高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

长白山针阔混交林乔木幼苗组成与空间分布

陈贝贝 王凯 倪瑞强 程艳霞

陈贝贝, 王凯, 倪瑞强, 程艳霞. 长白山针阔混交林乔木幼苗组成与空间分布[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(2): 68-75. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170370
引用本文: 陈贝贝, 王凯, 倪瑞强, 程艳霞. 长白山针阔混交林乔木幼苗组成与空间分布[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(2): 68-75. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170370
Chen Bei-bei, Wang Kai, Ni Rui-qiang, Cheng Yan-xia. Composition and spatial pattern of tree seedlings in a coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest in Changbai Mountain of northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(2): 68-75. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170370
Citation: Chen Bei-bei, Wang Kai, Ni Rui-qiang, Cheng Yan-xia. Composition and spatial pattern of tree seedlings in a coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest in Changbai Mountain of northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(2): 68-75. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170370

长白山针阔混交林乔木幼苗组成与空间分布

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170370
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31670643

国家重点研发计划重点专项 2017YFC050400101

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈贝贝。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:chenbei@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学37号信箱

    责任作者:

    程艳霞,教授。主要研究方向:森林生态学、光与植物生理生态学。Email:qcsj6463@163.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学理学院

  • 中图分类号: S718.5

Composition and spatial pattern of tree seedlings in a coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest in Changbai Mountain of northeastern China

  • 摘要: 目的了解长白山地区针阔混交林森林群落中乔木树种天然更新幼苗的组成及空间分布情况,为进一步科学经营奠定理论基础。方法以长白山光明林场针阔混交林固定样地为研究平台,通过对连续1 hm2面积内乔木幼苗和大树进行定位调查,分析了该森林群落中乔木幼苗的物种组成;运用点格局分析法,对样地内典型阔叶乔木(水曲柳、紫椴)和针叶乔木(红松、臭冷杉)幼苗的空间分布及幼苗与大树空间分布之间的关系进行研究。结果(1) 样地内乔木幼苗树种组成丰富,共调查到幼苗10 865株,隶属于17个乔木树种,且幼苗全部来自样地内大树树种,未发现样地外其他树种的幼苗;(2)从幼苗的空间分布格局来看,在较小的研究尺度上,水曲柳、紫椴、红松和臭冷杉的幼苗均呈现聚集性空间分布;(3)从幼苗与大树空间分布的关系来看,在一定的研究尺度范围内,水曲柳、紫椴幼苗与其大树表现出正相关关系,而红松、臭冷杉幼苗与其大树则表现为负相关关系。结论长白山针阔混交林中主要阔叶乔木和针叶乔木的幼苗在较小尺度上多表现为聚集分布,主要阔叶乔木幼苗与大树在空间上呈正相关,主要针叶乔木幼苗与大树在空间上呈负相关。

     

  • 图  1  典型阔叶乔木和针叶乔木幼苗空间分布格局

    L12(r)在上、下包络线以内表现为随机分布,在上包络线以上表现为聚集分布,在下包络线以下表现为均匀分布。

    Figure  1.  Spatial distribution of typical broadleaved tree and coniferous tree seedlings

    L12(r) between up and low envelopes shows random distribution, that over the up envelops shows mustering distribution, and that below the low envelopes shows even distribution.

    图  2  主要阔叶乔木和针叶乔木幼苗与大树的分布及相关性

    L12(r)在上包络线以上为显著正相关,在下包络线以下为显著负相关。

    Figure  2.  Point diagram of individual distribution and the correlations of seedlings and adult trees

    L12(r) over the up envelops shows significantly positive correlation, L12(r) below the low envelops shows significantly negative correlation.

    表  1  乔木幼苗的数量特征

    Table  1.   Numeric characteristics of tree seedlings

    种名
    Species
    数量
    Number
    相对多度
    Relative abundance/%
    相对频度
    Relative frequency/%
    重要值
    Importance value
    水曲柳Fraxinus mandshurica 4 505 41.45 12.15 25.10
    色木槭Acer mono 1 405 12.93 18.28 10.84
    青楷槭Acer tegmentosum 1 397 12.85 13.93 10.80
    花楷槭Acer ukurunduensis 1 042 9.59 7.94 9.17
    假色槭Acer pseudo-sieboldianum 998 9.18 14.77 8.96
    簇毛槭Acer barbinerve 884 8.13 11.36 8.44
    红松Pinus koraiensis 248 2.28 7.75 5.51
    紫椴Tilia amurensis 202 1.85 6.39 4.95
    臭冷杉Abies nephrolepis 74 0.68 2.98 4.19
    春榆Ulmus japonica 28 0.26 1.31 3.45
    蒙古栎Quercus mongolica 31 0.29 1.36 3.12
    山杨Populus davidiana 25 0.23 0.84 2.39
    白桦Betula platyphylla 9 0.08 0.31 0.91
    怀槐Maackia amurensis 9 0.08 0.26 0.74
    鱼鳞云杉Picea jezoensis 5 0.05 0.16 0.72
    裂叶榆Ulmus laciniata 2 0 0.10 0.35
    山楂Crataegus pinnatifida 1 0 0.05 0.17
    合计Total 10 865 100 100 100
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Queenborough S A, Burslem D F, Garwood N C. Neighborhood and community interactions determine the spatial pattern of tropical tree seedling survival[J]. Ecology, 2007, 88: 2248-2258. doi: 10.1890/06-0737.1
    [2] 韩有志, 王政权.森林更新与空间异质性[J].应用生态学报, 2002, 13(5): 615-619. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2002.05.024

    Han Y Z, Wang Z Q. Spatial heterogeneity and forest regeneration[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2002, 13(5): 615-619. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2002.05.024
    [3] Christie D A, Armesto J J. Regeneration microsites and tree species coexistence in temperate rain forests of Chiloé Island, Chile[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2003, 91: 776-784. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2745.2003.00813.x
    [4] Muller-landau H C, Wright S J, Calderon O, et al. Interspecific variation in primary seed dispersal in a tropical forest[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2008, 96: 653-667. doi: 10.1111/jec.2008.96.issue-4
    [5] Hao Z Q, Zhang J, Song B, et al. Vertical structure and spatial associations of dominate tree species in an old growth temperate forest[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2007, 252: 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2007.06.026
    [6] Peterson J E, Baldwin A H. Seedling emergence from seed banks of tidal freshwater wetlands: response to inundation and sedimentation[J]. Aquatic Botany, 2004, 78: 243-254. doi: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2003.10.005
    [7] 张春雨, 赵秀海, 夏富才.长白山次生林树种空间分布及环境解释[J].林业科学, 2008, 44(8):1-8. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2008.08.001

    Zhang C Y, Zhao X H, Xia F C. Spatial distribution of tree species and environmental interpretations of secondary forest in Changbai Mountains[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2008, 44(8): 1-8. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2008.08.001
    [8] 张春雨.长白山针阔混交林种群结构及环境解释[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2009. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-2009134694.htm

    Zhang C Y. Population structure of tree species and environmental interpretation in coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest in Changbai Mountain[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2009. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-2009134694.htm
    [9] 徐振邦, 代力民, 陈吉泉, 等.长白山红松阔叶混交林森林天然更新条件的研究[J].生态学报, 2001, 21(9): 1413-1420. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2001.09.003

    Xu Z B, Dai L M, Chen J Q, et al. Natural regeneration condition in Pinus koraiensis broad-leaved mixed forest[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2001, 21(9): 1413-1420. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2001.09.003
    [10] 张健, 李步杭, 白雪娇, 等.长白山阔叶红松林乔木树种幼苗组成及其年际动态[J].生物多样性, 2009, 17(4): 385-396. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx200904007

    Zhang J, Li B H, Bai X J, et al. Composition and interannual dynamics of tree seedlings in broad-leaved Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest in Changbai Mountain[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17(4): 385-396. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx200904007
    [11] 刘帅, 肖翠, 王均伟, 等.长白山阔叶红松林乔木幼苗年际动态及影响因素[J].北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(11): 57-66. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160012

    Liu S, Xiao C, Wang J W, et al. Interannual seedling dynamic and influencing factors on seedling survival of tree species in a broadleaved Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest in Changbai Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(11): 57-66. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160012
    [12] 肖翠, 刘帅, 黄珍, 等.长白山阔叶红松林中影响乔木幼苗存活的关键因素分析[J].生态学报, 2015, 35 (19): 6557-6565.

    Xiao C, Liu S, Huang Z, et al. Effects of biotic and abiotic factors on tree seedling survival in a broad-leaved Korean pine(Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest on Changbai Mountain[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2015, 35(19): 6557-6565.
    [13] 张春雨, 赵秀海, 赵亚洲.长白山温带森林不同演替阶段群落结构特征[J].植物生态学报, 2009, 33(6): 1090-1100. doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2009.06.009

    Zhang C Y, Zhao X H, Zhao Y Z. Community structure in different successional stages in north temperate forests of Changbai Mountains, China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2009, 33(6): 1090-1100. doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2009.06.009
    [14] 倪瑞强, 唐景毅, 程艳霞, 等.长白山云冷杉林主要树种空间分布及其关联性[J].北京林业大学学报, 2013, 35(6): 28-35. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9070

    Ni R Q, Tang J Y, Cheng Y X, et al. Spatial distribution patterns and associations of main tree species in spruce-fir forest in Changbai Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2013, 35(6): 28-35. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9070
    [15] 任军, 徐程扬, 潘琳, 等.长白山阔叶红松林中水曲柳根呼吸及影响因素[J].北京林业大学学报, 2011, 33(1):11-15. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9509

    Ren J, Xu C Y, Pan L, et al. Root respiration of Fraxinus mandushurica and its controls in broadleaf-Korean pine mixed forest of Changbai Mountains[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2011, 33(1):11-15. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9509
    [16] 巩合德, 杨国平, 鲁志云, 等.哀牢山常绿阔叶林乔木树种的幼苗组成及时空分布特征[J].生物多样性, 2011, 19(2): 151-157. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201102005

    Gong H D, Yang G P, Lu Z Y, et al. Composition and spatio-temporal distribution of tree seedlings in an evergreen broad-leaved forest in the Ailao Mountains, Yunnan[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2011, 19(2): 151-157. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201102005
    [17] 李帅锋, 刘万德, 苏建荣, 等.普洱季风常绿阔叶林次生演替中木本植物幼苗更新特征[J].生态学报, 2012, 32(18): 5653-5662. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201218005

    Li S F, Liu W D, Su J R, et al. Woody seedling regeneration in secondary succession of monsoon broad-leaved evergreen forest in Puer, Yunnan, Southwest China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(18): 5653-5662. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201218005
    [18] Ripley B D. Modelling spatial pattern[J]. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B(Methodological), 1977, 39: 172-212. doi: 10.1111/rssb.1977.39.issue-2
    [19] 张金屯.植物种群空间分布的点格局分析[J].植物生态学报, 1998, 22(4): 344-349. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.1998.04.008

    Zhang J T. Analysis of spatial point pattern for plant species[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 1998, 22(4): 344-349. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.1998.04.008
    [20] 张春雨, 赵秀海, 王新怡, 等.长白山自然保护区红松阔叶林空间格局研究[J].北京林业大学学报, 2006, 28(增刊2): 45-51.

    Zhang C Y, Zhao X H, Wang X Y, et al. Spatial pattern and canopy structure of Korean pine broadleaved forests in Changbaishan Mountains[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2006, 28(Suppl. 2): 45-51.
    [21] 樊登星, 余新晓.北京山区栓皮栎林优势种群点格局分析[J].生态学报. 2016, 36(2):318-325. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=stxb201602005

    Fan D X, Yu X X. Spatial point pattern analysis of Quercus variabilis and Pinus tabulaeformis populations in a mountainous area of Beijing[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2016, 36(2): 318-325. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=stxb201602005
    [22] 常新华, 赵秀海, 曾凡勇, 等.长白山针阔混交林主要树种空间分布及其环境解释[J].北京林业大学学报, 2009, 31(1): 7-12. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2009.01.002

    Chang X H, Zhao X H, Zeng F Y, et al. Spatial distribution of main tree species and their environmental interpretations in conifer and broadleaved mixed forests of Changbai Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2009, 31(1): 7-12. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2009.01.002
    [23] 郭忠玲, 马元丹, 郑金萍, 等.长白山落叶阔叶混交林的物种多样性, 种群空间分布格局及种间关联性研究[J].应用生态学报, 2004, 15(11): 2013-2018. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2004.11.005

    Guo Z L, Ma Y D, Zheng J P, et al.Biodiversity of tree species, their populations' spatial distribution pattern and interspecific association in mixed deciduous broadleaved forest in Changbai Mountains[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2004, 15(11): 2013-2018. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2004.11.005
    [24] 韩有志, 王政权, 谷加存.林分光照空间异质性对水曲柳更新的影响[J].植物生态学报, 2004, 28(4): 468-475. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2004.04.004

    Han Y Z, Wang Z Q, Gu J C. The effect of spatial heterogeneity of understorey light availability on regeneration of Manchurian ash[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2004, 28(4): 468-475. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2004.04.004
    [25] 韩有志, 王政权.天然次生林中水曲柳种子的扩散格局[J].植物生态学报, 2002, 26(1): 51-57. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2002.01.009

    Han Y Z, Wang Z Q. Spatial pattern of manchurian seed dispersal in secondary hardwood forests[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2002, 26(1): 51-57. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2002.01.009
    [26] 陈香茗, 赵秀海, 夏富才, 等.长白山紫椴种子雨的时空分布格局[J].东北林业大学学报, 2011, 39(1): 7-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2011.01.003

    Chen X M, Zhao X H, Xia F C, et al. Spatiotemporal dynamics of seed rain of Tilia amurensis in forest stands in Changbai Mountain[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2011, 39(1): 7-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2011.01.003
    [27] 陈香茗.长白山阔叶红松林种子雨及幼苗时空动态研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2011. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1011135021.htm

    Chen X M. Spatiotemporal dynamics of seed rain and seedling in Broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forests in Changbai Mountain[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2011. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1011135021.htm
    [28] 李俊清, 李景文.中国东北小兴安岭阔叶红松林更新及其恢复研究[J].生态学报, 2003, 23(7): 1268-1277. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2003.07.003

    Li J Q, Li J W. Regeneration and restoration of broad-leaved Korean pine forests in Lesser Xing'an Mountains of Northeast China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2003, 23(7): 1268-1277. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2003.07.003
    [29] 张国春.长白山阔叶红松林红松更新与生长规律[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2011. http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Thesis/Y2004900

    Zhang G C. Regeneration and growth of Pinus koraiensis in broadleaved Korean pine forest of Changbai Mountain[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2011. http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Thesis/Y2004900
    [30] 李晓亮, 王洪, 郑征, 等.西双版纳热带森林树种幼苗的组成、空间分布和旱季存活[J].植物生态学报, 2009, 33(4): 658-671. doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2009.04.004

    Li X L, Wang H, Zheng Z, et al. Composition, spatial distribution and survival during the dry season of tree seedlings in a tropical forest in Xishuangbanna, SW China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2009, 33(4): 658-671. doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2009.04.004
    [31] Mason W L, Edwards C, Hale S E. Survival and early seedling growth of conifers with different shade tolerance in a Sitka spruce spacing trial and relationship to understory light climate[J]. Silva Fennica, 2004, 38: 357-370.
    [32] Poorter L, Rose S. Light-dependent changes in the relationship between seed mass and seedling traits: a meta-analysis for rain forest tree species[J]. Oecologia, 2005, 142: 378-387. doi: 10.1007/s00442-004-1732-y
    [33] Silvera K, Skillman J B, Dalling J W. Seed germination, seedling growth and habitat partitioning in two morphotypes of the tropical pioneer tree Trema micrantha in a seasonal forest in Panama[J]. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 2003, 19: 27-34. doi: 10.1017/S0266467403003043
    [34] Wright S J, Muller-landau H C, Calderon O, et al. Annual and spatial variation in seed fall and seedling recruitment in a neotropical forest[J]. Ecology, 2005, 86: 848-860. doi: 10.1890/03-0750
  • 加载中
图(2) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1087
  • HTML全文浏览量:  213
  • PDF下载量:  89
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-10-13
  • 修回日期:  2017-12-22
  • 刊出日期:  2018-02-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回