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菏泽和洛阳芍药品种资源表型多样性研究

万映伶 刘爱青 张孔英 刘燕

万映伶, 刘爱青, 张孔英, 刘燕. 菏泽和洛阳芍药品种资源表型多样性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(3): 110-121. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170380
引用本文: 万映伶, 刘爱青, 张孔英, 刘燕. 菏泽和洛阳芍药品种资源表型多样性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(3): 110-121. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170380
Wan Yingling, Liu Aiqing, Zhang Kongying, Liu Yan. Phenotype diversity of herbaceous peony variety resources in Heze, Shandong of eastern China and Luoyang, Henan of central China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(3): 110-121. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170380
Citation: Wan Yingling, Liu Aiqing, Zhang Kongying, Liu Yan. Phenotype diversity of herbaceous peony variety resources in Heze, Shandong of eastern China and Luoyang, Henan of central China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(3): 110-121. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170380

菏泽和洛阳芍药品种资源表型多样性研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170380
基金项目: 

北京市科委重大项目“四类中国传统名花良种繁育及花期调控技术研究” D161100001916004

详细信息
    作者简介:

    万映伶。主要研究方向:园林植物资源与利用。Email: 18811581510@163.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院

    责任作者:

    刘燕,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:园林植物资源与利用。Email: chblyan@163.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S682.1+2

Phenotype diversity of herbaceous peony variety resources in Heze, Shandong of eastern China and Luoyang, Henan of central China

  • 摘要: 目的芍药是我国优良的传统花卉,有丰富的品种资源。菏泽和洛阳是我国芍药的主要栽培地,品种资源最为丰富,但目前两地的品种表型多样性研究较少,不利于种质资源的保护、开发与利用。方法本文选取山东菏泽和河南洛阳栽培的芍药240种,利用28个表型性状,采用主成分分析、因子分析和聚类分析方法进行多样性研究。结果芍药数量性状和质量性状的遗传多样性指数范围分别为1.98~2.10和0.28~1.94,绝大多数性状的多样性水平较高。提取前10个主成分,并将因子荷载矩阵经Varimax方差最大正交旋转后,得到影响芍药表型的10个主要因子,依次为高度、花色数、侧蕾及长势、花型、瓣化、叶型及花径、花期、茎色、小叶卷度和花蕾;聚类分析结果显示240个品种被分为6大组群,前4大组群分别包括69个、67个、16个和84个品种。第5组群和第6组群分别仅有1个和3个品种,推测这4个品种与其余236个品种的来源不同。结论本研究明确了菏泽、洛阳两地的240个芍药品种的表型多样性特点与亲缘关系,今后在芍药新品种培育选育亲本时,应着重考虑株高、花枝长、花色数、植株长势、花型、雄蕊瓣化情况及颜色等因素,同时注意选取聚类图中间隔距离较远的品种。

     

  • 图  1  240个芍药品种基于表型性状的聚类分析

    图中数字编号对应的品种名见表 1

    Figure  1.  Cluster map based on phenotypic traits of 240 herbaceous peony cultivars

    The number of species in the corresponding graph is shown in Tab. 1

    表  1  240个芍药品种名录

    Table  1.   Directory of 240 kinds of herbaceous peony

    编号No. 品种名Cultivar 编号No. 品种名Cultivar
    38 ‘蝶恋花’‘Dielianhua’ 167 ‘桃花飞雪’‘Taohuafeixue’
    189 ‘绚丽多彩’‘Xuanliduocai’ 17 ‘百花紫’‘Baihuazi’
    129 ‘莲台’‘Liantai’ 173 ‘透云蓝’‘Touyunlan’
    8 ‘99-8’* 46 ‘粉池滴翠’‘Fenchidicui’
    40 ‘东方红’‘Dongfanghong ’ 47 ‘粉池金鱼’‘Fenchijinyu’
    95 ‘红盘撒金’‘Hongpansajin’ 43 ‘妒花魁’‘Duhuakui’
    235 ‘紫金球’‘Zijinqiu’ 221 ‘赵园粉’‘Zhaoyuanfen’
    184 ‘向阳奇花’‘Xiangyangqihua’ 63 ‘粉珠盘’‘Fenzhupan’
    232 ‘紫芙蓉’‘Zifurong’ 54 ‘粉绫红珠’‘Fenlinghongzhu’
    10 ‘99-10’* 61 ‘粉绣球’‘Fenxiuqiu’
    139 ‘美菊’‘Meiju’ 105 ‘红珠映玉’‘Hongzhuyingyu’
    148 ‘巧玲’‘Qiaoling’ 35 ‘大叶粉’‘Dayefen’
    112 ‘黄玉簪’‘Huangyuzan’ 58 ‘粉盘藏珠’‘Fenpancangzhu’
    68 ‘凤羽落金池’‘Fengyuluojinchi’ 168 ‘桃花焕彩’‘Taohuahuancai’
    197 ‘胭脂点玉’‘Yanzhidianyu’ 51 ‘粉魁’‘Fenkui’
    29 ‘春晓’‘Chunxiao’ 169 ‘桃花系金’‘Taohuaxijin’
    66 ‘凤巢邹羽’‘Fengchaozouyu’ 150 ‘清婴’‘Qingying’
    118 ‘金心烂漫’‘Jinxinlanman’ 187 ‘蟹爪’‘Xiezhua’
    119 ‘金星闪烁’‘Jinxinshanshuo’ 15 ‘白玉盘’‘Baiyupan’
    147 ‘奇花露霜’‘Qihualushuang’ 67 ‘凤凰涅槃’‘Fenghuangniepan’
    237 ‘紫绒系金’‘Zirongxijin’ 49 ‘粉芙蓉’‘Fenfurong’
    125 ‘蓝菊’‘Lanju’ 50 ‘粉荷’‘Fenhe’
    217 ‘枣园红’‘Zaoyuanhong’ 52 ‘粉莲’‘Fenlian’
    220 ‘赵彩霞’‘Zhaocaixia’ 7 ‘99-7’*
    113 ‘绘翠’‘Huicui’ 9 ‘99-9’*
    83 ‘红冠芳’‘Hongguanfang’ 186 ‘笑靥’‘Xiaoye’
    144 ‘盘托绒花’‘Pantuoronghua’ 204 ‘银龙含珠’‘Yinlonghanzhu’
    157 ‘群蝶飞舞’‘Qundiefeiwu’ 27 ‘雏鹅展翅’‘Chuezhanchi’
    191 ‘雪盖黄沙’‘Xuegaihuangsha’ 81 ‘红凤’‘Hongfeng’
    70 ‘富丽’‘Fuli’ 182 ‘袭人’‘Xiren’
    111 ‘黄金轮’‘Huangjinlun’ 170 ‘桃花雪’‘Taohuaxue’
    110 ‘黄金带’‘Huangjindai’ 177 ‘乌龙戏珠’‘Wulongxizhu’
    89 ‘红龙闹海’‘Honglongnaohai’ 55 ‘粉楼系金’‘Fenlouxijin’
    183 ‘霞光’‘Xiaguang’ 165 ‘双红楼’‘Shuanghonglou’
    82 ‘红富士’‘Hongfushi’ 72 ‘高杆红’‘Gaoganhong’
    45 ‘多叶紫’‘Duoyezi’ 216 ‘枣红’‘Zaohong’
    152 ‘晴雯’‘Qingwen’ 99 ‘红绣球’‘Hongxiuqiu’
    145 ‘平顶红’‘Pingdinghong’ 143 ‘墨紫绫’‘Moziling’
    32 ‘大富贵’‘Dafugui’ 142 ‘墨紫含金’‘Mozihanjin’
    79 ‘红凤换羽’‘Hongfenghuanyu’ 97 ‘红色女神’‘Hongsenüshen’
    149 ‘巧云’‘Qiaoyun’ 222 ‘赵园红’‘Zhaoyuanhong’
    163 ‘胜桃花’‘Shengtaohua’ 28 ‘垂头红’‘Chuitouhong’
    74 ‘海棠红’‘Haitanghong’ 77 ‘黑绣球’‘Heixiuqiu’
    181 ‘西施兰’‘Xishilan’ 42 ‘东海朝阳’‘Donghaichaoyang’
    31 ‘大地皆春’‘Dadijiechun’ 196 ‘雅红’‘Yahong’
    205 ‘银线绣红袍’‘Yinxianxiuhongpao’ 37 ‘丹心向阳’‘Danxinxiangyang’
    224 ‘种生红’‘Zhongshenghong’ 156 ‘曲叶红’‘Quyehong’
    200 ‘艳阳天’‘Yanyangtian’ 137 ‘玫瑰紫’‘Meiguizi’
    218 ‘长茎红’‘Changjinghong’ 228 ‘竹叶红’‘Zhuyehong’
    128 ‘老来红’‘Laolaihong’ 102 ‘红艳争辉’‘Hongyanzhenghui’
    80 ‘红峰’‘Hongfeng’ 22 ‘苍龙’‘Canglong’
    100 ‘红艳飞霜’‘Hongyanfeishuang’ 178 ‘乌蓬烟波’‘Wupengyanbo’
    85 ‘红金刚’‘Hongjingang’ 208 ‘永生红’‘Yongshenghong’
    101 ‘红艳争光’‘Hongyanzhengguang’ 86 ‘红菊’‘Hongju’
    87 ‘红魁’‘Hongkui’ 161 ‘少女妆’‘Shaonüzhuang’
    84 ‘红花露霜’‘Honghualushuang’ 226 ‘朱砂判’‘Zhushapan’
    206 ‘英模红’‘Yingmohong’ 231 ‘紫凤羽’‘Zifengyu’
    154 ‘向天歌’‘Xiangtiange’ 91 ‘红毛菊’‘Hongmaoju’
    240 ‘紫雁飞霜’‘Ziyanfeishuang’ 114 ‘火炬’‘Huoju’
    126 ‘蓝田碧玉’‘Lantianbiyu’ 103 ‘红羽球’‘Hongyuqiu’
    127 ‘蓝田飘香’‘Lantianpiaoxiang’ 176 ‘万寿红’‘Wanshouhong’
    78 ‘红茶花’‘Hongchahua’ 219 ‘长寿红’‘Changshouhong’
    214 ‘圆叶锦球’‘Yuanyejinqiu’ 104 ‘红云迎日’‘Hongyunyingri’
    233 ‘紫光霞配’‘Ziguangxiapei’ 164 ‘狮头紫’‘Shitouzi’
    107 ‘湖水荡霞’‘Hushuidangxia’ 88 ‘红绫赤金’‘Honglingchijin’
    23 ‘藏金阁’‘Cangjinge’ 92 ‘红玫瑰’‘Hongmeigui’
    75 ‘海云紫’‘Haiyunzi’ 69 ‘富贵红’‘Fuguihong’
    71 ‘富士’‘Fushi’ 175 ‘晚红’‘Wanhong’
    96 ‘红袍藏金’‘Hongpaocangjin’ 153 ‘擎天红’‘Qingtianhong’
    16 ‘百花魁’‘Baihuakui’ 132 ‘柳叶红’‘Liuyehong’
    162 ‘生丝绫’‘Shengsiling’ 155 ‘庆云红’‘Qingyunhong’
    131 ‘玲珑玉’‘Linglongyu’ 135 ‘玫瑰红’‘Meiguihong’
    194 ‘雪山紫玉’‘Xueshanziyu’ 115 ‘火炼赤金’‘Huolianchijin’
    190 ‘雪峰’‘Xuefeng’ 136 ‘玫瑰飘香’‘Meiguipiaoxiang’
    56 ‘粉银针’‘Fenyinzhen’ 65 ‘风华正茂’‘Fenghuazhengmao’
    120 ‘金簪刺玉’‘Jinzanciyu’ 122 ‘菊峰’‘Jufeng’
    116 ‘金带围’‘Jindaiwei’ 215 ‘月照山河’‘Yuezhaoshanhe’
    4 ‘99-4’* 236 ‘紫绫’‘Ziling’
    123 ‘昆山霞光’‘Kunshanxiaguang’ 166 ‘霜凌红’‘Shuanglinghong’
    25 ‘迟粉’‘Chifen’ 201 ‘艳紫向阳’‘Yanzixiangyang’
    202 ‘杨妃出浴’‘Yangfeichuyu’ 172 ‘铁杆紫’‘Tieganzi’
    5 ‘99-5’* 174 ‘娃娃面’‘Wawamian’
    141 ‘迷你’‘Mini’ 223 ‘种生粉’‘Zhongshengfen’
    171 ‘天山红星’‘Tianshanhongxing’ 212 ‘玉芙蓉’‘Yufurong’
    20 ‘冰青’‘Bingqing’ 18 ‘百园紫’‘Baiyuanzi’
    159 ‘纱巾贯顶’‘Shajinguanding’ 239 ‘紫艳风波’‘Ziyanfengbo’
    13 ‘白玉冰’‘Baiyubing’ 53 ‘粉绫红花’‘Fenglinghonghua’
    109 ‘黄鹤羽’‘Huangheyu’ 179 ‘五彩迎日’‘Wucaiyingri’
    21 ‘冰山’‘Bingshan’ 210 ‘雨花石’‘Yuhuashi’
    213 ‘玉花龙’‘Yuhualong’ 1 ‘99-1’*
    192 ‘雪山红星’‘Xueshanhongxing’ 2 ‘99-2’*
    108 ‘花红重楼’‘Huahongchonglou’ 6 ‘99-6’*
    209 ‘鱼鳞红’‘Yulinhong’ 44 ‘多花玫瑰’‘Duohuameigui’
    140 ‘美人面’‘Meirenmian’ 229 ‘壮士’‘Zhuangshi’
    26 ‘赤龙献彩’‘Chilongxiancai’ 34 ‘大红袍’‘Dahongpao’
    133 ‘鲁红’‘Luhong’ 121 ‘锦山红’‘Jinshanhong’
    130 ‘烈火金刚’‘Liehuojingang’ 33 ‘大红赤金’‘Dahongchijin’
    234 ‘紫红阁’‘Zihongge’ 134 ‘满江红’‘Manjianghong’
    160 ‘山河红’‘Shanhehong’ 207 ‘英雄花’‘Yingxionghua’
    227 ‘珠光’‘Zhuguang’ 198 ‘艳丽’‘Yanli’
    146 ‘平顶紫’‘Pingdingzi’ 230 ‘紫凤朝阳’‘Zifengchaoyang’
    188 ‘旭日照红岩’‘Xurizhaohongyan’ 19 ‘遍地红’‘Biandihong’
    98 ‘红霞藏金’‘Hongxiacangjin’ 238 ‘紫檀镶玉’‘Zitanxiangyu’
    106 ‘湖光山色’‘Huguangshanse’ 138 ‘玫红争润’‘Meihongzhengrun’
    73 ‘贵妃插翠’‘Guifeichacui’ 199 ‘艳丽红’‘Yanlihong’
    76 ‘鹤落粉池’‘Heluofeichi’ 36 ‘丹凤’‘Danfeng’
    41 ‘东方少女’‘Dongfangshaonü’ 93 ‘红梅’‘Hongmei’
    60 ‘粉塔’‘Fenta’ 203 ‘银红皱’‘Yinhongzhou’
    225 ‘朱砂点玉’‘Zhushadianyu’ 211 ‘玉翠荷花’‘Yucuihehua’
    64 ‘粉妆园’‘Fenzhuangyuan’ 158 ‘日照山河’‘Rizhaoshanhe’
    124 ‘蓝海碧波’‘Lanhaibibo’ 195 ‘雪映朝霞’‘Xueyingzhaoxia’
    48 ‘粉翠球’‘Fencuiqiu’ 151 ‘晴空万里’‘Qingkongwanli’
    57 ‘粉面桃花’‘Fenmiantaohua’ 39 ‘蝶落粉池’‘Dieluofenchi’
    14 ‘白玉楼’‘Baiyulou’ 62 ‘粉玉奴’‘Fenyunü’
    185 ‘小天鹅’‘Xiaotiane’ 90 ‘红玛瑙’‘Hongmanao’
    24 ‘晨曦’‘Chenxi’ 94 ‘红盘金球’‘Hongpanjinqiu’
    193 ‘雪山金辉’‘Xueshanjinhui’ 117 ‘金奖红’‘Jinjianghong’
    30 ‘瓷白’‘Cibai’ 3 ‘99-3’*
    180 ‘西施粉’‘Xishifen’ 11 ‘99-11’*
    59 ‘粉球’‘Fenqiu’ 12 ‘99-12’*
    注:标*的品种为国际牡丹园新培育的未定名品种。Note: cultivars with * refer to the unnamed peonies which were cultivated by International Peony Garden recently.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  芍药品种表型性状及其编码表

    Table  2.   Genotype traits and codes of Paeonia lactiflora cultivars

    性状Trait 编码Code 性状Trait 编码Code
    株高Plant height/cm 测量值Measurement 生长势Growth vigor 弱(0), 一般(1), 强(2)
    Weak(0), general(1), well(2)
    花枝长Flower branch length/cm 测量值Measurement 花色数
    Flower color quantity
    1(0), 2(1), ≥3(2)
    蕾径
    Flower bud diameter/cm
    测量值Measurement 首片复叶顶生小叶数
    Number of top leaflet of first compound leaves
    3(0), 4~5(1), ≥6(2)
    花径
    Flower diameter/cm
    测量值Measurement 叶柄与花枝角度
    Petiole and stem angle
    小(0), 中(1), 大(2)Small(0), medium(1), big(2)
    花高
    Flower height/cm
    测量值Measurement 小叶内卷程度Leaflet inward curl 无或极轻(0), 轻(1), 中(2), 重(3)None or very light(0), light(1), medium(2), heavy(3)
    花梗长
    Pedicel length/cm
    测量值Measurement 小叶叶缘波状程度
    Wavy margin of leaflet
    无或极轻(0), 轻(1), 中(2), 重(3) None or very light(0), light(1), medium(2), heavy(3)
    顶小叶基部连合
    The base of top leaflet combination
    否(0), 是(1)No(0), yes(1) 复叶上表面色
    Surface color of compound leaves
    浅绿(0), 中等绿(1), 深绿(2), 紫红(3)Light green(0), medium green(1), dark green(2), fuchsia(3)
    花香Flower fragrance 无(0), 有(1) No(0), yes(1) 茎色Stem color 绿色(0), 晕红(1), 晕紫(2), 紫色(3)Green (0), faint red (1), faint purple (2), purple (3)
    花蕾绽口
    Flower bud split
    是(0), 否(1)Yes(0), no(1) 花蕾形状
    Flower bud shape
    扁圆(0), 圆(1), 长圆(2)Oblate (0), circle (1), oblong (2)
    侧蕾Lateral flower bud 有(0), 无(1)Yes(0), no(1) 花蕾颜色
    Flower bud color
    白(0), 绿(1), 粉(2), 紫(3), 紫红(4), 复(5)White(0), green(1), pink(2), purple(3), fuchsia(4), complex color(5)
    萼片瓣化程度
    Sepal petalody
    无(0), 有(1)No(0), yes(1) 外花瓣形状
    Outer petal shape
    椭圆(0), 倒卵(1), 阔倒卵(2), 圆形(3)Oval(0), obovate(1), widely obovate (2), round(3)
    花药残留
    Anther remain
    否(0), 是(1)No(0), yes(1) 雄蕊瓣化程度
    Stamen petalization
    无(0), 少(1), 中(2), 多(3), 全部(4)None (0), a bit(1), medium (2), a lot(3), all (4)
    与外花瓣颜色是否相同
    Same with outer petal color or not
    相同(0),不同(1)Identical(0), differ(1) 花期Flower season 早花(0), 中花(1), 晚花(2)Early blossoming(0), medium blossoming(1), late blossoming(2)
    花色Flower color 白色(0), 粉红色(1), 紫红色(3), 黑紫色(5), 红色(7), 粉蓝色(11), 复色(15), 黄色(21)
    White(0), pink(1), fuchsia(3), black purple(5), red(7), pink blue(11), complex color(15), yellow(21)
    花型Flower type 单瓣型(0), 荷花型(1), 菊花型(2), 蔷薇型(3), 金蕊型(5), 托桂型(6), 金环型(7), 皇冠型(9), 绣球型(10), 台阁型(13)
    Simple form(0), lotus form(1), chrysanthemum form(2), rose form(3), golden-stamen form(5), anemone form(6), golden-circle form(7), crown form(9), globular form(10), prolification form(13)
    注:测量值是指实际测量的数值。Note: observed values mean the numeric values of actual measurement.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  240个芍药品种数量性状的变异系数和遗传多样性

    Table  3.   Genetic diversity of quantitative traits of herbaceous peony

    性状Trait 最小值
    Min./cm
    最大值
    Max./cm
    平均值
    Mean/cm
    标准差
    Standard deviation/cm
    变异系数
    Variable coefficient/%
    遗传多样性指数
    Shannon-Winner index(H′)
    株高Plant height 38.50 99.22 68.53 12.20 17.80 2.10
    花枝长Flower branch length 43.19 120.00 74.90 13.04 17.41 2.08
    蕾径Flower bud diameter 1.22 3.50 2.48 0.34 13.60 2.03
    花径Flower diameter 3.11 19.50 12.68 1.99 15.66 1.98
    花高Flower height 1.73 13.50 5.54 1.93 34.76 2.02
    花梗长Pedicel length 6.56 31.39 14.58 3.70 25.37 1.91
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  240个芍药品种质量性状的变异程度和遗传多样性

    Table  4.   Genetic diversity of quality traits and variation degree of 240 herbaceous peony cultivars

    性状Trait 遗传多样性指数
    Shannon-Winner index(H′)
    频率分布Frequency distribution/%
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
    生长势Growth vigor 0.65 1.25 27.08 71.67
    茎色Stem color 0.86 65.83 27.50 3.33 3.33
    首片复叶顶生小叶数Number of top leaflet of first compound leaves 0.77 70.83 22.08 7.08
    叶柄与花枝角度Petiole and stem angle 1.05 27.92 47.50 24.58
    复叶上表面色Surface color of compound leaves 0.80 21.67 70.42 7.50 0.42
    小叶内卷程度Leaflet inward curl 1.23 15.00 38.75 37.92 8.33
    小叶叶缘波状程度Wavy margin of leaflet 0.77 72.92 20.00 5.83 1.25
    顶小叶基部连合The base of top leaflet combination 0.39 86.67 13.33
    花香Flower fragrance 0.58 27.08 72.92
    花蕾绽口Flower bud split 0.28 7.92 92.08
    花蕾形状Flower bud shape 0.69 5.42 75.00 19.58
    侧蕾Lateral flower bud 0.58 73.33 26.67
    花蕾颜色Flower bud color 1.31 9.17 3.33 37.50 9.17 40.42 0.42
    花色数Flower color quantity 0.68 72.50 24.58 2.92
    花型Flower type 1.94 6.25 2.50 7.08 13.75 0.83 19.17 2.08 13.33 5.00 30.0
    花色Flower color 1.89 11.25 19.17 19.58 2.92 21.25 14.58 9.58 1.67
    萼片瓣化程度Sepal petalody 0.64 65.83 34.17
    外花瓣形状Outer petal shape 1.22 13.75 46.67 29.58 10.00
    雄蕊瓣化程度Stamen petalization 1.48 8.75 9.17 20.83 27.92 33.33
    与外花瓣颜色是否相同Same with outer petal color or not 0.46 82.92 17.08
    花药残留Anther remain 0.66 37.92 62.08
    花期Flower season 0.92 19.17 62.92 17.92
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  前10个主成分的特征值、贡献率及旋转后各因子的荷载矩阵

    Table  5.   Eigenvalues and proportion of total variability among herbaceous peony genotypes as explained by the first 10 principal components and rotated component matrix

    性状Trait PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6 PC7 PC8 PC9 PC10
    生长势Growth vigor 0.369 -0.022 0.667 -0.158 -0.096 -0.084 0.069 -0.183 0.136 0.048
    茎色Stem color -0.019 -0.003 -0.105 -0.016 0.125 -0.030 -0.076 0.806 0.145 0.123
    首片复叶顶生小叶数Number of top leaflet of first compound leaves 0.221 -0.134 -0.154 0.419 0.014 0.199 -0.360 -0.189 0.236 0.040
    叶柄与花枝角度Petiole and stem angle 0.087 0.099 -0.246 0.227 0.190 0.110 0.292 0.349 -0.291 -0.009
    上表面颜色Surface color of leaf 0.259 0.039 -0.295 -0.053 0.033 0.116 0.570 -0.381 0.084 0.109
    小叶内卷程度Leaflet inward curl -0.248 0.084 0.112 0.124 0.010 -0.039 0.079 0.054 0.701 0.036
    小叶缘波状程度Wavy margin of leaflet 0.042 0.048 -0.279 -0.068 -0.003 0.011 -0.063 0.072 0.660 0.029
    顶小叶基部连合The base of top leaflet combination 0.001 -0.173 -0.107 0.160 -0.029 0.531 0.091 -0.145 -0.212 -0.018
    花香Flower fragrance -0.016 0.066 0.473 0.249 0.132 -0.053 -0.196 -0.246 -0.081 0.137
    花蕾绽口Flower bud split -0.195 0.196 -0.073 -0.086 0.238 -0.462 -0.309 -0.330 -0.140 0.229
    花蕾Flower bud shape -0.066 0.353 0.178 -0.121 -0.149 0.600 -0.085 0.216 0.028 0.153
    侧蕾Lateral flower bud 0.054 0.027 -0.678 -0.125 0.109 -0.034 0.001 -0.070 0.188 0.008
    花蕾颜色Flower bud color 0.129 -0.083 0.025 -0.028 0.067 -0.021 0.003 0.127 0.124 0.822
    花色数Flower color quantity 0.062 0.841 -0.076 0.029 -0.030 -0.055 -0.037 0.041 0.126 -0.136
    花型Flower type 0.016 0.088 0.206 0.708 -0.002 -0.021 0.162 -0.020 0.046 -0.104
    花色Flower color -0.221 0.479 0.134 0.015 -0.044 0.130 -0.107 -0.078 -0.106 0.482
    萼片瓣化Sepal petalody 0.070 -0.116 0.475 0.003 0.563 0.242 0.077 0.134 0.112 0.009
    外花瓣形状Outer petal hape -0.075 -0.291 0.066 0.241 -0.277 -0.382 0.073 -0.015 -0.043 0.328
    雄蕊瓣化程度Stamen petalization -0.122 0.383 0.230 0.298 -0.524 0.124 0.328 -0.106 0.024 0.108
    与外花瓣颜色是否相同Same with outer petal color or not -0.083 0.797 -0.035 -0.155 -0.213 -0.068 0.069 -0.010 0.009 0.055
    花药残留Anther remain 0.089 -0.128 -0.104 0.120 0.761 -0.103 0.019 0.034 -0.039 0.044
    花期Flower season -0.218 -0.051 0.045 0.185 -0.025 -0.024 0.729 0.032 -0.022 -0.069
    株高Plant height/cm 0.843 -0.007 0.050 -0.058 0.047 -0.119 -0.026 -0.052 -0.062 0.118
    花枝长Flower branch length/cm 0.851 -0.115 0.139 0.168 0.090 0.021 -0.065 0.004 -0.089 0.042
    花径Flower diameter/cm 0.232 0.212 0.032 0.024 -0.235 -0.452 0.110 0.307 -0.236 -0.095
    花高Flower height/cm 0.246 -0.274 -0.021 0.581 0.037 0.037 0.052 0.085 -0.084 0.119
    蕾径Flower bud diameter/cm 0.393 -0.121 0.014 0.375 0.199 -0.196 0.148 0.191 0.116 -0.335
    花梗Pedicel length/cm 0.531 0.052 -0.103 0.265 0.039 0.138 -0.101 0.064 -0.099 -0.182
    特征值Eigenvalue 3.318 2.228 1.902 1.874 1.549 1.404 1.324 1.207 1.129 1.061
    贡献率Contribution rate/% 11.850 7.957 6.793 6.694 5.534 5.016 4.729 4.312 4.034 3.790
    累积贡献率Cumulative contribution rate/% 11.850 19.807 26.600 33.294 38.828 43.844 48.573 52.886 56.919 60.710
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-10-24
  • 修回日期:  2017-11-23
  • 刊出日期:  2018-03-01

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