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马尾松不同半同胞家系产脂力、松脂组分分析与评价

吴东山 杨章旗 黄永利

吴东山, 杨章旗, 黄永利. 马尾松不同半同胞家系产脂力、松脂组分分析与评价[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(2): 53-61. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170377
引用本文: 吴东山, 杨章旗, 黄永利. 马尾松不同半同胞家系产脂力、松脂组分分析与评价[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(2): 53-61. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170377
Wu Dongshan, Yang Zhangqi, Huang Yongli. Analysis and evaluation of resin productivity and resin component among different half sibling families of Pinus massoniana[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(2): 53-61. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170377
Citation: Wu Dongshan, Yang Zhangqi, Huang Yongli. Analysis and evaluation of resin productivity and resin component among different half sibling families of Pinus massoniana[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(2): 53-61. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170377

马尾松不同半同胞家系产脂力、松脂组分分析与评价

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170377
基金项目: 

广西科技重大专项 桂AA17204087-1

广西林业科技项目 桂林科字201601

“十三五”重点研发项目 2017YFD0600303

广西科技重大专项 桂AA17204087-4

广西科技基地和人才专项 桂AD16380010

详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴东山,工程师。主要研究方向:松树育种及松脂化学研究。Email:wudshan@126.com  地址:530002  广西南宁市邕武路23号

    责任作者:

    杨章旗,博士,教授级高级工程师。主要研究方向:林木遗传育种。Email:yangzhangqi@163.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S722.5

Analysis and evaluation of resin productivity and resin component among different half sibling families of Pinus massoniana

  • 摘要: 目的研究马尾松半同胞家系产脂力和松脂主要组分的遗传变异规律及其相关性,为优质、高产脂马尾松良种的选育提供科学依据。方法以广西南宁市林科所20年生马尾松半同胞家系为研究对象,利用GC-MS气质色谱仪对48个马尾松家系松脂组分进行测定分析。结果结果表明:马尾松产脂力、松脂萜类中α-蒎烯、β-蒎烯、长叶烯、石竹烯,树脂酸中左旋海松酸、山达海松酸、枞酸、去氢枞酸、新枞酸的家系效应均极显著,家系遗传力分别为0.654、0.625、0.697、0.532、0.408、0.344、0.575、0.295、0.477、0.648,单株遗传力分别为0.504、0.559、0.624、0.418、0.322、0.269、0.511、0.225、0.378、0.589,受到不同强度的遗传控制;产脂力与松脂萜类及树脂酸主要成分的相关关系不一致,其中产脂力与α-蒎烯、长叶烯呈极显著正相关,与β-蒎烯、石竹烯则为极显著负相关;萜类组分之间,α-蒎烯与β-蒎烯、石竹烯呈显著负相关;产脂力与海松酸型树脂酸呈极显著正相关,与枞酸型树脂酸遗传相关性不显著;萜类与树脂酸主要组分呈显著正相关;树脂酸组分之间,海松酸型与枞酸型树脂酸呈显著正相关。结论在进行家系产脂力及目标松脂组分选择时,发现家系产脂力的排名与α-蒎烯、枞酸、去氢枞酸的排名顺序较为接近,而β-蒎烯、左旋海松酸排名顺序比较接近。可根据不同应用需求展开优良家系的选择。

     

  • 表  1  马尾松家系产脂力及松脂主要组分百分含量统计分析

    Table  1.   Resin producing capacity and component content analysis of Masson pine family

    分类
    Classification
    变量
    Variable
    均值
    Mean value/%
    标准差
    Standard deviation
    变幅
    Amplitude/%
    变异系数
    Variation coefficient/%
    单萜Monoterpene α-蒎烯α-pinene 14.28 1.18 10.25~16.34 31.65
    β-蒎烯β-pinene 1.67 0.21 0.56~2.01 16.39
    崁烯Camphene 0.49 2.37 0.26~0.96 30.88
    月桂烯Laurene 0.28 0.87 0.01~0.61 34.54
    三环烯Tricyclene 0.05 1.66 0.01~0.09 26.45
    3-蒈烯3-carene 0.04 0.79 0.01~0.07 23.73
    总计Total 16.81
    倍半萜Sesquiterpene 长叶烯Longifolene 2.02 0.15 1.03~3.78 40.23
    石竹烯Caryophyllene 1.15 0.07 0.61~1.63 48.69
    α-律草烯α-Humulene 0.09 0.65 0.06~0.13 40.15
    α-柏木烯α-Cedrene 0.09 1.79 0.02~0.14 23.61
    总计Total 4.60
    二萜类Diterpene 左旋海松酸Levopimaric acid 38.58 4.31 31.19~42.57 20.17
    枞酸Abietic acid 13.22 2.14 9.22~16.18 12.15
    新枞酸Neoabietic acid 12.29 2.01 10.04~14.25 19.73
    山达海松酸Sandaracopic acid 5.92 0.52 3.41~7.07 27.85
    去氢枞酸Dehydroabietic acid 3.67 0.28 1.98~6.69 51.62
    海松酸Pimaric acid 0.76 1.29 0.35~0.98 36.19
    6, 8, 11,13-枞四烯酸Abietadienoic acid 0.75 2.58 0.45~0.95 24.09
    7, 13, 15-枞三烯酸Abietadienoic acid 0.71 1.27 0.45~0.89 25.78
    8, 15-枞二烯酸Abietadienoic acid 0.45 2.23 0.21~0.63 30.13
    异海松酸Isopimaric acid 0.29 0.72 0.01~0.38 29.65
    山达海松醛Sandaracopimaral 0.25 3.33 0.13~0.47 32.19
    总计Total 76.89
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  马尾松家系松脂主要组分百分含量均值汇总表

    Table  2.   Resin component content analysis of Masson pine family

    %
    家系
    Family
    α-蒎烯
    α-pinene
    β-蒎烯
    β-pinene
    长叶稀
    Longifolene
    左旋海松酸
    Levopimaric acid
    去氢纵酸
    Dehydroabietic acid
    枞酸
    Abietic acid
    新枞酸
    Neoabietic acid
    15 36.285 2 14.418 6 1.603 8 24.846 4 0.815 4 4.336 2 8.706 4
    29 36.665 2 11.556 4 1.782 0 17.085 6 0.550 8 5.637 6 8.595 4
    54 40.030 2 7.468 2 0.869 4 24.598 6 1.807 8 7.614 0 8.167 8
    42 41.351 8 11.244 8 1.560 6 24.266 6 1.270 0 8.299 8 8.044 4
    6 40.950 2 8.148 6 0.745 2 15.784 2 1.296 0 13.744 0 7.485 4
    32 18.851 4 8.791 4 0.415 8 20.152 8 1.770 2 12.313 0 7.000 4
    16 39.943 8 6.566 4 1.821 8 27.107 2 1.345 6 12.701 0 6.715 2
    51 32.924 6 12.224 8 1.356 6 18.360 0 1.037 2 12.345 0 6.223 8
    3 39.787 6 9.382 0 0.772 2 20.849 4 0.280 8 2.597 4 6.040 6
    33 30.348 0 5.074 4 2.425 6 25.326 6 2.075 6 12.354 0 5.950 8
    35 36.007 2 7.219 8 1.046 6 24.024 6 0.853 2 7.446 6 5.950 8
    47 34.441 2 8.785 8 1.576 8 21.967 2 0.324 0 7.857 0 5.766 2
    20 20.714 4 11.913 2 1.393 2 24.366 8 0.394 2 10.136 0 5.756 4
    19 34.435 8 10.611 0 1.069 2 18.138 6 0.415 8 9.525 6 5.718 6
    28 33.760 8 10.681 2 0.631 8 23.733 0 0.081 0 9.012 6 5.583 6
    44 30.704 4 6.776 4 2.683 8 20.579 4 1.112 4 7.182 0 5.583 6
    50 27.577 8 6.934 4 1.274 4 20.845 4 1.066 2 4.800 6 5.475 6
    30 22.604 4 8.343 8 0.399 6 23.938 2 0.156 6 6.226 2 5.457 4
    49 27.864 0 5.168 6 1.750 6 23.328 0 0.459 0 3.510 0 5.437 8
    48 39.684 6 7.597 8 1.657 8 20.665 8 0.399 6 7.144 2 5.432 4
    10 26.605 8 7.550 0 1.563 0 23.954 4 0.459 0 3.121 2 5.400 0
    31 21.556 8 8.400 2 1.530 6 23.716 8 0.297 0 5.950 8 5.367 6
    26 15.692 4 6.384 4 1.150 2 22.761 0 0.432 0 6.728 4 5.365 6
    52 32.692 4 4.714 2 1.684 8 24.626 0 0.135 0 6.998 4 5.297 4
    34 28.890 0 3.883 4 1.636 2 23.684 4 0.259 2 7.036 2 5.258 6
    37 38.242 8 8.613 0 1.625 4 22.609 8 0.842 4 5.929 2 5.248 8
    55 34.873 2 10.546 2 1.560 6 18.414 0 0.307 8 6.183 0 5.178 6
    40 21.686 4 8.794 4 1.816 4 19.888 2 1.564 0 13.409 0 5.157 0
    25 34.430 4 7.079 8 1.566 0 20.791 0 1.124 8 6.571 8 5.097 6
    4 21.087 0 9.942 2 1.317 6 22.960 8 0.216 0 2.997 0 5.086 8
    27 34.651 8 9.045 0 1.360 8 23.279 4 0.799 2 8.181 0 5.065 2
    43 17.436 6 9.715 8 0.793 8 18.592 2 0.599 4 6.993 0 5.032 8
    2 19.494 0 8.880 8 1.144 8 20.142 0 0.540 0 6.804 0 4.957 2
    53 26.838 0 8.246 6 1.198 8 17.755 2 0.534 6 6.399 0 4.924 8
    45 23.646 6 9.731 6 0.410 4 13.467 6 0.189 0 6.150 6 4.757 4
    39 34.543 8 10.341 0 1.541 4 22.410 0 0.156 6 6.501 6 4.546 8
    46 25.785 0 8.279 0 1.609 2 21.054 6 0.469 8 6.750 0 4.433 4
    7 21.027 6 9.944 6 1.506 6 19.575 0 0.108 0 4.924 8 4.320 0
    21 23.479 2 9.704 6 2.015 2 23.268 6 0.421 2 5.243 4 4.271 4
    36 26.546 4 6.232 4 1.155 6 21.286 8 0.259 2 5.540 4 4.179 6
    38 28.528 2 6.691 4 0.901 8 21.373 2 0.145 8 6.674 4 4.163 4
    41 32.038 2 3.500 0 1.771 2 15.784 2 0.815 4 10.363 0 4.055 4
    18 22.426 2 9.573 0 0.415 8 18.057 6 0.243 0 4.244 4 3.974 4
    14 27.734 4 7.296 2 1.209 6 18.667 8 1.090 6 4.806 0 3.936 6
    9 29.926 8 11.942 8 0.583 2 26.678 0 0.291 6 13.536 0 3.877 2
    8 21.475 8 9.906 8 0.642 6 18.160 2 0.108 0 4.228 2 3.493 8
    11 32.232 6 6.900 6 0.783 0 21.022 2 0.599 4 4.352 4 3.375 0
    24 22.237 2 8.021 2 2.202 2 21.686 4 0.982 8 5.275 8 3.369 6
    22 28.323 0 7.112 6 1.906 4 20.665 8 0.199 8 4.865 4 3.310 2
    5 39.214 0 5.055 2 0.507 6 22.690 8 0.280 8 4.789 8 3.223 8
    1 32.929 2 4.175 0 0.675 0 21.648 6 0.982 8 6.987 6 3.148 2
    56 43.658 8 6.156 8 1.004 4 20.077 2 2.195 9 14.406 0 3.137 4
    12 24.532 2 9.969 2 0.070 2 22.431 6 0.297 0 3.877 2 2.878 2
    23 22.032 0 11.857 2 1.926 2 21.266 6 0.102 6 5.529 6 2.786 4
    17 14.585 4 10.507 2 1.204 2 23.317 2 0.955 8 5.734 8 1.485 0
    13 27.221 4 11.418 0 1.436 4 23.781 6 0.237 6 6.480 0 1.096 2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  马尾松产脂力及松脂主要组分的方差分析及遗传力估算

    Table  3.   Variance and heritability estimate analysis of resin producing capacity and component of Masson pine

    性状
    Character
    区组
    Block
    家系
    Family
    家系×区组
    Block×family
    家系遗传力
    Family heritability
    单株遗传力
    Idividual heritability
    产脂力Resin-productivity 3.59 0.17** 1.86 0.654 0.504
    α-蒎烯α-pinene 2.17* 0.33** 3.09 0.625 0.559
    β-蒎烯β-pinene 0.86 0.25* 1.12 0.697 0.624
    长叶烯Longifolene 0.27* 0.06** 0.35 0.532 0.418
    石竹烯Caryophyllene 0.12 0.07* 0.11 0.408 0.322
    左旋海松酸Levopimaric acid 4.25 1.28** 3.29 0.344 0.269
    山达海松酸Sandaracopic acid 1.33* 1.24* 2.21 0.575 0.511
    枞酸Abietic acid 0.55* 0.16** 0.58* 0.295 0.225
    去氢枞酸Dehydroabietic acid 2.47 1.61* 2.37 0.477 0.378
    新枞酸Neoabietic acid 0.18** 0.15** 0.98 0.648 0.589
    注:*表示0.05水平上差异显著,**表示0.01水平上差异显著。下同。Notes: * indicates significant difference at P < 0.05 level,** indicates extremely significant difference at P < 0.01 level. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  马尾松家系产脂力及松脂主要组分间相关分析

    Table  4.   Correlation analysis of resin-producing capacity and main component oleoresin of Pinus massoniana

    变异源
    Variation source
    产脂力
    Resin-productivity
    α-蒎烯
    α-pinene
    β-蒎烯
    β-pinene
    长叶烯
    Longifolene
    石竹烯
    Caryophy-llene
    左旋海松酸
    Levopimaric acid
    山达海松酸
    Sandaracopic acid
    枞酸
    Abietic acid
    去氢枞酸
    Dehydroabie-tic acid
    新枞酸
    Neoabietic acid
    产脂力Resin-productivity 1.00
    α-蒎烯α-pinene 0.65** 1.00
    β-蒎烯β-pinene -0.53** -0.62* 1.00
    长叶烯Longifolene 0.69** 0.09 0.11 1.00
    石竹烯Caryophyllene -0.46** -0.41* 0.13 -0.05 1.00
    左旋海松酸Levopimaric acid 0.58** 0.36* 0.39* 0.27* 0.53* 1.00
    山达海松酸Sandaracopic acid 0.75** 0.29* 0.42* 0.35* 0.49* 0.87** 1.00
    枞酸Abietic acid 0.15 0.38* 0.47* 0.29* 0.46* 0.44* 0.65* 1.00
    去氢枞酸Dehydroabietic acid 0.19 0.35* 0.55* 0.41* 0.55* 0.36* 0.54* 0.61* 1.00
    新枞酸Neoabietic acid 0.14 0.40* 0.44* 0.38* 0.33* 0.49* 0.55* 0.83** 0.35* 1.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  马尾松家系产脂力及松脂目标组分的家系选择

    Table  5.   Family selecting of resin producing capacity and component of Pinus massoniana

    性状Character 优良家系排Superior family ranking
    产脂力Resin-productivity 54 56 6 33 42 40 32 16
    α-蒎烯α-pinene 56 42 6 54 3 5 29 15
    β-蒎烯β-pinene 15 51 9 20 23 42 29 13
    长叶烯Longifolene 49 33 24 21 23 22 16 40
    左旋海松酸Levopimaric acid 16 9 33 15 52 54 20 42
    枞酸Abietic acid 56 6 9 40 16 51 33 32
    去氢枞酸Dehydroabietic acid 56 33 54 32 16 40 6 42
    新枞酸Neoabietic acid 15 29 54 42 6 33 16 51
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-10-19
  • 修回日期:  2018-04-09
  • 刊出日期:  2019-02-01

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