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华北地区城市浅山区海绵绿道设计方法研究———以石家庄鹿泉区山前大道为例

时薏 李运远 戈晓宇 林辰松

时薏, 李运远, 戈晓宇, 林辰松. 华北地区城市浅山区海绵绿道设计方法研究———以石家庄鹿泉区山前大道为例[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(11): 82-91. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170289
引用本文: 时薏, 李运远, 戈晓宇, 林辰松. 华北地区城市浅山区海绵绿道设计方法研究———以石家庄鹿泉区山前大道为例[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(11): 82-91. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170289
SHI Yi, LI Yun-yuan, GE Xiao-yu, LIN Chen-song. Design methods of sponge greenway in urban shallow mountainous area in northern China: taking the greenway of Luquan District in Shijiazhuang as an example[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(11): 82-91. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170289
Citation: SHI Yi, LI Yun-yuan, GE Xiao-yu, LIN Chen-song. Design methods of sponge greenway in urban shallow mountainous area in northern China: taking the greenway of Luquan District in Shijiazhuang as an example[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(11): 82-91. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170289

华北地区城市浅山区海绵绿道设计方法研究———以石家庄鹿泉区山前大道为例

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170289
基金项目: 

中央高校基本科研业务费专项 2015ZCQ-YL-01

中央高校基本科研业务费专项 2017ZY11

详细信息
    作者简介:

    时薏。主要研究方向:风景园林规划设计与工程技术。Email: sy13306189901@163.com  地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院

    责任作者:

    李运远,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:风景园林规划设计与工程技术。Email: lyy0819@126.com   地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S731.5

Design methods of sponge greenway in urban shallow mountainous area in northern China: taking the greenway of Luquan District in Shijiazhuang as an example

  • 摘要: 华北地区年降雨量偏少,降水集中、多暴雨且年蒸发量大,导致严重的雨洪问题与水资源短缺问题。山麓迎风区多暴雨的气候特征对平原地区构成了雨洪灾害的威胁,在城市浅山区建设海绵绿道作为径流缓冲区,对于缓解雨洪灾害有着重要意义。为解决华北地区城市浅山区雨洪管理问题与水资源短缺问题,本研究通过分析华北地区的气候特征、城市浅山区的雨洪灾害情况及其特点,首先探讨了在华北地区城市浅山区建设海绵绿道的必要性。在此基础上,结合河北省石家庄市鹿泉区山前大道项目,提出了适用于华北地区浅山区的海绵绿道设计方法。该海绵绿道的设计策略综合考虑到3个维度:1)华北城市浅山区作为自然基底;2)绿道作为雨水径流缓冲带;3)低影响开发措施作为绿道设计内容之一。本研究基于雨水安全与利用两个视角综合考虑设计策略。最后,本文利用暴雨洪水管理模型(SWMM)量化模拟LID设施对雨水径流的控制效果,将海绵绿道与传统绿道的调蓄效能进行对比。结果显示,海绵绿道在控制径流总量、峰值流量以及推迟峰现时间方面具有更好的效能,能有效解决场地的雨水调蓄问题。

     

  • 图  1  三维度叠加示意图

    Figure  1.  Superposition of three dimensions

    图  2  基于雨水安全视角的设计策略模式图

    Figure  2.  Design strategy pattern diagram based on rainwater safety perspective

    图  3  山前大道山林水径区段汇水分析示意图

    Figure  3.  Catchment analysis of Shanlinshuijing Section of piedmont greenway

    图  4  行洪范围拓宽前后剖面对比

    Figure  4.  Contrast of the section before and after widening the scope of flood

    图  5  山前大道山坡防洪体系剖面图

    Figure  5.  Cross section of flood control system on piedmont road slope

    图  6  旱湿两宜型景观设计模式图

    Figure  6.  Landscape design pattern of two types of drought and humidity

    图  7  LID设施布置平面图

    Figure  7.  Plane graph of LID control arrangement

    表  1  传统绿道技术经济指标

    Table  1.   Technical and economic index of traditional greenway

    项目类型
    Item type
    子项目
    Subitem
    工程量
    Engineering quantity/m2
    总量
    Total/m2
    比例
    Proportion/%
    绿地Green space 普通绿地Common green space 273 838 273 838 59.38
    水体Water space 蓄水池Cistern 7 234 55 387 12.01
    行洪沟Flood ditch 48 153
    建筑Structure 建筑Structure 998 998 0.22
    道路广场Path and square 透水铺装Permeable pavement 97 277 130 971 28.40
    不透水铺装Impermeable pavement 33 694
    合计Total 461 194 461 194 100.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  海绵绿道技术经济指标

    Table  2.   Technical and economic index of sponge greenway

    项目类型
    Item type
    子项目
    Subitem
    工程量
    Engineering quantity/m2
    总量
    Total/m2
    比例
    Proportion/%
    绿地Green space 普通绿地Common green space 247 848 273 838 59.38
    植草沟Vegetative swale 8 673
    雨水湿地Stormwater wetland 3 102
    下沉式绿地Concave green land 14 215
    水体Water space 蓄水池Cistern 7 234 55 387 12.01
    景观水体Landscape water 48 153
    建筑Structure 建筑Structure 998 998 0.22
    道路广场Path and square 透水铺装Permeable pavement 97 277 130 971 28.40
    不透水铺装Impermeable pavement 33 694
    合计Total 461 194 461 194 100.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同降雨强度下的出水口径流量模拟结果

    Table  3.   Simulated results of runoff under different rainfall intensities

    模拟项目Simulation item 5年一遇1 h
    Once 5-year, 1 hour
    10年一遇1 h
    Once 10-year, 1 hour
    20年一遇1 h
    Once 20-year, 1 hour
    50年一遇1 h
    Once 50-year, 1 hour
    LID开发模式
    LID development
    model
    传统开发模式
    Traditional development
    mode
    差值
    Difference
    value
    LID开发模式
    LID development
    model
    传统开发模式
    Traditional
    development
    mode
    差值
    Difference
    value
    LID开发模式
    LID development
    model
    传统开发模式
    Traditional
    development
    mode
    差值
    Difference
    value
    LID开发模式
    LID development
    model
    传统开发模式
    Traditional development
    mode
    差值
    Difference
    value
    径流总量Total runoff/L 0 10 170 000 10 170 000 0 26 220 000 26 220 000 0 52 690 000 52 960 000 356 000 106 525 000 106 169 000
    峰值流量Peak flow/(L·s-1) 0 713.83 713.83 0 2 014.14 2 014.14 0 3 905.96 3 905.96 707.33 7 724.26 7 017.26
    峰现时间Time of peak flow occurrence 消失Elimination 03:09 消失Elimination 03:34 消失Elimination 02:44 09:07 02:05 302 min
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-08-22
  • 修回日期:  2017-10-28
  • 刊出日期:  2017-11-01

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