高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于MaxEnt模型的赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区斑羚生境适宜性评价

唐书培 穆丽光 王晓玲 张静 刘波 孟和达来 鲍伟东

唐书培, 穆丽光, 王晓玲, 张静, 刘波, 孟和达来, 鲍伟东. 基于MaxEnt模型的赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区斑羚生境适宜性评价[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 102-108. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180176
引用本文: 唐书培, 穆丽光, 王晓玲, 张静, 刘波, 孟和达来, 鲍伟东. 基于MaxEnt模型的赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区斑羚生境适宜性评价[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 102-108. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180176
Tang Shupei, Mu Liguang, Wang Xiaoling, Zhang Jing, Liu Bo, Menghedalai, Bao Weidong. Habitat suitability assessment based on MaxEnt modeling of Chinese goral in Saihanwula National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia of northern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 102-108. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180176
Citation: Tang Shupei, Mu Liguang, Wang Xiaoling, Zhang Jing, Liu Bo, Menghedalai, Bao Weidong. Habitat suitability assessment based on MaxEnt modeling of Chinese goral in Saihanwula National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia of northern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 102-108. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180176

基于MaxEnt模型的赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区斑羚生境适宜性评价

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180176
基金项目: 

国家林业局野生动植物保护与自然保护区管理司项目 2015071402

详细信息
    作者简介:

    唐书培。主要研究方向:动物行为生态学。Email:tangshupei@outlook.com  地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院

    责任作者:

    鲍伟东,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:动物生态学。Email:bao-weidong@126.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S759.94; Q958.5

Habitat suitability assessment based on MaxEnt modeling of Chinese goral in Saihanwula National Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia of northern China

  • 摘要: 目的内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区内的中华斑羚是一个孤立的小种群,急需开展救护措施。通过分析该物种在保护区内的适宜生境,为保护区制定物种保护方案提供科学依据。方法本文基于GIS技术,结合该保护区内中华斑羚分布位点和生境变量数据,运用MaxEnt模型对斑羚的生境适宜性进行评价分析。结果模型的评价结果达到优秀水平(AUC=0.967),其中月平均昼夜温差、最干月降水量、海拔、距护林站距离、距居民点距离、归一化植被指数对斑羚的分布有重要影响;生境适宜区主要分布在保护区中南部,适宜生境面积为4891.23hm2,占研究区域的4.59%;不考虑干扰因子情况下,适宜区面积可增加12685.14hm2结论斑羚的生境选择可能与斑羚对觅食利益和捕食风险的权衡有关;斑羚对干扰因子具有回避效应,且干扰因子对斑羚适宜生境影响显著,建议控制无关人员进入保护区,以降低人为干扰。模型预测结果初步明确了斑羚在保护区内的分布状况,对保护区制定斑羚保护措施具有重要意义。

     

  • 图  1  研究区及斑羚位点分布

    Figure  1.  Study area and distribution of N. griseus

    图  2  模型预测结果的ROC曲线

    Figure  2.  ROC curves of prediction result of the MaxEnt model

    图  3  环境变量对模型预测的响应曲线

    10次运行结果均值(红色)标准差(蓝色)The mean result with 10 replicate runs(red) and the standard deviation (blue)

    Figure  3.  Response curves of environmental factors to model prediction

    图  4  赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区斑羚适宜生境分布

    Figure  4.  Suitable habitat distribution of N. griseus in Saihanwula National Nature Reserve

  • [1] Wilson J W, Sexton J O, Jobe R T, et al. The relative contribution of terrain, land cover, and vegetation structure indices to species distribution models[J]. Biological Conservation, 2013, 164(8): 170-176. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=282cf590e77a4cadfed62b3473d52900
    [2] 高惠, 滕丽微, 汪洋, 等.阿拉善马鹿(Cervus alashanicus)生境适宜性评价[J].生态学报, 2017, 37(11): 3926-3931. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201711035

    Gao H, Teng L W, Wang Y, et al. Habitat assessment of red deer (Cervus alashanicus) in the Helan Mountains, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2017, 37(11): 3926-3931. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201711035
    [3] 蒋志刚.中国哺乳动物多样性及地理分布[M].北京:科学出版社, 2015.

    Jiang Z G. China's mammal diversity and geographic distribution[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2015.
    [4] 蒋志刚, 江建平, 王跃招, 等.中国脊椎动物红色名录[J].生物多样性, 2016, 24(5): 500-551. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201605002

    Jiang Z G, Jiang J P, Wang Y Z, et al. Red list of China's vertebrates[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2016, 24(5):500-551. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201605002
    [5] 唐书培, 姜秀丽, 王晓玲, 等.内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区中华斑羚的季节性食物构成分析[J].四川动物, 2018, 37(3): 311-316. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scdw201803014

    Tang S P, Jiang X L, Wang X L, et al. Seasonal diet analysis of Naemorhedus griseus in Saihanwula Natioal Nature Reserve[J]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 2018, 37(3): 311-316. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scdw201803014
    [6] 刘振生, 高惠, 滕丽微, 等.基于MAXENT模型的贺兰山岩羊生境适宜性评价[J].生态学报, 2013, 33(22): 7243-7249. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201322023

    Liu Z S, Gao H, Teng L W, et al. Habitat suitability assessment of blue sheep in Helan Mountain based on MAXENT modeling[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(22): 7243-7249. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201322023
    [7] 林源, 徐雪怡, 伊剑锋, 等.基于MaxEnt模型的广西黑颈长尾雉潜在栖息地预测与保护空缺分析[J].四川动物, 2017, 36(3): 328-333. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scdw201703016

    Lin Y, Xu X Y, Yi J F, et al. Potential predation and conservation vacancy analysis of syrmaticus humiae in Guangxi based on MaxEnt model[J]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 2017, 36(3): 328-333. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scdw201703016
    [8] 陈新美, 雷渊才, 张雄清, 等.样本量对MaxEnt模型预测物种分布精度和稳定性的影响[J].林业科学, 2012, 48(1): 53-59. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykx201201010

    Chen X M, Lei Y C, Zhang X Q, et al. Effects of sample sizes on accuracy and stability of maximum entropy model in predicting species distribution[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2012, 48(1): 53-59. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykx201201010
    [9] Kaiboussi M, Achour H. Modelling the spatial distribution of snake species in northwestern Tunisia using maximum entropy (MaxEnt) and geographic information system (GIS)[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 2018, 29(1): 233-45. doi: 10.1007/s11676-017-0436-1
    [10] Elith J, Graham C H, Anderson R P, et al. Novel methods improve prediction of species' distributions from occurrence data[J]. Ecography, 2006, 29: 129-151. doi: 10.1111/j.2006.0906-7590.04596.x
    [11] 王运生, 谢丙炎, 万方浩, 等. ROC曲线分析在评价入侵物种分布模型中的应用[J].生物多样性, 2007, 15(4): 365-372. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2007.04.005

    Wang Y S, Xie B Y, Wan F H, et al. Application of ROC curve analysis in evaluating the performance of alien species' potential distribution models[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2007, 15(4): 365-372. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2007.04.005
    [12] 李一琳, 丁长青.基于GIS和MaxEnt技术对濒危物种褐马鸡的保护空缺分析[J].北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(11): 34-41. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160134

    Li Y L, Ding C Q. Reserve gap analysis of endangered brown eared pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum) through GIS and MaxEnt technology[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(11): 34-41. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160134
    [13] 戎战磊, 张晋东, 洪明生, 等.蜂桶寨自然保护区大熊猫生境适宜性评价与保护管理对策[J].生态学杂志, 2015, 34(3):621-625. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201503005

    Rong Z L, Zhang J D, Hong M S, et al. Habitat suitability assessment and conservation strategies for giant pandas in Fengtongzhai Nature Reserve[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(3):621-625. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201503005
    [14] 戎战磊, 周宏, 韦伟, 等.基于MAXENT模型的唐家河自然保护区大熊猫生境适宜性评价[J].兰州大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 53(2): 269-273. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=lzdxxb201702020

    Rong Z L, Zhou H, Wei W, et al. Giant panda habitat suitability assessment in Tangjiahe Nature Reserve based on MAXENT model[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University (Natural Sciences), 2017, 53(2): 269-273. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=lzdxxb201702020
    [15] Bai D F, Chen P J, Atzeni L, et al. Assessment on habitat suitability of snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in Qomolangma National Reserve based on MaxEnt modeling[J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 38(6):1-14. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dwxyj201806001
    [16] 崔绍朋, 罗晓, 李春旺, 等.基于MaxEnt模型预测白唇鹿的潜在分布区[J].生物多样性, 2018, 26(2): 171-176. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201802007

    Cui S P, Luo X, Li C W, et al. Predicting the potential distribution of white-lipped deer using the MaxEnt model[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2018, 26(2): 171-176. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201802007
    [17] 张慧, 高吉喜, 马孟枭, 等.基于MaxEnt模型的道路对朱鹮繁殖地的影响[J].应用生态学报, 2017, 28(4): 1352-1359. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201704035

    Zhang H, Gao J X, Ma M X, et al. Influence of road on breeding habitat of Nipponia nippon based on MaxEnt model[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2017, 28(4): 1352-1359. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201704035
    [18] 周许伟.基于粪样DNA的两个中华斑羚种群保护遗传学初步研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2015. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1015319399.htm

    Zhou X W. Preliminary research on conservation genetics of two Chinese goral populations based on fecal DNA[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2015. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1015319399.htm
    [19] 李桂林.赛罕乌拉自然保护区志[M].赤峰:内蒙古科学技术出版社, 2005.

    Li G L. Saihanwula Nature Reserveannals[M]. Chifeng: Inner Mongolia Science and Technology Press, 2005.
    [20] 鲍伟东, 李桂林, 张书理.内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区陆生脊椎动物图谱[M].北京:中国林业出版社, 2010.

    Bao W D, Li G L, Zhang S L. Atlas of terrestrial vertebrate animals at Saihanwula National Nature Reserve of Inner Mongolia[M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2010.
    [21] 雍世鹏, 邢莲莲, 李桂林.赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区生物多样性编目[M].呼和浩特:内蒙古大学出版社, 2011.

    Yong S P, Xing L L, Li G L. Biodiversity cataloguing at Saihanwula National Nature Reserve[M]. Huhhot: Inner Mongolia University Press, 2011.
    [22] Phillips S J, Andeson R P, Schapire R E. Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions[J]. Ecological Modelling, 2006, 190(3): 231-259. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=513ad30f4c7f7f66533cb6ca7bde514f
    [23] 罗翀, 徐卫华, 周志翔, 等.基于生态位模型的秦岭山系林麝生境预测[J].生态学报, 2011, 31(5): 1221-1229. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201105004

    Luo C, Xu W H, Zhou Z X, et al. Habitat prediction for forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) in Qinling Mountain Range based on niche model[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(5): 1221-1229. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201105004
    [24] 黎运喜, 陈佑平, 余凌帆, 等.基于MaxEnt模型的二郎山廊道大熊猫栖息地适宜性评价[J].四川动物, 2016, 35(6): 833-837. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scdw201606006

    Li Y X, Chen Y P, Xu L F, et al. Habitat suitability assessment of Erlangshan giant panda corridor based on MaxEnt modeling[J]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 2016, 35(6): 833-837. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/scdw201606006
    [25] Wu M L, Zhang Q, Song J Y, et al. Ecological characteristics and suitability evaluation of Fritillaria cirrhosa D. Don based on Maxent model[J]. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 2018, 15(1): 158-167. doi: 10.21010/ajtcam
    [26] 周海涛, 那晓东, 臧淑英, 等.最大熵(Maxent)模型在物种栖息地研究中的应用[J].环境科学与管理, 2016, 41(3): 149-151. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1212.2016.03.035

    Zhou H T, Na X D, Zang S Y, et al. Applications of maximum entropy (Maxent) model in species habitat study[J]. Environmental Science and Management, 2016, 41(3): 149-151. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1212.2016.03.035
    [27] Brown J L. SDM toolbox: a python-based GIS toolkit for landscape genetic, biogeographic and species distribution model analyses[J]. Methods in Ecology & Evolution, 2014, 5(7): 694-700.
    [28] Hu Z, Guo K, Jin S, et al. The influence of climatic changes on distribution pattern of six typical Kobresia species in Tibetan Plateau based on MaxEnt model and geographic information system[J/OL]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2018[2018-02-25]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-018-2373-0.
    [29] Wen L, Saintilan N, Yang X, et al. MODIS NDVI based metrics improve habitat suitability modelling in fragmented patchy floodplains[J]. Remote Sensing Applications Society & Environment, 2015, 1:85-97.
    [30] Songer M, Delion M, Biggs A, et al. Modeling impacts of climate change on giant panda habitat[J/OL]. International Journal of Ecology, 2012[2018-04-22]. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijecol/2012/108752/.
    [31] 齐增湘, 徐卫华, 熊兴耀, 等.基于MAXENT模型的秦岭山系黑熊潜在生境评价[J].生物多样性, 2011, 19(3): 343-352. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201103010

    Qi Z X, Xu W H, Xiong X Y, et al. Assessment of potential habitat for Ursus thibetanus in the Qinling Mountains[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2011, 19(3): 343-352. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/swdyx201103010
    [32] 胡忠军, 于长青, 徐宏发, 等.道路对陆栖野生动物的生态学影响[J].生态学杂志, 2005, 24(4): 433-437. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4890.2005.04.018

    Hu Z J, Yu C Q, Xu H F, et al. Ecological effects of roads on terrestrial animals[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2005, 24(4): 433-437. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4890.2005.04.018
    [33] 吴庆明, 王磊, 朱瑞萍, 等.基于MAXENT模型的丹顶鹤营巢生境适宜性分析:以扎龙保护区为例[J].生态学报, 2016, 36(12): 3758-3764. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201612030

    Wu Q M, Wang L, Zhu R P, et al. Nesting habitat suitability analysis of red-crowned crane in Zhalong Nature Reserve based on MAXENT modeling[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2016, 36(12): 3758-3764. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201612030
  • 加载中
图(4)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  911
  • HTML全文浏览量:  484
  • PDF下载量:  56
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-05-30
  • 修回日期:  2018-07-21
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回