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典型区域退耕还林工程生态区划

刘祖英 王兵 赵雨森 牛香

刘祖英, 王兵, 赵雨森, 牛香. 典型区域退耕还林工程生态区划[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(3): 93-100. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170394
引用本文: 刘祖英, 王兵, 赵雨森, 牛香. 典型区域退耕还林工程生态区划[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(3): 93-100. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170394
Liu Zuying, Wang Bing, Zhao Yusen, Niu Xiang. Ecoregion division of Grain for Green Project in the typical region[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(3): 93-100. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170394
Citation: Liu Zuying, Wang Bing, Zhao Yusen, Niu Xiang. Ecoregion division of Grain for Green Project in the typical region[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(3): 93-100. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170394

典型区域退耕还林工程生态区划

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170394
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项 201204101

科技创新服务能力建设-协同创新中心-林果业生态环境功能提升协同创新中心项目 PXM2017_014207_000043

林业公益性行业科研专项 201404303

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘祖英,博士生。主要研究方向:森林生态学、水土保持与荒漠化防治。Email: eleanor1991@126.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    王兵,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:陆地生态系统关键过程长期观测与模拟研究。Email: wangbing@caf.ac.cn 地址: 100091北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所

  • 中图分类号: S717

Ecoregion division of Grain for Green Project in the typical region

  • 摘要: 目的退耕还林工程作为我国乃至全世界最大的生态建设工程,发挥着重要的社会、经济和生态效益。长江流域中上游地区是我国重要的生态区,也是退耕还林工程实施和生态效益监测的重点地区,工程实施面积占到全国退耕面积的33.60%。为了对该区域退耕还林工程的生态效益进行全面、系统、科学地定量化监测和评估,对长江中上游地区退耕还林工程进行生态区划十分必要。方法结合退耕还林工程实施范围、年平均降水量、≥10 ℃积温、地貌数据以及中国行政区划,应用地理信息系统空间分析中叠加分析法,区划得出长江流域中上游地区退耕还林工程生态区。结果分别选取地貌、水热条件和退耕还林工程水土保持功能强度作为3个级别的区划指标,得到1级区域4个,2级区域19个,3级区域31个。结论基于能够表征其特性的多重指标对长江流域中上游地区退耕还林工程范围进行区划,直观地反映了该区域的实际地理分域规律,为其生态效益监测与评估奠定基础,便于对相应生态区的生态效益结合其所属的区划指标进行合理的分析,用分区特征来印证生态效益的评估结果。

     

  • 图  1  典型区域退耕还林工程生态区划图

    Figure  1.  The map of ecoregions about Grain for Green Project in the typical region

    表  1  典型区域退耕还林工程生态区分级

    Table  1.   Levels of ecoregions about Grain for Green Project in the typical region

    区划级别Zoning level 指标Indicator
    地貌类型
    Geomorphic type
    Ⅰ平原Plain
    Ⅱ台地Tableland
    Ⅲ丘陵Hill
    Ⅳ山地Mountain land
    水热条件
    Hydrothermal condition
    降水量
    Precipitation
    A 308.1~1118.1mm
    B 1118.1~1513.6mm
    C 1513.6~2526.4mm
    ≥10℃积温
    Annual accumulated temperature above 10℃
    a 0~4177.3℃
    b 4177.3~5081.4℃
    c 5081.4~7949.5℃
    退耕还林工程水土保持功能强度
    Strength of soil and water conservation function of Grain for Green Project
    1 1级水土保持功能Level 1 of soil and water conservation function
    2 2级水土保持功能Level 2 of soil and water conservation function
    3 3级水土保持功能Level 3 of soil and water conservation function
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  典型区域退耕还林工程生态区划分结果

    Table  2.   The results of ecoregions about Grain for Green Project in the typical region

    区号Code 省份Provincial region 地市City
    Ⅰ-A-b-3 四川Sichuan Province 成都Chengdu
    河南Henan Province 南阳Nanyang
    Ⅰ-B-b-3 湖南Hunan Province 益阳、常德、岳阳Yiyang, Changde, Yueyang
    湖北Hubei Province 荆州Jingzhou
    Ⅰ-B-c-3 湖北Hubei Province 天门、鄂州、潜江、仙桃、武汉Tianmen, Ezhou, Qianjiang, Xiantao, Wuhan
    Ⅰ-C-c-3 江西Jiangxi Province 南昌Nanchang
    Ⅱ-A-b-3 湖北Hubei Province 荆门Jingmen
    Ⅱ-B-c-3 湖北Hubei Province 孝感Xiaogan
    Ⅱ-C-c-3 江西Jiangxi Province 鹰潭Yingtan
    Ⅲ-A-b-2 四川Sichuan Province 绵阳Mianyang
    Ⅲ-A-b-3 四川Sichuan Province 德阳Deyang
    湖北Hubei Province 随州Suining
    Ⅲ-A-c-3 四川Sichuan Province 自贡、内江、遂宁、资阳、眉山Zigong, Neijiang, Suining, Ziyang, Meishan
    Ⅲ-B-b-3 湖南Hunan Province 长沙、湘潭、株洲、衡阳、邵阳Changsha, Xiangtan, Zhuzhou, Hengyang, Shaoyang
    Ⅲ-B-c-3 四川Sichuan Province 广安Guang’an
    湖南Hunan Province 郴州Chenzhou
    Ⅲ-C-c-3 江西Jiangxi Province 新余、景德镇Xinyu, Jingdezhen
    Ⅳ-A-a-1 云南Yunnan Province 迪庆、丽江Diqing, Lijiang
    四川Sichuan Province 凉山、雅安、甘孜、阿坝Liangshan, Yaan, Ganzi, Aba
    甘肃Gansu Province 陇南Longnan
    Ⅳ-A-a-2 湖北Hubei Province 神农架、襄阳Shennongjia, Xiangyang
    云南Yunnan Province 曲靖、昭通Qujing, Zhaotong
    贵州Guizhou Province 毕节Bijie
    四川Sichuan Province 广元Guangyuan
    陕西Shaanxi Province 安康Ankang
    Ⅳ-A-a-3 陕西Shaanxi Province 汉中、商洛Hanzhong, Shangluo
    湖北Hubei Province 十堰Shiyan
    Ⅳ-A-b-2 云南Yunnan Province 大理、昆明Dali, Kunming
    贵州Guizhou Province 贵阳、遵义Guiyang, Zunyi
    Ⅳ-A-b-3 云南Yunnan Province 楚雄Chuxiong
    四川Sichuan Province 南充Nanchong
    Ⅳ-A-c-3 四川Sichuan Province 攀枝花、宜宾、乐山Panzhihua, Yibin, Leshan
    Ⅳ-B-a-1 贵州Guizhou Province 六盘水Liupanshui
    Ⅳ-B-a-2 湖北Hubei Province 恩施Enshi
    Ⅳ-B-a-3 贵州Guizhou Province 铜仁Tongren
    Ⅳ-B-b-1 重庆Chongqing City 重庆Chongqing
    贵州Guizhou Province 黔南Qiannan
    Ⅳ-B-b-2 四川Sichuan Province 巴中Bazhong
    湖北Hubei Province 宜昌Yichang
    湖南Hunan Province 张家界、湘西、怀化Zhangjiajie, Xiangxi, Huaihua
    Ⅳ-B-b-3 贵州Guizhou Province 黔东南、安顺Qiandongnan, Anshun
    湖南Hunan Province 娄底Loudi
    Ⅳ-B-c-2 四川Sichuan Province 泸州Luzhou
    湖南Hunan Province 永州Yongzhou
    Ⅳ-B-c-3 四川Sichuan Province 达川Dachuan
    江西Jiangxi Province 九江Jiujiang
    湖北Hubei Province 黄石、黄冈Huangshi, Huanggang
    Ⅳ-C-c-1 江西Jiangxi Province 上饶Shangrao
    Ⅳ-C-c-2 湖北Hubei Province 咸宁Xianning
    Ⅳ-C-c-3 江西Jiangxi Province 萍乡、抚州、吉安、赣州、宜春Pingxiang, Fuzhou, Ji’an, Ganzhou, Yichun
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-11-14
  • 修回日期:  2018-01-03
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