Sloanea sinensis; 弯蒴杜鹃Rhododendron henryi.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-05-16
  • 修回日期:  2017-11-13
  • 刊出日期:  2017-12-01

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