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采伐对吉林蛟河针阔混交林空间结构的影响

李建 彭鹏 何怀江 谭凌照 张新娜 吴相菊 刘兆刚

李建, 彭鹏, 何怀江, 谭凌照, 张新娜, 吴相菊, 刘兆刚. 采伐对吉林蛟河针阔混交林空间结构的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220
引用本文: 李建, 彭鹏, 何怀江, 谭凌照, 张新娜, 吴相菊, 刘兆刚. 采伐对吉林蛟河针阔混交林空间结构的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220
LI Jian, PENG Peng, HE Huai-jiang, TAN Ling-zhao, ZHANG Xin-na, WU Xiang-ju, LIU Zhao-gang. Effects of thinning intensity on spatial structure of multi-species temperate forest at Jiaohe in Jilin Province, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220
Citation: LI Jian, PENG Peng, HE Huai-jiang, TAN Ling-zhao, ZHANG Xin-na, WU Xiang-ju, LIU Zhao-gang. Effects of thinning intensity on spatial structure of multi-species temperate forest at Jiaohe in Jilin Province, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9): 48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220

采伐对吉林蛟河针阔混交林空间结构的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划重点专项 2017YFC0504104

国家自然科学基金项目 31670643

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李建。主要研究方向:森林生态经营与管理。Email:dsrlij@163.com  地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    彭鹏,博士,助理工程师。主要研究方向:森林可持续经营管理。Email:chendaidao@163.com  地址:100021 北京市朝阳区望京阜通东大街12号宝能中心A座6层

  • 中图分类号: S753.7

Effects of thinning intensity on spatial structure of multi-species temperate forest at Jiaohe in Jilin Province, northeastern China

  • 摘要: 探讨不同采伐强度下林分空间结构的变化对森林可持续经营具有指导意义。在吉林省蛟河次生针阔混交林内,设置采伐强度分别为0%(对照,CK)、14.3%(弱度,LT)、29.4%(中度,MT)和50.4%(重度,HT)的4块样地,样地面积各1 hm2,利用角尺度、大小比数、混交度和密集度4个林分空间结构参数探讨林分整体以及春榆、红松、色木槭、水曲柳和紫椴5个主要树种的林分空间结构在采伐3年后的变化。结果表明,从采伐干扰对林分整体的影响来看,LT处理后林分的水平分布格局更合理,混交度较高,林分结构相比CK处理更稳定;采伐干扰对林分大小分化程度的影响不显著;林木密集度随采伐强度增加逐渐降低,林内较稀疏的林木比例逐渐增加;从采伐干扰对主要树种的影响来看,不同树种对采伐干扰的响应差异显著,采伐对5种树种的水平分布格局均有显著影响,但对确定采伐强度不具指导意义;从树种的大小分化程度和混交度考虑,LT处理对春榆、水曲柳和紫椴更有利,MT处理对红松和色木槭更有利;除紫椴外其他树种的密集度随采伐强度的增加而降低。综合考虑,采伐干扰在短期内对林分整体的空间结构影响较小,对主要树种的空间结构影响较大,采伐强度在15%左右比较合理,也可以结合森林经营需求针对个别树种适当提高采伐强度,建议不超过20%。

     

  • 图  1  采伐前各样地林木空间分布图

    Figure  1.  Spatial distribution of trees in each plot before thinning

    图  2  不同采伐强度下各样地林木空间分布图

    Figure  2.  Spatial distribution of trees in each plot under different thinning intensities

    表  1  采伐前样地林分特征

    Table  1.   Topography and stand characteristics before thinning of four plots

    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    地理坐标
    Location
    海拔
    Altitude/m
    坡向
    Slope aspect
    坡度
    Gradient/(°)
    林分密度/(株·hm-2)
    Stand density/(stem·ha-1)
    平均胸径
    Mean DBH/cm
    平均树高
    Mean tree height (H)/m
    胸高断面积
    Basal area at breast height/m2
    郁闭度
    Canopy density
    CK43°57′59″N
    127°43′28″E
    453NE11 10614.69.730.070.9
    LT43°57′57″N
    127°43′34″E
    443NE41 04513.99.629.470.9
    MT43°57′54″N
    127°43′27″E
    430NE51 00714.89.730.380.9
    HT43°57′52″N
    127°43′33″E
    447NE31 29812.48.830.470.9
    注:CK为对照,LT为弱度采伐,MT为中度采伐,HT为重度采伐。下同。Notes:CK indicates control,LT indicates low thinning treatment,MT indicates moderate thinning treatment and HT indicates high thinning treatment. Same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  样地采伐后林分特征及采伐强度

    Table  2.   Stand characteristics after thinning and thinning intensity of four plots

    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    林分密度/(株·hm-2)
    Stand density/(stem·ha-1)
    平均胸径
    Mean DBH/cm
    平均树高
    Mean H/m
    胸高断面积
    Basal area at breast height/m2
    郁闭度
    Canopy density
    胸高断面积强度
    Intensity of basal area at breast height/%
    CK1 10614.69.730.0650.90
    LT84413.779.824.3910.814.3
    MT72614.839.919.8270.629.4
    HT71712.698.914.6680.550.4
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同采伐强度下角尺度频率分布及平均值

    Table  3.   Frequency distribution and mean value of neighborhood pattern under different thinning intensities

    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    频率分布
    Frequency distribution
    平均值
    Mean value
    0.000.250.500.751.00
    CK0.0030.2030.5770.1250.0910.524
    LT0.0080.1850.5800.1760.0510.519
    MT0.0040.1750.5610.1750.0850.540
    HT0.0000.2110.5420.1570.0910.532
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同采伐强度下大小比数频率分布及平均值

    Table  4.   Frequency distribution and mean value of neighborhood comparison under different thinning intensities

    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    频率分布
    Frequency distribution
    平均值
    Mean value
    00.250.500.751.00
    CK0.2160.1840.2020.2000.1980.495
    LT0.2160.1910.2080.2020.1830.487
    MT0.1990.2160.2070.1900.1880.488
    HT0.1940.2130.1990.1990.1960.498
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同采伐强度混交度频率分布及平均值

    Table  5.   Frequency distribution and mean value of mingling degree under different thinning intensities

    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    频率分布
    Frequency distribution
    平均值
    Mean value
    0.000.250.500.751.00
    CK0.0160.0630.1670.3190.4340.773
    LT0.0060.0340.1380.3100.5120.822
    MT0.0020.0390.1380.2730.5480.831
    HT0.0070.0610.1740.3060.4510.783
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同采伐强度下林分密集度频率分布及平均值

    Table  6.   Frequency distribution and mean value of crowding degree under different thinning intensities

    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    频率分布
    Frequency distribution
    平均值
    Mean value
    0.000.250.500.751.00
    CK0.0460.1560.2200.2520.3270.340
    LT0.0620.1590.2590.2210.2990.329
    MT0.0630.1640.1860.2340.3540.334
    HT0.0760.2060.2280.2030.2870.308
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  不同采伐强度下主要树种角尺度平均值

    Table  7.   Mean value of neighborhood pattern of five main species under different thinning intensities

    主要树种
    Main species
    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    CKLTMTHT
    春榆Ulmus davidiana var. japonica0.5210.5080.5420.531
    红松Pinus koraiensis0.5080.4690.5640.512
    色木槭Acer mono0.5460.5320.5140.574
    水曲柳Fraxinus mandshurica0.5310.5060.5450.533
    紫椴Tilia amurensis0.5200.5260.5300.510
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  不同采伐强度下主要树种大小比数平均值

    Table  8.   Mean value of neighborhood comparison of five main species under different thinning intensities

    主要树种Main species采伐类型Thinning type
    CKLTMTHT
    春榆Ulmus davidiana var. japonica0.3840.4760.6790.658
    红松Pinus koraiensis0.5890.5000.3370.508
    色木槭Acer mono0.6500.5690.6220.643
    水曲柳Fraxinus mandshurica0.1410.1000.2620.151
    紫椴Tilia amurensis0.4570.3330.5420.411
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  不同采伐强度下主要树种混交度平均值

    Table  9.   Mean value of mingling degree of five main species under different thinning intensities

    主要树种
    Main species
    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    CKLTMTHT
    春榆Ulmus davidiana var. japonica0.7310.9270.7320.689
    红松Pinus koraiensis0.9030.8600.8900.617
    色木槭Acer mono0.6270.7090.7570.747
    水曲柳Fraxinus mandshurica0.9380.9110.8200.882
    紫椴Tilia amurensis0.7700.7600.8140.786
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  10  不同采伐强度下主要树种密集度平均值

    Table  10.   Mean value of crowding degree of five main species under different thinning intensities

    主要树种
    Main species
    采伐类型
    Thinning type
    CKLTMTHT
    春榆Ulmus davidiana var. japonica0.3380.2940.2960.260
    红松Pinus koraiensis0.3710.3900.3370.229
    色木槭Acer mono0.3250.3180.3260.280
    水曲柳Fraxinus mandshurica0.4430.4340.3740.403
    紫椴Tilia amurensis0.3420.4240.3490.419
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-20
  • 修回日期:  2017-07-18
  • 刊出日期:  2017-09-01

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