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日本落叶松不同种源及家系生长性状变异分析

潘艳艳 梁德洋 郭婧 王芳 王福维 李树春 赵曦阳

潘艳艳, 梁德洋, 郭婧, 王芳, 王福维, 李树春, 赵曦阳. 日本落叶松不同种源及家系生长性状变异分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(11): 19-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170478
引用本文: 潘艳艳, 梁德洋, 郭婧, 王芳, 王福维, 李树春, 赵曦阳. 日本落叶松不同种源及家系生长性状变异分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(11): 19-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170478
Pan Yanyan, Liang Deyang, Guo Jing, Wang Fang, Wang Fuwei, Li Shuchun, Zhao Xiyang. Variance analyses on growth traits of Larix kaempferi in different seed sources[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(11): 19-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170478
Citation: Pan Yanyan, Liang Deyang, Guo Jing, Wang Fang, Wang Fuwei, Li Shuchun, Zhao Xiyang. Variance analyses on growth traits of Larix kaempferi in different seed sources[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(11): 19-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170478

日本落叶松不同种源及家系生长性状变异分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170478
基金项目: 

“十三五”国家重点研发计划项目 2017YFD0600402

详细信息
    作者简介:

    潘艳艳。主要研究方向:落叶松遗传改良研究。Email: zhaoxyphd@163.com   地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路51号

    责任作者:

    赵曦阳,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:白桦、红松和落叶松遗传改良。Email: zhaoxyphd@163.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S791.223

Variance analyses on growth traits of Larix kaempferi in different seed sources

  • 摘要: 目的研究日本落叶松不同种源及家系生长性状变异,为日本落叶松遗传改良提供可靠依据。方法本文以4个种源的169个日本落叶松半同胞家系为材料,对不同树龄日本落叶松的树高和胸径进行方差分析、遗传参数分析、相关性分析以及家系选择。结果各指标在种源和家系间均达极显著差异水平(P<0.01),各家系间的树高和胸径的表型变异系数(4.00%~37.37%和24.89%~26.48%)和遗传变异系数(1.94%~20.93%和8.93%~13.68%)均随树龄的增加而上升。树高和胸径的家系遗传力变化范围分别为0.881~0.972和0.877~0.879,单株遗传力变化范围分别为0.406~0.664和0.301~0.410。各性状变异系数及遗传力均属于较高水平,有利于优良家系的评价选择。相关分析表明种源内不同树龄树高和胸径相关性均达到极显著正相关。利用多性状综合评价法,以10%的入选率进行优良家系选择,17个入选家系的树高和胸径平均值分别为11.10 m和13.82 cm,现实增益分别为11.68%和17.98%,遗传增益分别为11.35%和15.80%。以5%的入选率进行优良家系内优良单株的选择,25个入选单株的树高和胸径平均值分别为12.58 m和17.72 cm,遗传增益分别为8.54%和12.50%。结论在本研究中,种源和家系间均存在丰富的变异,可以进行优良种源、家系和单株的选择,为建立改良种子园和二代种子园提供育种材料,也为日本落叶松的遗传改良提供理论依据。

     

  • 图  1  4种源树高、胸径平均值

    Figure  1.  Averag height and DBH of 4 seed sources

    图  2  4个种源内家系树高平均值分析

    Figure  2.  Average height of each family in 4 seed sources

    表  1  参试4个种源169个日本落叶松家系号

    Table  1.   No. of 169 Larix kaempferi families in 4 testing seed sources

    种源Seed source数量Number家系号Family No.
    A50个家系50 familiesA001、A002、A003、A004、A005、A006、A007、A008、A009、A011、A012、A013、A014、A015、A016、A017、A018、A019、A020、A021、A023、A025、A029、A032、A041、A043、A060、A061、A062、A063、A064、A065、A067、A068、A070、A071、A072、A074、A077、A078、A079、A080、A081、A082、A083、A084、A085、A086、A089、A090
    B36个家系36 familiesB101、B102、B103、B104、B105、B106、B107、B108、B109、B110、B113、B114、B115、B116、B117、B118、B119、B120、B121、B122、B123、B124、B125、B126、B128、B130、B131、B133、B134、B135、B136、B137、B139、B141、B142、B146
    C53个家系53 familiesC201、C203、C206、C208、C209、C212、C214、C215、C216、C217、C218、C220、C222、C223、C225、C227、C230、C232、C233、C236、C237、C238、C239、C254、C256、C258、C261、C266、C267、C269、C270、C271、C272、C273、C274、C275、C279、C282、C284、C285、C286、C287、C288、C289、C291、C292、C295、C296、C297、C298、C299、C204、C202
    D30个家系30 familiesD301、D302、D303、D304、D306、D307、D308、D309、D310、D311、D312、D313、D314、D315、D316、D317、D318、D319、D320、D321、D322、D323、D324、D325、D326、D327、D328、D329、D330、D331
    注:A为东丰,B为临江,C为通化,D为兰山。Notes:A stands for Dongfeng, B stands for Linjiang, C stands for Tonghua, D stands for Lanshan.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同性状方差分析

    Table  2.   ANOVA of different traits

    性状Trait变异来源Variance source自由度df均方MSFσ2
    4年生树高Height of 4 years old tree区组Block449.6131 498.705**0.046
    种源Seed source3234.275216.898**0.173
    家系/种源Family/seed source1761.0806.775**0.031
    区组×种源Block×seed source121.35440.906**0.005
    区组×家系/种源Block×family/seed source7040.1594.816**0.021
    机误Error4 5000.033
    8年生树高Height of 8 years old tree区组Block4105.896326.836**0.098
    种源Seed source33 267.151124.172**2.391
    家系/种源Family/seed source17626.31127.787**0.845
    区组×种源Block×seed source1217.01152.503**0.062
    区组×家系/种源Block×family/seed source7040.9472.922**0.104
    机误Error4 5000.324
    8年生胸径DBH of 8 years old tree区组Block4349.173293.206**0.322
    种源Seed source35 507.778241.926**4.065
    家系/种源Family/seed source17622.7668.133**0.666
    区组×种源Block×seed source1257.18848.021**0.207
    区组×家系/种源Block×family/seed source7042.7992.350**0.268
    机误Error4 5001.191
    11年生树高Height of 11 years old tree区组Block4837.612109.397**0.768
    种源Seed source37 094.938109.000**5.209
    家系/种源Family/seed source17665.09136.206**2.110
    区组×种源Block×seed source12233.51730.499**0.837
    区组×家系/种源Block×family/seed source7041.7980.235**0.135
    机误Error4 5007.657
    11年生胸径DBH of 11 years old tree区组Block41 173.197760.764**1.085
    种源Seed source314 013.099251.314**10.344
    家系/种源Family/seed source17655.7598.603**1.643
    区组×种源Block×seed source12129.09583.712**0.472
    区组×家系/种源Block×family/seed source7046.4814.203**0.823
    机误Error4 5001.542
    注:**表示差异极显著(P<0.01)。Note:** means the difference is very significantly different(P<0.01).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  4个种源树高和胸径平均值分析表

    Table  3.   Average values of height and DBH of 4 seed sources

    种源Seed source4年生树高Height of 4 years old tree/m8年生树高Height of 8 years old tree/m8年生胸径DBH of 8 years old tree/cm11年生树高Height of 11 years old tree/m11年生胸径DBH of 11 years old tree/cm
    A1.64±0.27 ab6.27±0.88 c7.08±1.66 c9.76±1.06 d11.93±2.31 b
    B1.49±0.32 c7.04±0.92 a7.65±1.52 b10.02±1.03 c11.06±2.09 c
    C1.62±0.39 b6.50±0.74 b7.92±1.45 a10.22±0.96 b12.56±2.07 a
    D1.66±0.31 a6.19±0.89 d7.06±1.49 c10.44±1.00 a12.42±2.02 a
    均值Mean1.60±0.346.49±0.907.46±1.5810.08±1.0412.03±2.21
    注:不同字母(a、b、c、d)代表差异极显著(P<0.01)。Note: different letters (a, b, c, d) represent extremely significant difference (P<0.01).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  家系间各性状遗传变异参数

    Table  4.   Genetic and variation parameters of each traits of families

    性状Trait变幅Range标准差SD表型变异系数Phenotype variation coefficient遗传变异系数Geneticvariation coefficient家系遗传力Family heritability单株遗传力Heritability of single tree
    4年生树高Height of 4 years old tree1.20(B110)~2.11(C269)0.344.001.940.8810.406
    8年生树高Height of 8 years old tree4.00(A41)~9.00(B135)0.9018.0113.020.9640.664
    8年生胸径DBH of 8 years old tree4.62(A41)~12.00(D318)1.5824.898.930.8770.301
    11年生树高Height of 11 years old tree8.23(A43)~13.20(C272)1.0437.3720.930.9720.652
    11年生胸径DBH of 11 years old tree8.33(B126)~15.23(D318)2.2126.4813.680.8790.410
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同家系Qi值分析表

    Table  5.   Qi value analysis of different families

    家系号Family No.QiQi value
    D3181.311 5
    C2721.275 8
    D3121.275 8
    C2221.274 0
    C2091.272 1
    D3081.272 0
    D3031.264 9
    C2691.264 7
    C2741.253 9
    C2661.250 2
    D3251.242 9
    D3201.239 0
    C2711.235 2
    B1241.231 5
    B1351.224 1
    D3101.220 2
    D3241.216 4
    B1061.215 4
    C2031.214 3
    B1211.214 1
    C2581.196 4
    C2081.195 3
    A0151.195 3
    A0631.193 5
    A0801.193 4
    C2671.193 4
    B1191.193 4
    C2921.193 4
    C2321.193 4
    A0611.193 3
    B1081.193 3
    C2991.189 6
    A0861.189 6
    B1421.189 6
    D3211.181 6
    C2271.181 6
    C2701.179 7
    C2231.178 0
    A0081.177 5
    C2361.176 4
    D3011.176 4
    A0111.177 8
    C2871.177 8
    B1011.175 8
    C2961.175 8
    A0061.175 8
    B1201.169 9
    C2171.169 9
    A0601.166 0
    C2561.166 0
    D3281.166 0
    D3141.166 0
    D3191.166 0
    B1091.166 0
    C2751.166 0
    A0191.166 0
    D3061.166 0
    D3311.166 0
    C2161.166 0
    B1461.165 4
    A0711.165 4
    C2061.165 4
    A0641.162 0
    A0211.158 0
    A0701.158 0
    A0841.158 0
    A0131.158 0
    C2301.157 9
    C2381.155 9
    B1071.155 9
    C2041.155 9
    C2021.155 9
    C2791.155 9
    A0621.155 9
    C2911.155 9
    D3261.155 9
    D3091.155 9
    B2181.155 9
    C2881.155 9
    C2891.155 9
    B1311.155 9
    C2121.155 8
    C2981.155 8
    B1231.154 1
    A0901.154 1
    D3131.154 0
    B2051.150 1
    D3111.150 1
    D3301.150 1
    B1371.150 1
    A0681.150 1
    B1361.142 0
    A0811.142 0
    C2611.142 0
    A0291.141 9
    A0251.141 9
    D3161.137 8
    A0721.137 8
    A0011.137 8
    B1261.137 8
    D3231.137 8
    C2201.137 1
    A0741.137 1
    A0851.137 1
    A0321.105 0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同单株Qi值分析表

    Table  6.   Qi value analysis of different single plants

    区组Block家系号Family No.单株PlantQiQi value
    1D31811.408 8
    1D31821.408 8
    1C26611.408 8
    1C26621.408 8
    1D31831.390 0
    1D31841.390 0
    1D31851.390 0
    1D31861.390 0
    2D31811.373 7
    2D31821.371 0
    2D31831.371 0
    1C20911.371 0
    4C20911.370 8
    1C27111.370 8
    4C27161.365 2
    1D32511.357 2
    1D32521.357 2
    1D32031.357 1
    1C27411.356 9
    3C27451.356 9
    1C27211.354 3
    4C27231.354 3
    1C20921.351 6
    4C20921.351 6
    2D32021.351 6
    2D32031.351 5
    1C27221.351 0
    4C27241.348 4
    3D31211.348 4
    2D31841.344 0
    2D31211.343 2
    2D31851.343 1
    1C27231.343 1
    4C27251.340 4
    2D31221.340 2
    2D31231.340 2
    1D30841.337 6
    1D30851.337 6
    1D30861.337 6
    2D30811.337 6
    1C27421.337 6
    3C27461.337 4
    2D31861.334 8
    1C22211.334 7
    1C22221.334 6
    3C22221.334 6
    3C22231.334 6
    5C22231.334 6
    5C22241.334 6
    2D32041.334 6
    1C26911.326 0
    1C26921.326 0
    4C26911.326 0
    4C26921.326 0
    1C27121.325 7
    5C27111.325 7
    3D31831.323 3
    2D31241.323 3
    1C20931.323 3
    1C20941.323 3
    5D31061.136 3
    3B12441.133 1
    5D32421.133 1
    5D32431.133 1
    3D31021.133 1
    5D32451.116 1
    5D31051.115 9
    1D32021.102 8
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-29
  • 修回日期:  2018-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2018-11-01

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