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热压干燥过程中热压板温度对杨木水分状态的影响

侯俊峰 伊松林 周永东 潘斌 周凡

侯俊峰, 伊松林, 周永东, 潘斌, 周凡. 热压干燥过程中热压板温度对杨木水分状态的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(6): 111-116. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180097
引用本文: 侯俊峰, 伊松林, 周永东, 潘斌, 周凡. 热压干燥过程中热压板温度对杨木水分状态的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(6): 111-116. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180097
Hou Junfeng, Yi Songlin, Zhou Yongdong, Pan Bin, Zhou Fan. Effects of platen temperature on moisture state in poplar lumber during hot-press drying[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(6): 111-116. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180097
Citation: Hou Junfeng, Yi Songlin, Zhou Yongdong, Pan Bin, Zhou Fan. Effects of platen temperature on moisture state in poplar lumber during hot-press drying[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(6): 111-116. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180097

热压干燥过程中热压板温度对杨木水分状态的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180097
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项项目 201404502

详细信息
    作者简介:

    侯俊峰,博士生。主要研究方向:木材干燥。Email:houjunfeng2015@163.com 地址:100091 北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号院中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所

    责任作者:

    周永东,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:木材干燥。Email:zhouyd@caf.ac.cn 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S781.71

Effects of platen temperature on moisture state in poplar lumber during hot-press drying

  • 摘要: 目的对热压干燥过程中杨木锯材芯层温度和压力进行测试,探究热压板温度对热压干燥过程中杨木锯材芯层温度和压力等参数及水分状态的影响,为热压干燥机理研究提供依据。方法采用集成探针同步测量并记录热压干燥过程中杨木锯材芯层温度和压力,通过对杨木锯材芯层压力测量值与测量温度对应的饱和蒸汽压力值(压力理论值)进行对比分析,进而推测热压板温度对热压干燥过程中杨木锯材水分状态的影响。结果当热压板温度从120℃升高到140℃时,杨木锯材芯层压力峰值从146.4kPa增大到213.1kPa,相应温度峰值从102.8℃升高到123.7℃,温度和压力同时达到峰值,到达峰值时间从17.5min缩短到11.6min。当热压板温度为120和130℃时,含水率高于纤维饱和点的杨木锯材芯层水分为过压的未饱和水,热压干燥后杨木锯材芯层终含水率(48.55%和49.88%)高于纤维饱和点;当热压板温度升高到140℃时,杨木锯材芯层自由水受热汽化形成水蒸气,并随着蒸汽温度的升高由饱和状态转化为过热状态,热压干燥后杨木锯材芯层终含水率(27.70%)低于纤维饱和点。结论热压干燥过程中热压板温度越高,杨木锯材芯层温度和压力达到的峰值越高,峰值持续时间越短。热压干燥过程中含水率高于纤维饱和点的杨木锯材水分状态根据热压板温度不同,可为液态水(过压的未饱和水)、饱和水蒸气或过热蒸汽状态。

     

  • 图  1  杨木锯材热压干燥试验示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of poplar lumber in hot-press drying test

    图  2  集成探针位置

    Figure  2.  Location of the integrated probe

    图  3  不同热压板温度条件下杨木锯材芯层温度变化曲线

    Figure  3.  Curves of core layer temperature in poplar lumber under different platen temperatures

    图  4  不同热压板温度条件下杨木锯材芯层压力变化曲线

    Figure  4.  Curves of core layer pressure in poplar lumber under different platen temperatures

    图  5  不同热压板温度条件下杨木锯材芯层压力测量值(PM)与蒸汽压力理论值(PT)的对比

    Figure  5.  Comparison of the measured pressure (PM) and theoretical pressure (PT) in core layer of poplar lumber under different platen temperatures

    表  1  杨木锯材热压干燥前后的含水率分布

    Table  1.   Moisture content (MC) distribution in poplar lumber before and after hot-press drying

    热压板温度
    Platen temperature/℃
    初含水率
    Initial MC/%
    终含水率
    Final MC/%
    表层终含水率
    Final MC of surface layer/%
    芯层终含水率
    Final MC of core layer/%
    120 51.76 39.68 23.09 48.55
    130 47.42 35.33 28.66 49.88
    140 38.08 16.64 12.35 27.70
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-03-29
  • 修回日期:  2018-04-17
  • 刊出日期:  2018-06-01

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