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基于频谱和光谱特征的高光谱地物分类比较

张莹 张晓丽 李宏志 刘会玲

张莹, 张晓丽, 李宏志, 刘会玲. 基于频谱和光谱特征的高光谱地物分类比较[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170342
引用本文: 张莹, 张晓丽, 李宏志, 刘会玲. 基于频谱和光谱特征的高光谱地物分类比较[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170342
Zhang Ying, Zhang Xiaoli, Li Hongzhi, Liu Huiling. A comparative analysis on hyperspectral land-cover classification based on frequency spectrum and spectral characteristics[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170342
Citation: Zhang Ying, Zhang Xiaoli, Li Hongzhi, Liu Huiling. A comparative analysis on hyperspectral land-cover classification based on frequency spectrum and spectral characteristics[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170342

基于频谱和光谱特征的高光谱地物分类比较

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170342
基金项目: 

“863”国家高技术研究发展计划项目“数字化森林资源监测关键技术研究” 2012AA102001

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张莹,博士生。主要研究方向:定量遥感。Email: august12@163.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    张晓丽,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:遥感、GIS在资源与环境中的应用。Email: zhang-xl@263.net 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S771.8

A comparative analysis on hyperspectral land-cover classification based on frequency spectrum and spectral characteristics

  • 摘要: 目的频谱作为物质的能量特征进行地物的识别是可行的。本文针对国内外利用频谱进行地物分类尤其是森林植被分类研究的匮乏,探索频谱的地物识别潜力,将高光谱影像的光谱曲线转化为频谱进行地物识别研究。方法以福建将乐林场为研究区,利用国产环境小卫星高光谱影像(HJ-1A HSI)和同时成像的多光谱影像(CCD),通过能量分离变换的方法对高光谱和多光谱进行融合,获取高空间分辨率的高光谱影像;然后,将融合影像的光谱曲线转化到频率域,进而获取频谱;通过“频谱距离”对研究区进行地物分类,并将分类结果与光谱角填图(SAM)分类结果进行比较。结果在频域中植被类别和非植被类别的低阶幅度谱具有明显的可分性,频谱方法提高了马尾松、杉木和阔叶林的制图精度,对于光谱特征相似的不同森林植被具有更好的区分能力;非植被类别在1阶谐波的频谱容易区分, 植被类别需要用前7次谐波的幅度谱进行区分,随着频率的增大,频谱变化趋于相似,并且非植被类别在频域的能量累计速度高于植被类别;与SAM的分类结果比较发现,基于频谱的分类方法总体分类精度为84.19%,比SAM分类结果总体精度提高0.7%。结论利用频谱信息可以降低光谱曲线上噪声的影响,保留类别的重要区别信息,提高地类的分类精度,因此利用频域中的频谱进行地类识别具有可行性。

     

  • 图  1  研究区位置和外业调查点分布图

    Figure  1.  Location of the study area and points of field investigation

    图  2  HSI高光谱和CCD图像通过能量分离变换前后假彩色图像的对比图(波段41、100和68)

    Figure  2.  Comparison between HSI image and fusion image based on CN spectral sharpening (band 41, 100 and 68)

    图  3  9种地物类型参考光谱曲线

    Figure  3.  Reference spectra curves of nine ground objects in study area

    图  4  9种地物类型参考光谱曲线的频谱分布

    Figure  4.  Distribution of frequency spectrum of reference spectra curves of nine ground objects in study area

    图  5  研究区HSI高光谱融合影像的FSSM和SAM分类结果图

    Figure  5.  Comparison of FSSM and SAM classification results of HSI hyperspectral fusion image in the study area

    表  1  频谱能量累计大于99%的频率位置和相应值

    Table  1.   Frequency positions and corresponding energy values of frequency spectrum with contribution of >99% of cumulative energy

    类别Class 能量分布Energy distribution 频率位置Frequency location
    马尾松Pinus massoniana 0.991 303 7
    杉木Cunninghamia lanceolata 0.991 191 6
    阔叶林Broadleaved forest 0.991 401 7
    针阔混交林Coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest 0.990 910 6
    采伐区Felling area 0.991 289 5
    农田Farmland 0.992 764 5
    居民区Residential area 0.992 986 3
    建筑用地Building land 0.993 080 3
    水体Water body 0.990 448 5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  HSI高光谱融合图像的SAM和FSSM分类误差矩阵

    Table  2.   Error matrix from SAM and FSSM based on the HJ1A-HSI fused hyperspectral image

    类别Class SAM FSSM
    生产者精度Producer accuracy(PA)/% 使用者精度User accuracy(UA)/% 生产者精度Producer accuracy(PA)/% 使用者精度User accuracy(UA)/%
    马尾松Pinus massoniana 83.5 81.1 85.4 81.5
    杉木Cunninghamia lanceolata 61.5 81.6 63.1 82.0
    阔叶林Broadleaved forest 82.7 78.2 86.5 75.0
    针阔混交林Coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest 78.6 65.7 75.0 71.2
    采伐区Felling area 93.6 100.0 93.6 100.0
    农田Farmland 100.0 91.1 95.0 91.1
    居民区Residential area 91.7 81.5 95.7 91.7
    建筑用地Building land 82.5 93.3 87.5 93.3
    水体Water body 92.6 100.0 92.6 100.0
    整体分类精度Overall classification accuracy 83.49% 84.19%
    整体Kappa系数Overall Kappa coefficient 0.807 8 0.815 8
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-09-25
  • 修回日期:  2017-04-18
  • 刊出日期:  2018-07-01

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