高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

岩溶区不同恢复方式下土壤有机碳组分及酶活性研究

哈文秀 周金星 庞丹波 关颖慧 崔明

哈文秀, 周金星, 庞丹波, 关颖慧, 崔明. 岩溶区不同恢复方式下土壤有机碳组分及酶活性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(2): 1-11. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180184
引用本文: 哈文秀, 周金星, 庞丹波, 关颖慧, 崔明. 岩溶区不同恢复方式下土壤有机碳组分及酶活性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(2): 1-11. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180184
Ha Wenxiu, Zhou Jinxing, Pang Danbo, Guan Yinghui, Cui Ming. Soil organic carbon fraction and enzyme activities under different restoration methods in karst area[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(2): 1-11. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180184
Citation: Ha Wenxiu, Zhou Jinxing, Pang Danbo, Guan Yinghui, Cui Ming. Soil organic carbon fraction and enzyme activities under different restoration methods in karst area[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(2): 1-11. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180184

岩溶区不同恢复方式下土壤有机碳组分及酶活性研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180184
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2016YFC0502504

国家自然科学基金项目 41601279

详细信息
    作者简介:

    哈文秀。主要研究方向:植被恢复。Email:763137396@qq.com   地址:100083  北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院

    责任作者:

    崔明,博士,研究员。主要研究方向:石漠化治理。Email:cuiming4057@126.com   地址:100091  北京市海淀区槐树居路10号荒漠化所

  • 中图分类号: S714.6

Soil organic carbon fraction and enzyme activities under different restoration methods in karst area

  • 摘要: 目的植被的自然恢复和人工重建是加速岩溶生态系统修复、提高土壤质量的主要措施。研究岩溶区不同恢复方式下土壤有机碳组分及酶活性可揭示不同恢复方式对土壤质量的影响,旨在为岩溶区植被恢复模式的筛选和恢复的效果评价提供科学依据。方法以云南省建水县岩溶区自然恢复的天然次生林、人工恢复的云南松针叶林、桉树阔叶林为研究对象,分析不同土层的土壤有机碳组分、碳库管理指数和酶活性分布特征及其相关关系。结果各植被恢复方式下土壤有机碳(SOC)含量为9.076~56.855 g/kg,可溶性有机碳(DOC)含量为822.311~1 175.778 mg/kg,微生物量碳(MBC)含量为332.933~2 035.244 mg/kg,易氧化有机碳(EOC)含量为2.381~6.094 g/kg。同一植被恢复方式下,除云南松林下的EOC含量外,各有机碳组分含量均随土层的加深而降低,局部土层深度出现波动。云南松林土壤亚表层(10~20 cm)的EOC含量显著高于表层(0~10 cm)和深层(20~30 cm)。不同植被恢复方式对DOC、EOC与SOC含量的影响大致均表现为:天然次生林>桉树林>云南松林,云南松林各土层的MBC含量始终显著高于桉树林。各有机碳组分与SOC均表现为极显著(P<0.01)或显著(P<0.05)正相关关系;不同植被恢复方式提升土壤碳库管理指数的能力大小为:天然次生林>桉树林>云南松林。SOC与CPI、CPMI呈极显著(P < 0.01)和显著(P < 0.05)正相关,EOC与CPAI、CPI、CPMI呈极显著(P<0.01)或显著(P<0.05)正相关。不同植被恢复方式通过增加土壤SOC、EOC等,从而提高了土壤碳库管理指数;整体上土壤酶活性随着土层的加深呈递减趋势,局部范围内有波动。不同植被恢复方式下土壤酶活性的变化不尽相同,过氧化氢酶和淀粉酶活性表现为天然次生林>云南松林>桉树林。各植被恢复方式下SOC、MBC、DOC、EOC含量与4种土壤酶活性均呈正相关关系,且多为显著或极显著水平。结论3种植被恢复措施在不同程度上提高了土壤各有机碳组分含量、碳库管理指数和土壤酶活性。其中,天然次生林对土壤整体质量的提升能力最高,桉树林在提升总有机碳及活性碳组分含量方面较为显著,而云南松林对过氧化氢酶和淀粉酶活性的提升能力更为显著。因此,应该加快岩溶区宜林土地管理方式的转变,优先考虑自然恢复,选择人工造林时要注重对阔叶树的利用和优化管理。

     

  • 图  1  不同恢复方式下土壤有机碳组分分布特征

    不同大写字母表示同一土层不同恢复方式之间的显著性差异(P<0.05);不同小写字母表示同一恢复方式不同土层之间的显著性差异(P<0.05)。下同。

    Figure  1.  Distribution of soil organic carbon fractions under different vegetation restoration models

    Different capital letters indicate the significant difference between different restoration methods of the same soil layer(P<0.05); different normal letters indicate the significant difference between different soil layers in the same restoration method(P<0.05). The same below.

    图  2  不同恢复方式下土壤酶活性分布特征

    Figure  2.  Distribution characteristics of soil enzyme activities under different restoration models

    表  1  不同恢复方式样地的基本情况

    Table  1.   Basic information of sample plots of different vegetation restoration models

    样地
    Sample plot
    地理坐标
    Geographical coordinate
    海拔
    Elevation/m
    坡度
    Slope degree/(°)
    植被盖度
    Vegetation
    coverage/
    %
    土壤类型
    Soil type
    土层厚度
    Soil thickness/cm
    岩石裸露率
    Bare rock cover rate/%
    凋落物生物量
    Litter biomass/ (g·m-2)
    森林群落
    Forest community
    天然次生林
    Natural secondary forest
    102°55′03″E, 23°44′06″N 1 516 10 75 红色石灰土
    Red lime soil
    中厚
    Medium thickness<99
    55 1 443 铁橡栎Quercus cocciferoides+野山楂Crataegus cuneata—铁仔Myrsine africana+白枪杆Fraxinus malacophylla—刺芒野古草Arundinella setosa
    云南松林
    Pinus yunnanensis forest
    102°46′41″E, 23°40′30″N 1 560 15 80 红色石灰土
    Red lime soil
    中厚
    Medium thickness <99
    60 459 云南松Pinus yunnanensis—铁仔Myrsine africana+小石积Osteomeles anthyllidifolia—刺芒野古草Arundinella setosa
    桉树林
    Eucalyptus robusta forest
    102°57′11″E, 23°42′34″N 1 511 11 65 红色石灰土
    Red lime soil
    中厚
    Medium thickness <99
    60 530 桉树Eucalyptus robusta—铁仔Myrsine africana+白枪杆Fraxinus malacophylla—刺芒野古草Arundinella setosa
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同恢复方式样地的土壤理化性质

    Table  2.   Soil physical and chemical properties of sample plots of different vegetation restoration models

    样地
    Sample plot
    土壤密度
    Bulk density/(g·cm-3)
    土壤含水量
    Soil moisture content/%
    pH 全氮含量
    Total nitrogen content/(g·kg-1)
    全磷含量
    Total phosphorus content/(g·kg-1)
    硝态氮含量
    Nitrate nitrogen content/(g·kg-1)
    速效磷含量
    Available phosphorus content/(g·kg-1)
    天然次生林
    Natural secondary forest
    1.11 31.76 5.64 10.83 0.89 10.57 1.24
    云南松林
    Pinus yunnanensis forest
    1.21 23.79 5.99 4.61 0.57 12.51 0.89
    桉树林
    Eucalyptus robusta forest
    1.15 33.86 5.95 5.29 1.34 11.63 1.99
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同恢复方式下土壤碳库活度及碳库管理指数

    Table  3.   Carbon pool activity and carbon pool management indexes

    土层
    Soil layer/cm
    恢复方式
    Restoration model
    碳库活度
    Carbon pool activity (CPA)
    碳库活度指数
    Carbon pool activity index (CPAI)
    碳库指数
    Carbon pool index (CPI)
    碳库管理指数
    Carbon pool management index (CPMI)
    0~10 天然次生林Natural secondary forest 0.142A 1.216A 1.989A 238.293A
    桉树林Eucalyptus robusta forest 0.116AB 0.991AB 1.685AB 162.188B
    云南松林Pinus yunnanensis forest 0.092B 0.784B 1.301B 98.769C
    10~20 天然次生林Natural secondary forest 0.194A 1.342A 1.993A 264.633A
    桉树林Eucalyptus robusta forest 0.224A 1.554A 1.432AB 203.931B
    云南松林Pinus yunnanensis forest 0.170A 1.179A 1.368A 160.801C
    20~30 天然次生林Natural secondary forest 0.183B 0.685B 1.732A 115.828B
    桉树林Eucalyptus robusta forest 0.392A 1.465A 1.205B 169.401A
    云南松林Pinus yunnanensis forest 0.206B 0.770B 1.750A 134.260A
    0~30 天然次生林Natural secondary forest 0.173A 1.081A 1.905A 206.252A
    桉树林Eucalyptus robusta forest 0.244A 1.337A 1.441B 178.507A
    云南松林Pinus yunnanensis forest 0.156A 0.911A 1.413B 131.277A
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  土壤有机碳含量与碳库管理指数间的相关系数

    Table  4.   Correlations between soil organic carbon content and carbon pool management index

    指标Index SOC MBC DOC EOC CPA CPAI CPI
    MBC 0.790**
    DOC 0.633** 0.459*
    EOC 0.411* 0.116 0.386*
    CPA -0.667** -0.565** -0.270 -0.055
    CPAI -0.115 -0.079 0.204 0.425* 0.651**
    CPI 0.578** 0.139 0.287 0.492** -0.490** -0.448*
    CPMI 0.426* 0.099 0.505** 0.914** 0.192 0.648** 0.349
    注:***分别表示在0.05、0.01水平相关显著。下同。Notes: * and ** stand for significant correlations at P<0.05 and P<0.01 level,respectively. The same as below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  土壤有机碳含量与土壤酶活性间的相关系数

    Table  5.   Correlations between soil organic carbon content and soil enzyme activity

    指标Index 蔗糖酶Invertase 过氧化氢酶Catalase 磷酸酶Phosphatase 淀粉酶Amylase
    SOC 0.756** 0.624** 0.553** 0.481*
    MBC 0.584** 0.340 0.893** 0.552**
    DOC 0.747** 0.653** 0.422* 0.367
    EOC 0.839** 0.499** 0.312 0.432*
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 徐明岗, 于荣, 孙小凤, 等.长期施肥对我国典型土壤活性有机质及碳库管理指数的影响[J].植物营养与肥料学报, 2006, 12(4):459-465. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1008-505X.2006.04.001

    Xu M G, Yu R, Sun X F, et al. Effects of long term fertilization on labile organic matter and carbon management index(CMI) of the typical soils of China[J]. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2006, 12(4):459-465. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1008-505X.2006.04.001
    [2] 刘学东, 陈林, 杨新国, 等.荒漠草原典型植物群落土壤活性有机碳组分特征及其与酶活性的关系[J].西北植物学报, 2016, 36(9):1882-1890. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xbzwxb201609022

    Liu X D, Chen L, Yang X G, et al. Characteristics of soil labile organic carbon fractions and their relationship with soil enzyme activities in four typical communities in desert steppe[J].Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2016, 36(9):1882-1890. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xbzwxb201609022
    [3] Lefroy R D B, Blair G J, Strong W M. Changes in soil organic matter with cropping as measured by organic carbon fractions and 13C natural isotope abundance[J]. Plant & Soil, 1993, 155-156(1):399-402. doi: 10.1007-BF00025067/
    [4] 孙萌, 刘洋, 李寒, 等.有机物覆盖对核桃园土壤有机碳库及酶活性的影响[J].植物营养与肥料学报, 2018, 24(1):270-278. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwyyyflxb201801029

    Sun M, Liu Y, Li H, et al. Effects of organic mulching on soil organic carbon pool and soil enzyme activity in walnut orchard[J]. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2018, 24(1):270-278. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwyyyflxb201801029
    [5] 杜满义, 范少辉, 刘广路, 等.土地利用方式转变对赣中地区土壤活性有机碳的影响[J].应用生态学报, 2013, 24(10):2897-2904. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201310025

    Du M Y, Fan S H, Liu G L, et al. Effects of land use change on soil labile organic carbon in central Jiangxi of China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2013, 24(10):2897-2904. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201310025
    [6] 张娇阳, 梁楚涛, 董昌平, 等.黄土丘陵区不同土地利用下土壤碳组分及碳库管理指数特征[J].水土保持研究, 2016, 23(4):66-69, 76. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbcyj201604014

    Zhang J Y, Liang C T, Dong C P, et al. Characteristics of soil carbon components and carbon pool management in different land uses in loess hilly region[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2016, 23(4):66-69, 76. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbcyj201604014
    [7] Templer P H, Groffman P M, Flecker A S, et al. Land use change and soil nutrient transformations in the Los Haitises Region of the Dominican Republic[J]. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2005, 37(2):215-225. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=15cae0c68390bc83535abc5b27722e37&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [8] 杨万勤, 王开运.土壤酶研究动态与展望[J].应用与环境生物学报, 2002, 8(5):564-570. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-687X.2002.05.025

    Yang W Q, Wang K Y. Advances on soil enzymology[J].Chinese Journal of Applied and Environmental Biology, 2002, 8(5):564-570. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-687X.2002.05.025
    [9] 万忠梅, 宋长春, 杨桂生, 等.三江平原湿地土壤活性有机碳组分特征及其与土壤酶活性的关系[J].环境科学学报, 2009, 29(2):406-412. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkxxb200902026

    Wan Z M, Song C C, Yang G S, et al. The active soil organic carbon fraction and its relationship with soil enzyme activity in different types of marshes in the Sanjiang Plain[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2009, 29(2):406-412. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkxxb200902026
    [10] 袁道先.中国岩溶动力系统[M].北京:地质出版社, 2002.

    Yuan D X. Karst dynamic system in China[M]. Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2002.
    [11] 唐夫凯, 周金星, 崔明, 等.典型岩溶区不同退耕还林地对土壤有机碳和氮素积累的影响[J].北京林业大学学报, 2014, 36(2):44-50. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/bjlydxxb201402007

    Tang F K, Zhou J X, Cui M, et al. Effects of different returning farmland to forestlands on accumulation of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in typicalkarst area of southwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014, 36(2):44-50. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/bjlydxxb201402007
    [12] 陈高起, 傅瓦利, 沈艳, 等.岩溶区不同土地利用方式对土壤有机碳及其组分的影响[J].水土保持学报, 2015, 29(3):123-129. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/trqsystbcxb201503024

    Chen G Q, Fu W L, Shen Y, et al. Effects of land use types on soil organic carbon and its fraction in karst area[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conversation, 2015, 29(3):123-129. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/trqsystbcxb201503024
    [13] 张亚杰, 钱慧慧, 李伏生, 等.不同土地管理和利用方式喀斯特坡地养分和碳库管理指数的差异[J].中国岩溶, 2016, 35(1):27-35. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgyr201601005

    Zhang Y J, Qian H H, Li F S, et al. Differences in soil nutrient and carbon pool management index under different land management and utilization modes in karst slope region[J]. Carsologica Sinica, 2016, 35(1):27-35. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgyr201601005
    [14] 刘晓, 黄林, 郭康莉, 等.施用无害化污泥影响土壤碳库组分和碳库管理指数的演变[J].环境科学, 2017, 38(3):1218-1226. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201703046

    Liu X, Huang L, Guo K L, et al. Influence of the application of non-hazardous sewage sludge on the evolution of soil carbon pool and carbon pool management index[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2017, 38(3):1218-1226. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201703046
    [15] 张瑞, 张贵龙, 姬艳艳, 等.不同施肥措施对土壤活性有机碳的影响[J].环境科学, 2013, 34(1):277-282. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201301042

    Zhang R, Zhang G L, Ji Y Y, et al. Effects of different fertilizer application on soil active organic carbon[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2013, 34(1):277-282. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201301042
    [16] Mclatchey G P, Reddy K R. Regulation of organic matter decomposition and nutrient release in a wetland soil[J]. Journal of Environmental Quality, 1998, 27(5):1268-1274. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=c4cda1f2877e93ac14c50eea6545ab2c&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [17] 杨兰芳, 曾巧, 李海波, 等.紫外分光光度法测定土壤过氧化氢酶活性[J].土壤通报, 2011, 42(1):207-210. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/trtb201101043

    Yang L F, Zeng Q, Li H B, et al. Measurement of catalase activity in soil by ultraviolet spectrophotometry[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2011, 42(1):207-210. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/trtb201101043
    [18] 关松荫, 孟昭鹏.不同垦殖年限黑土农化性状与酶活性的变化[J].土壤通报, 1986, 4(4):157-159. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TRTB198604003.htm

    Guan S Y, Meng Z P. Changes of agro chemical properties and enzyme activities in black soil under different reclamation years[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 1986, 4(4):157-159. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TRTB198604003.htm
    [19] 关松荫, 沈桂琴, 孟昭鹏, 等.我国主要土壤剖面酶活性状况[J].土壤学报, 1984, 21(4):368-381. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TRXB198404003.htm

    Guan S Y, Shen G Q, Meng Z P, et al.Enzyme activity in the main soil profiles in China[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 1984, 21(4):368-381. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TRXB198404003.htm
    [20] 董扬红, 曾全超, 李娅芸, 等.黄土高原不同植被类型土壤活性有机碳组分分布特征[J].草地学报, 2015, 23(2):277-284. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/cdxb201502009

    Dong Y H, Zeng Q C, Li Y Y, et al. The characteristics of soil active organic carbon composition under different vegetation types on the Loess Plateau[J]. Acta Agrestia Sinica, 2015, 23(2):277-284. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/cdxb201502009
    [21] 苗娟, 周传艳, 李世杰, 等.不同林龄云南松林土壤有机碳和全氮积累特征[J].应用生态学报, 2014, 25(3):625-631. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201403001

    Miao J, Zhou C Y, Li S J, et al. Accumulation of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in Pinus yunnanensis forests at differentage stages[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2014, 25(3):625-631. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201403001
    [22] 范志平, 胡亚林, 黎锦涛, 等.干湿交替对半干旱区沙地樟子松人工林土壤C和N矿化速率影响[J].生态学杂志, 2015, 34(12):3360-3367. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201512012

    Fan Z P, Hu Y L, Li J T, et al. Effects of drying-rewetting on soil C and N mineralization rates in Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica plantation in a semi-arid region[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(12):3360-3367. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201512012
    [23] Zou X M, Ruan H H, Fu Y, et al. Estimating soil labile organic carbon and potential turnover rates using a sequential fumigation-incubation procedure[J]. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2005, 37(10):1923-1928. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=468b45cebbfbd0497ebb47833131a7a6&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [24] 邓坤枚, 罗天祥, 张林, 等.云南松林的根系生物量及其分布规律的研究[J].应用生态学报, 2005, 16(1):21-24. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2005.01.004

    Deng K M, Luo T X, Zhang L, et al. Root biomass of different standage Pinus yunnanensis forests and its distribution pattern in different soil depths[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2005, 16(1):21-24. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2005.01.004
    [25] 胡宁, 马志敏, 蓝家程, 等.石漠化山地植被恢复过程土壤团聚体氮分布及与氮素矿化关系研究[J].环境科学, 2015, 36(9):3411-3421. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201509037

    Hu N, Ma Z M, Lan J C, et al. Nitrogen fraction distributions and impacts on soil nitrogen mineralization in different vegetation restorations of karst rocky desertification[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2015, 36(9):3411-3421. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201509037
    [26] Qi R, Li J, Lin Z, et al. Temperature effects on soil organic carbon, soil labile organic carbon fractions, and soil enzyme activities under long-term fertilization regimes[J]. Applied Soil Ecology, 2016, 102:36-45. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.02.004
    [27] 王清奎, 汪思龙, 冯宗炜, 等.土壤活性有机质及其与土壤质量的关系[J].生态学报, 2005, 25(3):513-519. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2005.03.019

    Wang Q K, Wang S L, Fen Z W, et al. Active soil organic matter and its relationship with soil quality[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(3):513-519. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2005.03.019
    [28] 王棣.秦岭典型林分土壤有机碳组分及其分布特征[D].杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2015. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10712-1015333253.htm

    Wang D. The variation of distribution characteristics and major fractions of soil organic carbon under different forest types in the Qinling mountains[D]. Yangling: Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, 2015. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10712-1015333253.htm
    [29] Blair G J, Lefroy R, Lisle L. Soil carbon fractions based on their degree of oxidation, and the development of a carbon management index for agricultural systems[J]. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 1995, 46(7):393-406. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=16162941b6ff19863d6b1e24c1f75ed2&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [30] 邱莉萍, 张兴昌, 程积民.不同封育年限草地土壤有机质组分及其碳库管理指数[J].植物营养与肥料学报, 2011, 17(5):1166-1171. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZWYF201105017.htm

    Qiu L P, Zhang X C, Cheng J M, et al. Soil organic matter fractions and soil carbon management index in grasslands with different fencing ages[J]. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2011, 17(5):1166-1171. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZWYF201105017.htm
    [31] 唐国勇, 李昆, 孙永玉, 等.干热河谷不同利用方式下土壤活性有机碳含量及其分配特征[J].环境科学, 2010, 31(5):1365-1371. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201005038

    Tang G Y, Li K, Sun Y Y, et al. Soil labile organic carbon contents and their allocation characteristics under different land uses at dry-hot valley[J]. Environmental Science, 2010, 31(5):1365-1371. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/hjkx201005038
    [32] 姜勇, 梁文举, 闻大中.免耕对农田土壤生物学特性的影响[J].土壤通报, 2004, 35(3):347-351. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0564-3945.2004.03.025

    Jiang Y, Liang W J, Wen D Z. Effects of no-tillage on soil biological properties in farmlands: a review[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2004, 35(3):347-351. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0564-3945.2004.03.025
    [33] 叶协锋, 杨超, 李正, 等.绿肥对植烟土壤酶活性及土壤肥力的影响[J].植物营养与肥料学报, 2013, 19(2):445-454. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwyyyflxb201302022

    Ye X F, Yang C, Li Z, et al. Effects of green manure in corporation on soil enzyme activities and fertility in tobacco-planting soils[J]. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2013, 19(2):445-454. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwyyyflxb201302022
    [34] 万忠梅, 宋长春.小叶章湿地土壤酶活性分布特征及其与活性有机碳表征指标的关系[J].湿地科学, 2008, 6(2):249-257. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/shidkx200802024

    Wan Z M, Song C C. Vertical dynamics of soil enzyme activities and its relationship with active organic carbon indicators in Deyeuxia angustifolia wetland[J]. Wetland Science, 2008, 6(2):249-257. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/shidkx200802024
    [35] 南丽丽, 郭全恩, 曹诗瑜, 等.疏勒河流域不同植被类型土壤酶活性动态变化[J].干旱地区农业研究, 2014, 32(1):134-139. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/ghdqnyyj201401022

    Nan L L, Guo Q E, Cao S Y, et al. Dynamic changes of soil enzyme activities of different vegetation types in Shulehe River Basin, China[J]. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2014, 32(1):134-139. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/ghdqnyyj201401022
    [36] 杨文英, 邵学新, 梁威, 等.杭州湾湿地土壤酶活性分布特征及其与活性有机碳组分的关系[J].湿地科学与管理, 2011, 7(2):54-58. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-3290.2011.02.13

    Yang W Y, Shao X X, Liang W, et al. Activities and its relationship with active organic carbon fractions in Hangzhou Bay[J]. Wetland Science & Management, 2011, 7(2):54-58. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-3290.2011.02.13
    [37] Brockman F J, Murray C J. Subsurface microbiological heterogeneity: current knowledge, descriptive approaches and applications[J]. Fems Microbiology Reviews, 1997, 20(3-4):231-247. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.1997.tb00311.x
    [38] 张仕艳, 原海红, 陆梅, 等.滇西北不同利用类型土壤酶活性及其与理化性质与微生物的关系[J].亚热带水土保持, 2010, 22(2):13-16. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-2651.2010.02.004

    Zhang S Y, Yuan H H, Lu M, et al. The soil enzyme activities of different land use types and the relationship between the soil enzyme activities and physical-chemical properties or microorganism in mountains area of northwest Yunnan Province[J]. Subtropical Soil and Water Conversation, 2010, 22(2):13-16. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-2651.2010.02.004
  • 加载中
图(2) / 表(5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  712
  • HTML全文浏览量:  397
  • PDF下载量:  38
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-05-30
  • 修回日期:  2018-09-27
  • 刊出日期:  2019-02-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回