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云冷杉天然林林分空间结构对胸径生长量的影响

吕延杰 杨华 张青 王全军 孙权

吕延杰, 杨华, 张青, 王全军, 孙权. 云冷杉天然林林分空间结构对胸径生长量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 41-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184
引用本文: 吕延杰, 杨华, 张青, 王全军, 孙权. 云冷杉天然林林分空间结构对胸径生长量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 41-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184
LÜ Yan-jie, YANG Hua, ZHANG Qing, WANG Quan-jun, SUN Quan. Effects of spatial structure on DBH increment of natural spruce-fir forest[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 41-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184
Citation: LÜ Yan-jie, YANG Hua, ZHANG Qing, WANG Quan-jun, SUN Quan. Effects of spatial structure on DBH increment of natural spruce-fir forest[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 41-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184

云冷杉天然林林分空间结构对胸径生长量的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划课题 2017YFC0504101

详细信息
    作者简介:

    吕延杰。主要研究方向:森林资源监测与评价。Email: 1095369262@qq.com  地址: 100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    杨华,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:森林资源监测与评价。Email: huayang8747@163.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S758.5+2

Effects of spatial structure on DBH increment of natural spruce-fir forest

  • 摘要: 为了探讨长白山云冷杉天然林的空间结构对云杉、冷杉胸径生长量的影响,本研究于2016年8月以吉林省汪清县金沟岭林场2块云冷杉天然林的典型样地(面积分别为60 m×60 m、80 m×80 m)为研究对象,首先计算整个林分和林分内所有云杉、冷杉的角尺度和混交度,分析整个林分和林分内的云杉、冷杉的空间结构分布情况;然后,将角尺度和混交度对应的5种情况加以区分,对比这5种情况分别对应的所有云杉、冷杉近5年平均胸径生长量的均值;最后分析云杉、冷杉不同空间结构对其胸径生长量的影响。结果表明:2块样地平均角尺度均为0.5左右,总体上都呈随机分布;样地1和样地2的平均混交度分别为0.65和0.73,处于强度的混交状态;角尺度为0.5(随机分布)、混交度为0.75(强度混交)时云杉、冷杉株数分布最多;从林分整体角度看,样地2的云杉、冷杉平均胸径生长量都稍高于样地1;云杉、冷杉处于随机分布时胸径生长量最大,明显高于均匀和团状分布;随混交度的增大,云杉、冷杉的胸径生长量总体呈递增趋势,表明混交度的增大能促进云杉和冷杉的生长,而且对冷杉的促进作用更强,说明其生长对混交的强弱程度比较敏感。

     

  • 图  1  不同角尺度和混交度对应的株数分布情况

    Figure  1.  Tree number distribution corresponding to different neighborhood patterns and mingling intensities

    图  2  不同角尺度和混交度对应的胸径生长量

    Figure  2.  DBH increment of different neighborhood patterns and mingling intensities

    表  1  样地调查因子

    Table  1.   Survey factor of sample plot

    样地
    Sample plot
    株数
    Tree number
    坡度
    Slope degree/(°)
    郁闭度
    Canopy density
    密度/(株·hm-2)
    Density of tree/(tree·ha-1)
    树种组成
    Species composition
    胸径
    DBH/cm
    树高
    Tree height/m
    平均冠幅
    Average crown width/m
    最大
    Max.
    最小
    Min.
    平均
    Average
    最大
    Max.
    最小
    Min.
    平均
    Average
    东西
    East-west
    南北
    South-north
    样地1 Sample plot 158390.79124冷3云1落1红
    1椴+桦-榆
    4 Abies nephrolepis
    3Picea koraiensis
    1Larix olgensis
    1Pinus koraiensis
    1 Tilia amurensis+
    Betula platyphylla-
    Ulmus pumila
    435.218.5227.13.616.284.845.00
    样地2Sample plot 232470.79004冷3云2红
    1椴+桦-落-榆
    4 A. nephrolepis
    3P. koraiensis
    2P. koraiensis
    1T. amurensis+
    B. platyphylla-
    L. olgensis-
    U. pumila
    47.2519.0324.93.916.725.025.12
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  4株相邻木情况下混交度可能的取值范围

    Table  2.   Possible values of the mingling considering 4 nearest neighbor

    混交度取值
    Mingling value
    说明
    Interpretation
    混交程度
    Mingling degree
    Mi=1参照树周围4株相邻最近木均与参照树不属同一种
    All of the nearest neighbor trees were not the same species as the subject tree
    极强度混交
    Ultra-intensive mixture
    Mi=0.75参照树周围4株相邻最近木中有3株与参照树不属同一种
    The 3 nearest neighbor trees were not the same species as the subject tree
    强度混交
    High-intensive mixture
    Mi=0.50参照树周围4株相邻最近木中有2株与参照树不属同一种
    The 2 nearest neighbor trees were not the same species as the subject tree
    中度混交
    Medium-intensive mixture
    Mi=0.25参照树周围4株相邻最近木中有1株与参照树不属同一种
    The 1 nearest neighbor tree was not the same species as the subject tree
    弱度混交
    Low-intensive mixture
    Mi=0参照树周围的4株相邻最近木均与参照树属同一种
    All of the nearest neighbor trees were the same species as the subject tree
    零度混交
    None-intensive mixture
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  4株相邻最近木情况下角尺度可能的取值范围

    Table  3.   Possible values of the neighborhood pattern considering 4 nearest neighbor

    角尺度取值
    Neighborhood pattern value
    说明
    Interpretation
    分布情况
    Distribution situation
    Wi=0没有一个角α小于α0
    All α=α0
    很均匀分布
    Very regular distribution
    Wi=0.251个角α小于α0
    One αα0
    均匀分布
    Regular distribution
    Wi=0.502个角α小于α0
    Two αα0
    随机分布
    Random distribution
    Wi=0.753个角α小于α0
    Three αα0
    不均匀分布
    Irregular distribution
    Wi=14个角α全部小于α0
    All αα0
    很不均匀分布
    Very irregular distribution
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同角尺度对应的株数分布和胸径生长量

    Table  4.   DBH increment and distribution of number corresponding to different neighborhood patterns

    样地
    Sample plot
    项目
    Item
    冷杉Fir云杉Spruce
    0.250.50.750.250.50.75
    样地1 Sample plot 1株数Tree number308437295620
    胸径生长量DBH increment/mm1.7692.2071.9121.5082.1151.610
    样地2 Sample plot 2株数Tree number175123204112
    胸径生长量DBH increment/mm1.9572.2431.6661.5302.0051.756
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同混交度对应的株数分布和胸径生长量

    Table  5.   DBH increment and distribution of number corresponding to different mingling intensities

    样地
    Sample plot
    项目
    Item
    冷杉Fir云杉Spruce
    00.250.50.75100.250.50.751
    样地1
    Sample plot 1
    株数Tree number635364727013303626
    胸径生长量DBH increment/mm1.2651.7071.9102.3202.49701.578 51.6761.8182.068
    样地2
    Sample plot 2
    株数Tree number15302019706272216
    胸径生长量DBH increment/mm1.2841.9271.8552.5522.77401.5151.8861.8821.966
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-05-22
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