高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

云杉-白桦混交林结构特征分析

吴晓永 杨华 吕延杰 王全军 孙权

吴晓永, 杨华, 吕延杰, 王全军, 孙权. 云杉-白桦混交林结构特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 64-72. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180211
引用本文: 吴晓永, 杨华, 吕延杰, 王全军, 孙权. 云杉-白桦混交林结构特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 64-72. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180211
Wu Xiaoyong, Yang Hua, Lü Yanjie, Wang Quanjun, Sun Quan. Analysis of structure characteristics in Picea asperata-Betula platyphylla mixed forests[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 64-72. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180211
Citation: Wu Xiaoyong, Yang Hua, Lü Yanjie, Wang Quanjun, Sun Quan. Analysis of structure characteristics in Picea asperata-Betula platyphylla mixed forests[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 64-72. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180211

云杉-白桦混交林结构特征分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180211
基金项目: 

“十三五”国家科技支撑计划课题“长白山次生林更新技术研究与示范” 2017YFC0504101

详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴晓永。主要研究方向:森林结构生长模型模拟。Email:XYI_WU@163.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    杨华,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:森林结构生长模型模拟。Email:huayang8747@163.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S758.5+2

Analysis of structure characteristics in Picea asperata-Betula platyphylla mixed forests

  • 摘要: 目的合理描述森林结构特征可为森林经营管理提供有效的指导。本文对长白山云杉-白桦混交林的结构特征进行研究,可为林分结构的优化调整提供参考。方法以云杉-白桦混交林为研究对象,研究区位于吉林省汪清县金沟岭林场。设置两块立地条件基本一致的云杉-白桦混交林样地(面积均为60 m×60 m),应用空间结构参数混交度、角尺度和大小比,建立空间结构参数的三元分布,描述整个林分和林分内云杉、白桦树种的空间结构特征。结果(1) 林分中的云杉和白桦树种株数分布主要集中在6、8和10 cm径阶,林分密度较大。(2)随混交度的升高林木株数先增加后减少,林分整体处于中度混交状态,即绝大多数林木相邻4株树中有2株树为同种;随角尺度的升高林木株数先增加后减少,有1/2以上的林木处于随机分布,且处于随机分布状态的林木大多数为中度混交状态;不同优势度等级上,林木株数分布大致相同,优势木株数稍高于劣势木株数。林分在结构参数组合为中度混交、随机分布、亚优势状态时,株数分布最多。(3)云杉树种,在样地1中结构参数组合为中度混交、随机分布、亚优势状态时林木分布较多;在样地2中结构参数组合为零度混交、随机分布、优势状态的林木分布较多。(4)白桦树种,在样地1中结构参数组合为中度混交、随机分布、优势和亚优势状态时株数分布最多;在样地2中结构参数组合为中度混交、随机分布、劣势状态的株数分布最多。(5)林分中云杉树种的优势度整体高于白桦。结论结构参数的三元分布可以同时表达林木的混交度、角尺度和大小比数,蕴含着丰富的信息,可为云杉-白桦混交林的结构优化调整提供重要的参考信息。

     

  • 图  1  样地1和样地2云杉-白桦的直径分布

    Figure  1.  Diameter distribution of Picea asperata and Betula platyphylla in sample plot 1 and sample plot 2

    图  2  样地1和样地2空间结构参数的三元分布

    Figure  2.  Trivariate distribution of spatial structure parameters in sample plot 1 and sample plot 2

    图  3  云杉空间结构参数三元分布图

    Figure  3.  Trivariate distribution of spatial structure parameters of Picea asperata

    图  4  白桦空间结构参数三元分布

    Figure  4.  Trivariate distribution of spatial structure parameters of Betula platyphylla

    表  1  样地调查因子

    Table  1.   Survey factor of sample plot

    样地
    Sample
    plot
    树种
    Tree
    species
    密度/
    (tree·hm-2)
    Density/
    (tree·ha-1)
    胸径DBH/cm树高Tree height/m断面积/
    (m2·hm-2)
    Basal area/
    (m2·ha-1)
    断面积比例
    Ratio of mean
    basal area/%
    平均值
    Average
    最大值
    Max.
    平均值
    Average
    最大值
    Max.
    样地1
    Sample
    plot 1
    白桦 Betula platyphylla1 7089.918.512.024.04.77142.77
    紫椴 Tilia amurensis37.07.010.010.00.0040.03
    胡桃楸 Juglans mandshurica149.113.910.415.20.0320.29
    黄桦 B. allegheniensis728.613.711.115.30.1511.36
    冷杉 Abies fabri699.223.27.914.20.1671.49
    蒙古栎 Quercus mongolica68.48.814.814.80.0110.10
    落叶松 Larix gmelinii331.731.711.111.10.0790.71
    青楷槭 Acer tegmentosum36.56.57.67.60.0030.03
    色木槭 A. mono611.515.08.99.80.0210.19
    水曲柳 Fraxinus mandshurica3611.028.89.915.00.1231.10
    山杨 Populus daridiana259.313.010.415.00.0610.55
    春榆 Ulmus japonica322.122.111.811.80.0380.34
    云杉 Picea asperata1 61411.233.38.618.35.69251.03
    样地2
    Sample
    plot 2
    白桦 B. platyphylla1 3229.318.713.519.83.21822.27
    胡桃楸 J. mandshurica148.713.110.114.90.0290.20
    黄桦 B. allegheniensis3912.020.912.717.50.1571.09
    冷杉 A. fabri978.014.49.313.20.1761.22
    落叶松 L. gmelinii632.033.114.114.30.1611.11
    水曲柳 F. mandshurica612.115.012.913.90.0230.16
    山杨 P. davidiana86.97.911.814.10.0110.08
    云杉 P. asperata2 31112.826.511.419.810.67773.87
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 惠刚盈.基于相邻木关系的林分空间结构参数应用研究[J].北京林业大学学报, 2013, 35(4):1-9. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9893

    Hui G Y. Studies on the application of stand spatial structure parameters based on the relationship of neighborhood trees[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2013, 35(4):1-9. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9893
    [2] 陈亚南.落叶松云冷杉林空间结构多样性及择伐模型的研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1016145052.htm

    Chen Y N. Study on spatial structure diversity and selective cutting decision model of larch-spruce-fir stands[D].Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1016145052.htm
    [3] 陈亚南, 杨华, 马士友, 等.长白山2种针阔混交林空间结构多样性研究[J].北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(12):48-58. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150171

    Chen Y N, Yang H, Ma S Y, et al. Spatial structure diversity of semi-natural and plantation stands of Larix gmelini in Changbai Mountains, northeastern China[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(12):48-58 doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150171
    [4] 彭辉, 周红敏, 王宏翔, 等.BCI 50 hm2森林大样地2010年活立木空间结构分析[J].林业科学研究, 2017, 30(6):895-901. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=lykxyj201706002

    Peng H, Zhou H M, Wang H X, et al. Research on spatial structure of 50 hm2 forest plot at Barro Colorado Island in 2010[J].Forest Research, 2017, 30(6):895-901. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=lykxyj201706002
    [5] 张连金, 赖光辉, 封焕英, 等.京西油松生态公益林空间结构评价[J].生态学杂志, 2018, 37(5):1316-1325. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201805004

    Zhang L J, Lai G H, Feng H Y, et al.Evaluation of the stand spatial structure of Pinus tabuliformis ecological forest in West Beijing[J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2018, 37(5):1316-1325. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201805004
    [6] 杨华, 李艳丽, 沈林, 等.长白山云冷杉针阔混交林主要树种空间分布及其关联性[J].生态学报, 2014, 34(16):4698-4706. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201416027

    Yang H, Li Y L, Shen L, et al. Spatial distributions and associations of main tree species in a spruce-fir forest in the Changbai Mountains area in northeastern China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(16): 4698-4706. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201416027
    [7] 李际平, 封尧, 赵春燕, 等.基于Voronoi图的杉木生态公益林空间结构量化分析[J].北京林业大学学报, 2014, 36(4):1-7. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2014.04.005

    Li J P, Feng Y, Zhao C Y, et al. Quantitative analysis of stand spatial structure of Cunninghamia lanceolata non-commercial forest based on Voronoi diagram[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014, 36(4): 1-7. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2014.04.005
    [8] 汤孟平, 周国模, 陈永刚, 等.基于Voronoi图的天目山常绿阔叶林混交度[J].林业科学, 2009, 45(6):1-5. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2009.06.001

    Tang M P, Zhou G M, Chen Y G, et al. Mingling of evergreen broad-leaved forests in Tianmu Mountain based on Voronoi diagram[J].Scientia Silvae Sinica, 2009, 45(6):1-5. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2009.06.001
    [9] 李际平, 房晓娜, 封尧, 等.基于加权Voronoi图的林木竞争指数[J].北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(3):61-68. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140310

    Li J P, Fang X N, Feng Y, et al. Tree competition indexes based on weighted Voronoi diagram[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(3): 61-68. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140310
    [10] 赵中华, 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 等.基于大小比数的林分空间优势度表达方法及其应用[J].北京林业大学学报, 2014, 36(1):78-82. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9963

    Zhao Z H, Hui G Y, Hu Y B, et al. Method and application of stand spatial advantage degree based on the neighborhood comparison[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014, 36(1):78-82. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9963
    [11] 赵中华, 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 等.角尺度判断林木水平分布格局的新方法[J].林业科学, 2016, 52(2):10-16. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykx201602002

    Zhao Z H, Hui G Y, Hu Y B, et al. The new method judged horizontal distribution pattern by uniform angle index[J].Scientia Silvae Sinica, 2016, 52(2):10-16. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykx201602002
    [12] 赵春燕, 李际平, 封尧, 等.考虑k阶邻近林木的混交度[J].林业科学, 2015, 51(4):89-95. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykx201504011

    Zhao C Y, Li J P, Feng Y, et al.Mingling of considering k-order adjacent trees[J].Scientia Silvae Sinica, 2015, 51(4):89-95. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykx201504011
    [13] 曹小玉, 李际平, 胡园杰, 等.杉木生态林林分间伐空间结构优化模型[J].生态学杂志, 2017, 36(4):1134-1141. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201704032

    Chao X Y, Li J P, Hu Y J.et al. Spatial structure optimizing model of stand thinning of Cunninghamia lanceolata ecological forest[J].Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2017, 36(4):1134-1141. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201704032
    [14] 黎芳, 潘萍, 臧颢, 等.赣南马尾松林分多功能经营空间结构优化模型研究[J].西南林业大学学报(自然科学), 2017, 37(6): 141-147. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xnlxyxb201706023

    Li F, Pan P, Zang H, et al. Spatial structure optimizing model of Pinus massoniana stand based on multi-function management in southern Jiangxi[J].Journal of Southwest Forestry University(Natural Sciences), 2017, 37(6):141-147. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xnlxyxb201706023
    [15] 宋放.将乐林场杉木人工林空间结构及其优化模型研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1016137450.htm

    Song F. Spatial structure and optimization models of Cunninghamia lanceolata in Jiangle Forestry Farm[D].Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1016137450.htm
    [16] 吕忠爽, 刘兆刚, 董灵波, 等.基于综合采伐指数的帽儿山阔叶混交林结构优化模拟[J].东北林业大学学报, 2018, 46(4):12-17, 22. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2018.04.003

    Lü Z S, Liu Z G, Dong L B, et al. Simulation of mixed forest structure optimization with comprehensive cutting index in Maoer Mountain[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2018, 46(4):12-17, 22. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2018.04.003
    [17] 惠刚盈, Von Gadow K, Albert M.一个新的林分空间结构参数:大小比数[J].林业科学研究, 1999, 12(1):4-9. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj199901001

    Hui G Y, Von Gadow K, Albert M. A new parameter for stand spatial structure neighbourhood comparison[J].Forest Research, 1999, 12(1):4-9. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj199901001
    [18] 惠刚盈, 李丽, 赵中华, 等.林木空间分布格局分析方法[J].生态学报, 2007, 27(11):4717-4728. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2007.11.040

    Hui G Y, Li L, Zhao Z H, et al. The comparison of methods in analysis of the trees patial distribution pattern[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(11):4717-4728. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2007.11.040
    [19] 李建, 彭鹏, 何怀江, 等.采伐对吉林蛟河针阔混交林空间结构的影响[J].北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9):48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220

    Li J, Peng P, He H J, et al. Effects of thinning intensity on spatial structure of multi-species temperate forest at Jiaohe in Jilin Province, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(9):48-57. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170220
    [20] 巫志龙, 周成军, 周新年, 等.杉阔混交人工林林分空间结构分析[J].林业科学研究, 2013, 26(5):609-615. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj201305012

    Wu Z L, Zhou C J, Zhou X N, et al. Analysis of stand spatial structure of Cunninghamia lanceolata-broadleaved mixed plantation[J].Forest Research, 2013, 26(5):609-615. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj201305012
    [21] 吕延杰, 杨华, 张青, 等.云冷杉天然林林分空间结构对胸径生长量的影响[J].北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(9):41-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184

    Lü Y J, Yang H, Zhang Q, et al. Effects of spatial structure on DBH increment of natural spruce-fir forest[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39 (9):41-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170184
    [22] 董灵波, 刘兆刚, 李凤日, 等.大兴安岭主要森林类型林分空间结构及最优树种组成[J].林业科学研究, 2014, 27(6):734-740. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj201406004

    Dong L B, Liu Z G, Li F R, et al. Quantitative analysis of forest spatial structure and optimal species composition for the main forest types in Daxing'anling, Northeast China[J].Forest Research, 2014, 27(6): 734-740. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj201406004
    [23] 李远发.林分空间结构参数二元分布的研究[D].北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2013. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-82201-1013378421.htm

    Li Y F.The bivariate distribution of forest stand spatial structural parameters[D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2013. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-82201-1013378421.htm
    [24] Li Y F, Hui G Y, Zhao Z H, et al. Spatial structural characteristics of three hardwood species in Korean pine broad-leaved forest:validating the bivariate distribution of structural parameters from the point of tree population[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2014, 314:17-25. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.11.012
    [25] Li Y F, Ye S M, Hui G Y, et al.Spatial structure of timber harvested according to structure-based forest management[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2014, 322:106-116. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.02.042
    [26] 陈婷婷, 徐辉, 杨青, 等.武夷山常绿阔叶林空间结构参数分布特征[J].生态学报, 2018, 38(5):1817-1825. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201805031

    Chen T T, Xu H, Yang Q, et al. Spatial distribution characteristics of an evergreen broad-leaved forest in the Wuyi Mountains, Fujian Province, southeastern China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2018, 38(5):1817-1825. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201805031
    [27] 张岗岗, 王得祥, 柴宗政, 等.小陇山2种典型天然林空间结构参数分布特征[J].林业科学研究, 2015, 28(4):531-537. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1498.2015.04.012

    Zhang G G, Wang D X, Chai Z Z, et al. Distribution characteristics of two typical natural forest spatial structure parameters in Xiaolongshan[J]. Forest Research, 2015, 28(4):531-537. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1498.2015.04.012
    [28] 张连金, 胡艳波, 赵中华, 等.北京九龙山侧柏人工林空间结构多样性[J].生态学杂志, 2015, 34(1):60-69. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201501009

    Zhang L J, Hu Y B, Zhao Z H, et al. Spatial structure diversity of Platycladus orientalis plantation in Beijing Jiulong Mountain[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(1):60-69. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201501009
    [29] 白超.空间结构参数及其在锐齿栎天然林结构动态分析中的应用[D].北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-82201-1016251420.htm

    Bai C. Spatial structure parameters and the application on studying structure dynamics of natural Quercus aliena var. acuteserrata forest[D].Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2016. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-82201-1016251420.htm
    [30] 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 赵中华.结构化森林经营研究进展[J].林业科学研究, 2018, 31(1):85-93. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj201801011

    Hui G Y, Hu Y B, Zhao Z H. Research progress of structure-based forest management[J]. Forest Research, 2018, 31(1):85-93. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj201801011
    [31] 惠刚盈, 胡艳波.混交林树种空间隔离程度表达方式的研究[J].林业科学研究, 2001, 14(1):23-27. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2001.01.004

    Hui G Y, Hu Y B. Measuring species spatial isolation in mixed forests[J].Forest Research, 2001, 14(1):23-27. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2001.01.004
    [32] 惠刚盈.角尺度:一个描述林木个体分布格局的结构参数[J].林业科学, 1999, 35(1):39-44. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj200406001

    Hui G Y. The neighbourhood pattern: a new structure parameter for describing distribution of forest tree position[J].Scientia Silvae Sinica, 1999, 35(1):39-44. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/lykxyj200406001
    [33] 惠刚盈, Von Gadow K, 胡艳波, 等.结构化森林经营[M].北京:中国林业出版社, 2007.

    Hui G Y, Von Gadow K, Hu Y B, et al. Structure-based forest management[M].Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2007.
  • 加载中
图(4) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  591
  • HTML全文浏览量:  197
  • PDF下载量:  37
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-02
  • 修回日期:  2018-09-10
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回