高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于时间和空间差异的事件性景观服务设施设计研究——以河北省第二届园林博览会为例

于初初 赵凯茜 姚朋

于初初, 赵凯茜, 姚朋. 基于时间和空间差异的事件性景观服务设施设计研究——以河北省第二届园林博览会为例[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 109-118. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180206
引用本文: 于初初, 赵凯茜, 姚朋. 基于时间和空间差异的事件性景观服务设施设计研究——以河北省第二届园林博览会为例[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 109-118. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180206
Yu Chuchu, Zhao Kaixi, Yao Peng. Design and planning of infrastructures in event landscape based on time and space difference:a case study of the 2nd Hebei Garden Exposition[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 109-118. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180206
Citation: Yu Chuchu, Zhao Kaixi, Yao Peng. Design and planning of infrastructures in event landscape based on time and space difference:a case study of the 2nd Hebei Garden Exposition[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 109-118. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180206

基于时间和空间差异的事件性景观服务设施设计研究——以河北省第二届园林博览会为例

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180206
基金项目: 

北京市科技计划重大支撑项目“北京世界园艺博览会园区周边园林景观设计提升与示范” D171100000217001

中央高校基本科研业务费专项 2017ZY11

详细信息
    作者简介:

    于初初。主要研究方向:风景园林规划与设计。Email:yuchuchu5.1@163.com  地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院

    责任作者:

    姚朋,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:风景园林规划与设计。Email:chinayp815@163.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: TU986

Design and planning of infrastructures in event landscape based on time and space difference:a case study of the 2nd Hebei Garden Exposition

  • 摘要: 目的事件性景观已成为推动城市更新与发展的有效途径。大型城市事件都有一个从蓄积到发生再到结束后产生效应的全过程,因此其使用人群在事件的发生期和结束后呈现出明显的数量和结构变化,服务设施也相应地出现供需不平衡、景观同质化等问题,因而有必要对事件性景观服务设施的设计提出更为集约和弹性的策略与方法。方法采用基于时间差异的服务设施数量测算方法,该方法包括:(1)在事件发生期,基于瞬时最大游人容量进行服务设施数量测算;(2)在事件结束后,基于城市公共绿地设计规范进行服务设施数量测算。并结合河北省第二届园林博览会的景观服务设施设计,确定两种计算结果,并对其进行分析。结果基于瞬时最大游人容量的测算结果数值较大,基于城市公共绿地设计规范的测算结果数值较小,两者之间存在明显差值。因此,本文建议将事件结束后的服务设施设置为永久性设施,其与事件发生期的差值部分设置为临时性设施,并采用二者相结合的设计策略,提出基于空间差异的场地布局,以满足使用人群的需求变化。结论本文分析了事件性景观服务设施所存在的问题,并根据测算和研究结果提出了基于时间和空间差异的设计策略与方法,以期为同类设计提供有益参考。

     

  • 图  1  基于时间差异的事件性景观游客人数柱形图

    Figure  1.  Number of visitor column chart for event landscape based on time difference

    图  2  秦皇岛园博会总平面图

    Figure  2.  Master plan of Qinhuangdao Garden Exposition

    图  3  事件性景观服务设施的设计策略

    Figure  3.  Design strategies of infrastructures in event landscape

    图  4  基于空间差异的服务设施弹性布局

    Figure  4.  Layout arrangement of infrastructures in event landscape

    图  5  服务设施总体布局平面图

    Figure  5.  Master plan of infrastructures

    图  6  园博会电瓶车停靠点场地布局

    Figure  6.  Layout of temporary and permanent infrastructures

    表  1  事件性景观服务设施的内容及分类

    Table  1.   Components and classification of infrastructure in event landscape

    设施类型
    Infrastructure category
    非建筑类
    Non-building type
    建筑类
    Building type
    设施项目
    Comment of infrastructure
    交通类
    Traffics
    停车场、自行车存放处
    Park, cycle station
    电瓶车停靠站
    Cart station
    休憩类
    Recreation
    休息座椅、饮水处
    Benches for rest, water fountain
    游客服务中心、临时服务区、医疗救助站、公厕、售卖处、餐厅
    Visitor center, temporary service center, aid station, public toilets, sale room, restaurant,
    标识类
    Identification
    标识、园灯、垃圾箱
    Identification, lights, dustbin
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  单位规模指标

    Table  2.   Unit scale quota

    风景空间类型Scenery category 道路Road 景点Scenic spot 设施Infrastructure
    人均面积Per capita area/m2 5~10[5] 50~100[5] 5~10
    注:设施(含建筑)主要为游人提供方便与服务,其功能与道路类似,故将其单位规模指标定为5~10m2/人。Notes: the infrastructure including buildings could provide tourists with service, which is similar to the road. So the unit scale quota of the infrastructure is the same as that of the road.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各类道路瞬时最大游人容量

    Table  3.   The maximum visitor capacity of the roads

    道路类型
    Road category
    道路面积
    Road size/m2
    人均面积
    Per capita area/m2
    瞬时游人最大容量
    Instantaneous maximum visitor number
    主路
    Main road
    26700 5 5340
    次路
    Secondary road
    20530 5 4106
    支路
    Branch
    18400 5 3680
    总计
    Total
    65630 13126
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  各类景点瞬时最大游人容量

    Table  4.   The maximum visitor capacity of the scenic spots

        景点类型
        Scenery category
    景点面积
    Scenery size/m2
    人均面积
    Per capita area/m2
    瞬时最大游人容量
    Instantaneous maximum visitor number
    展园Exhibition garden 河北省城市展园Urban gardens of Hebei 80 770 50 1 615
    秦皇岛及县市区展园Qinhuangdao urban gardens 30 110 50 602
    设计师园Designer gardens 16 740 50 335
    企业展园及展示点Enterprise gardens 6 900 50 138
    专类植物花园Specified flower gardens 14 080 50 282
    铺装场地Paving sites 84 640 50 1 693
    总计Total 233 240 4 665
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  各类设施瞬时最大游人容量

    Table  5.   The maximum visitor capacity of infrastructures

        设施类型
        Infrastructure category
    设施面积
    Infrastructure size/m2
    人均面积
    Per capita area/m2
    瞬时最大游人容量
    Instantaneous maximum visitor number
    建筑物Buildings 主场馆Main hall 12 000 5 2 400
    绿色馆Green hall 8 000 5 1 600
    园林建筑Landscape architectures 820 5 164
    总计Total 4 164
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  园博会展期部分服务设施的数量

    Table  6.   Infrastructure quantities during exhibition

    设施类型
    Infrastructure category
    设施项目
    Infrastructure content
    所需设施数量
    Infrastructure number
    建筑类
    Building
    餐厅
    Restaurant
    1646个就餐位
    1646 seats
    公厕
    Toilet
    663个厕位,其中男、女厕位分别为264、399个
    663 stalls;264 for male,399 for female
    非建筑类
    Non-building
    停车场
    Park
    3293个车位
    3293 parking spaces
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  园博会会后部分服务设施的数量

    Table  7.   Quantities of infrastructures after exhibition

    设施类型
    Infrastructure category
    设施项目
    Infrastructure content
    所需设施数量
    Infrastructure number
    建筑类
    Building
    餐厅
    Restaurant
    728个餐位
    728 seats
    公厕
    Toilet
    240个厕位,其中男、女厕位分别为96、144个
    240 stalls;96 for male,144 for female
    非建筑类
    Non-building
    停车场
    Park
    1596个车位
    1596 parking spaces
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  园博会服务设施数量差值

    Table  8.   T D-value of infrastructures after exhibition

    设施类型
    Infrastructure category
    设施项目
    Infrastructure content
    差值
    D-value
    建筑类
    Building
    餐厅
    Restaurant
    918个餐位
    918 seats
    公厕
    Toilet
    423个厕位,其中男、女厕位分别为168、255个
    423 stalls;168 for male,255 for female
    非建筑类
    Non-building
    停车场
    Park
    1697个车位
    1697 parking spaces
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  园博会的服务设施数量

    Table  9.   Infrastructure quantities of garden exposition

    设施类型
    Infrastructure category
    设施项目
    Infrastructure content
    设施数量
    Infrastructure number
    设施位置
    Infrastructure location
    备注
    Note
    非建筑类
    Non-building
    停车场
    Park
    2 北部一处
    One in the north
    总泊位数:3293个
    3293 parking spaces in total
    永久泊位:1596个
    1596 perpetual spaces
    南部一处
    One in the south
    临时泊位:1697个
    1697 temporary spaces
    建筑类
    Building
    餐厅
    Restaurant
    4 秦皇岛园南
    On the south of the Qinhuangdao Garden
    总餐位数:1646个
    1646 seats in total
    永久餐位:728个
    728 perpetual seats
    石家庄园西南
    On the southwest of the Shijiazhuang Garden
    辛集园西北
    On the northwest of the Xinji Garden
    京津冀示范展园区南
    On the south of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Demo Garden
    临时餐位:918个
    918 temporary seats
    公厕
    Public toilet
    15 全园
    All around the park
    总厕位数:663个
    663 stalls in total;
    男、女厕位分别为264、399个
    264 for male,399 for female
    永久厕位240个,男、女厕位分别为96、144个;
    240 perpetual stalls;96 for male,144 for female
    临时厕位423个,男、女厕位分别为168、255个
    423 temporary stalls;168 for male,255 for female
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 姚朋, 张恒玮, 王雪颖.山水城市视角下石家庄国际园林博览会规划策略探究[J].工业建筑, 2018, 48(1):33-37. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gyjz201801006

    Yao P, Zhang H W, Wang X Y. Planning and strategy research on Shijiazhuang International Garden Expo from the perspective of Shanshui city[J]. Industrial Construction, 2018, 48(1):33-37. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gyjz201801006
    [2] 符霞, 乌恩.游憩机会谱(ROS)理论的产生及其应用[J].桂林旅游高等专科学校学报, 2006, 17(6):691-694. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gllygdzkxxxb200606014

    Fu X, Wu E. The development and application of recreation opportunity spectrum theory[J]. Journal of Guilin Institute of Tourism, 2006, 17(6):691-694. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/gllygdzkxxxb200606014
    [3] 蔡君.略论游憩机会谱(Recreation Opportunity Spectrum, ROS)框架体系[J].中国园林, 2006, 22(7):73-77. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6664.2006.07.016

    Cai J. Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) system research[J]. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2006, 22(7):73-77. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6664.2006.07.016
    [4] 朱元恩.旅游区餐饮设施规划中的就餐位需求研究[J].全国商情, 2015(18):36-38. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/qgsq-jjllyj201536010

    Zhu Y E. The requirements research of seats at the planning of dinning facilities in tourist area[J]. China Business, 2015(18):36-38. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/qgsq-jjllyj201536010
    [5] 风景名胜区规划规范.GB 50298—1999中国标准书号[S].北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 1999.

    Code for Scenic area Planning.GB 50298—1999 China Standard Book Number[S]. Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press, 1999.
    [6] 公园设计规范. GB 51192—2016中国标准书号[S].北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2016.

    Code for the design of public park. GB 51192—2016 China Standard Book Number[S]. Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press, 2016.
    [7] 田至美.重庆天坑地缝景区环境容量测算[J].国土与自然资源研究, 2005(2):72-73. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-7853.2005.02.035

    Tian Z M. A tourist carrying capacity measure to Tiankeng and Difeng scenery area[J]. Territory and Natural Resources Study, 2005(2):72-73. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-7853.2005.02.035
    [8] 李渊, 林晓云, 江和洲, 等.基于旅游者空间行为特征的景区公厕优化配置:以鼓浪屿为例[J].地理与地理信息科学, 2017, 33(2):121-126. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-0504.2017.02.020

    Li Y, Lin X Y, Jiang H Z, et al. Optimal configuration of public toilets in scenic area based on tourist spatial behavior characteristics: a case study of Gulangyu[J]. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2017, 33(2):121-126. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-0504.2017.02.020
    [9] 饮食建筑设计规范. JGJ 64—89中国标准书号[S].北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 1990

    Code for Design of Catering Architecture. JGJ 64—89 China Standard Book Number[S]. Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press, 1990.
    [10] 旅游厕所质量等级的划分与评定. GB/T 18973—2016中国标准书号[S].北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2016.

    Classification and evaluation of tourism toilets. GB/T 18973—2016 China Standard Book Number[S]. Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press, 2016.
    [11] 城市公共厕所设计标准. CJJ 14—2016中国标准书号[S].北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2016.

    Standard for design of public toilets in city. CJJ 14—2016 China Standard Book Number[S]. Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press, 2016.
    [12] Clark R N, Stankey G H. The recreation opportunity spectrum: a framework for planning, management, and research[J]. Portland:Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, 1979.
    [13] 刘明丽, 张玉钧.游憩机会谱(ROS)在游憩资源管理中的应用[J].世界林业研究, 2008, 21(3):28-33. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/sjlyyj200803006

    Liu M L, Zhang Y J. Application of recreation opportunity spectrum (ROS) in recreation resources management[J]. World Forestry Research, 2008, 21(3):28-33. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/sjlyyj200803006
    [14] 李艳鸣.按时进餐你做到了吗[J].家庭医学, 2017(10):42. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0203.2017.10.046

    Li Y M. Do you have your meals on time[J]. Family Medicine, 2017(10):42. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0203.2017.10.046
    [15] 郑曦, 李雄. "事件景观"塑造新公共空间作为城市发展促进力:以第三届亚沙会主会场区设计为例[J].中国园林, 2015, 31(6):30-34. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6664.2015.06.007

    Zheng X, Li X. New public space of "event landscape" as the catalyst of urbanism: the case of the main venue design of Asian beach games in Haiyang City[J]. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2015, 31(6):30-34. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6664.2015.06.007
    [16] 郭泽莉, 赵红霞.科学运用园林助推城市发展[EB/OL]. (2016-05-12)[2016-05-12]. http://xinwen.china-flower.com/2016/garden_0520/168638.html.

    Guo Z L, Zhao H X. Use the knowledge of landscape architecture to promote the development of cityscientifically[EB/OL]. (2016-05-12)[2016-05-12]. http://xinwen.china-flower.com/2016/garden_0520/168638.html.
    [17] 付军.风景区规划[M].北京:气象出版社, 2004.

    Fu J.Scenic area planning[M]. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 2004.
    [18] 张胤.现代城市事件中临时性景观的探索与研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2008. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-2008084663.htm

    Zhang Y. The exploration and research for temporary landscape architecture in modern city events[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2008. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-2008084663.htm
    [19] 郑曦, 孙晓春.以城市事件为推动力的城市发展与环境景观建设[J].风景园林, 2006(2):72-77.

    Zheng X, Sun X C. City events promote urban and landscape development[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2006(2):72-77.
    [20] 王珊亚萍.当代城市闲置空间的临时性景观设计[J].中国住宅设施, 2017(2):40-41. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-5093.2017.02.016

    Wang S Y P. The design oftemporary landscape at modern urban vacant spaces[J]. China Housing Facilities, 2017(2):40-41. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-5093.2017.02.016
    [21] 陆林.山岳风景区客流研究:以安徽黄山为例[J].地理学报, 1994(3):236-245. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.1994.03.009

    Lu L. A study on the tourist flows in mountain resorts: a case study in Huangshan Mountain[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1994(3):236-245. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.1994.03.009
    [22] 张欣.体育事件中临时性景观设计的探索和研究[D].哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2011.

    Zhang X. The exploration and researches for temporary landscape design in sports events[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2011.
    [23] 蔡碧凡, 陶卓民, 张明如, 等.天目山景区客流季节性波动特征及影响因素[J].浙江农林大学学报, 2015, 32(6):947-957. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zjlxyxb201506019

    Cai B F, Tao Z M, Zhang M R, et al. Seasonal fluctuation characteristic and determinants of tourist flows of mount Tianmu scenic area[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A&F University, 2015, 32(6):947-957. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zjlxyxb201506019
    [24] 李迪华, 范闻捷.北京城市离退休居民与城市公园绿地关系[J].城市环境与城市生态, 2001(3):33-35. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=cshjycsst200103011

    Li D H, Fan W J. Relationships between retired residential and urban parks and vegetated lands in Beijing[J]. Urban Environment and Urban Ecology, 2001(3):33-35. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=cshjycsst200103011
    [25] Gelders D, Van Zuilen B. City events: short and serial reproduction effects on the city's image?[J]. Corporate Communications: an International Journal, 2013, 18(1): 110-118. doi: 10.1108/13563281311294155
    [26] Hong S K, Lee M W, Lee S M, et al.Searching for facilities and service programs for the establishment of urban park identification[J]. Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, 2007, 35(5):29-36. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=JAKO200706717327302
    [27] Abdullah S A. The characteristics of the cultural landscape in malaysia: concept and perspective[M]. Tokyo: the Springer Press, 2011.
    [28] Rossi A. The architecture of the city[M]. Boston: the MIT Press, 1984.
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(9)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  875
  • HTML全文浏览量:  230
  • PDF下载量:  27
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-06-26
  • 修回日期:  2018-08-29
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回