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海南岛次生低地雨林天然更新棕榈藤种群动态

彭超 刘广路 范少辉 漆良华 苏浩然 胡璇 徐瑞晶

彭超, 刘广路, 范少辉, 漆良华, 苏浩然, 胡璇, 徐瑞晶. 海南岛次生低地雨林天然更新棕榈藤种群动态[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(10): 86-94. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180213
引用本文: 彭超, 刘广路, 范少辉, 漆良华, 苏浩然, 胡璇, 徐瑞晶. 海南岛次生低地雨林天然更新棕榈藤种群动态[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(10): 86-94. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180213
Peng Chao, Liu Guanglu, Fan Shaohui, Qi Lianghua, Su Haoran, Hu Xuan, Xu Ruijing. Population dynamics of natural regeneration of rattan in secondary lowland rain forest in Hainan Island, southern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(10): 86-94. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180213
Citation: Peng Chao, Liu Guanglu, Fan Shaohui, Qi Lianghua, Su Haoran, Hu Xuan, Xu Ruijing. Population dynamics of natural regeneration of rattan in secondary lowland rain forest in Hainan Island, southern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(10): 86-94. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180213

海南岛次生低地雨林天然更新棕榈藤种群动态

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180213
基金项目: 

国际竹藤中心基本科研业务费重点专项 1632016014

国际竹藤中心基本科研业务费重点专项 1632016006

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目 2015BAD04B0203

国际竹藤中心基本科研业务费重点专项 1632015014

详细信息
    作者简介:

    彭超。主要研究方向:竹藤资源培育。Email:pengchao10.30@163.com  地址:410004湖南省长沙市天心区韶山南路658号湖南省林业科学院

    责任作者:

    范少辉,博士,研究员。主要研究方向:竹藤资源培育。Email:fansh@icbr.com  地址:100102北京市朝阳区望京阜通东大街8号国际竹藤中心竹藤资源与环境研究所

  • 中图分类号: S718.54

Population dynamics of natural regeneration of rattan in secondary lowland rain forest in Hainan Island, southern China

  • 摘要: 目的本文对海南岛甘什岭地区热带次生低地雨林棕榈藤的种群数量动态及波动周期进行分析,探究天然更新棕榈藤种群的生长动态规律,为棕榈藤资源保护和后期恢复提供参考。方法以海南岛甘什岭天然更新黄藤、杖藤、多果省藤和白藤种群为研究对象,采用空间代替时间,编制了棕榈藤种群生命表并进行动态分析;幂函数和指数函数对种群存活曲线拟合;3种生存函数预测藤种群生存概率;并通过谱分析来阐述藤种群的周期性波动规律。结果甘什岭天然更新棕榈藤种群以幼苗和幼藤为主,约占总样本的90.1%~97.7%,成年藤株数量少。白藤、杖藤间隔期死亡率和平均存活数随年龄增加逐渐减少,多果省藤和黄藤则为先增大后减小;白藤生命期望在2.5~4.5 m达到最大值,多果省藤、黄藤和杖藤则分布在4.5~6.5 m、6.5~8.5 m、8.5~10.5 m时最大。杖藤存活曲线趋于指数函数(Deevey-Ⅱ,R2=0.840,P=0.000 < 0.01),其余3种藤存活曲线趋于幂函数(Deevey-Ⅲ,R2>0.910,P=0.000 < 0.01)。4种棕榈藤生存率在幼苗期高,随生长呈逐渐降低趋势;除多果省藤外,死亡密度均呈锐减至相对稳定的下降趋势,早期危险率高于后期。谱分析表明,白藤波动振幅差异小,其余3种藤振幅差异大,其中杖藤和多果省藤在4.5~6.5 m时波动振幅最大,黄藤在2.5~4.5 m时波动振幅最大。结论甘什岭地区棕榈藤天然更新种群具有高繁殖和低存活率特点,反映出棕榈藤对该地区生境的适应策略,即通过高繁殖率弥补物种存活能力的不足,以提高物种保存几率。同时在攀援至林冠层过程的棕榈藤存活能力强,相对白藤,其余3种藤更易受外界环境影响。通过改善生境条件并结合人工培育壮苗措施提高更新苗存活率,有利于棕榈藤资源保护。

     

  • 图  1  4种棕榈藤存活曲线

    Figure  1.  Survival curves of four kinds of rattan population

    图  2  棕榈藤生存函数曲线

    Figure  2.  Survival function curves of rattan population

    表  1  甘什岭调查样地概况

    Table  1.   Basic status of sample plots in Ganshiling Region

    坡向
    Slope aspect
    海拔
    Altitude/m
    坡度
    Slope grade/(°)
    林分密度/(株·hm-2)
    Stand density/(plant·ha-1)
    凋落物厚
    Litter thickness/cm
    郁闭度
    Canopy density
    岩石裸露率
    Exposed bedrock/%
    冠层高度
    Canopy height/m
    半阳坡Semi-sunny slope 272~326 17~27 5 500~8 450 3.4~6.6 0.70~0.82 17~68 10.6~12.5
    阳坡Sunny slope 201~322 3~31 5 400~19 100 2.1~7.1 0.68~0.91 0~22 8.8~17.2
    半阴坡Semi-shady slope 219~335 5~30 1 200~12 500 2~7.5 0.63~0.90 0~75 8.4~12.2
    阴坡Shady slope 208~278 3~31 6 050~8 000 2.4~5.9 0.60~0.82 0~50 10.4~11.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  棕榈藤种群静态生命表

    Table  2.   Static life table of four kinds of rattan population

    种群
    Population
    参数
    Parameter
    龄级
    Age grade
    白藤Calamus tetradactylus p 342 14 4 1 1 2 2 1 1 1
    $\dot{p} $ 342 14 5 4 3 2 2 1 1 1
    li 1 000 41 15 12 9 6 6 3 3 3
    di 328 9 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
    qi 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0
    Li 178.0 9.5 4.5 3.5 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 1.0 1.0
    Ti 204.5 26.5 17.0 12.5 9.0 6.5 4.5 3.0 2.0 1.0
    ei 0.6 1.9 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.3 2.3 3.0 2.0 1.0
    Ki 3.2 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0
    多果省藤Calamus walkeri p 456 282 44 4 5 6 2 3 3 5
    $ \dot{p}$ 456 282 44 6 5 5 4 4 3 2
    li 1 000 618 96 13 11 11 9 9 7 4
    di 174 238 38 1 0 1 0 1 1
    qi 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3
    Li 369.0 163.0 25.0 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 2.0
    Ti 584.0 215.0 52.0 27.0 21.5 16.5 12.0 8.0 4.5 2.0
    ei 1.3 0.8 1.2 4.5 4.3 3.3 3.0 2.0 1.5 1.0
    Ki 0.5 1.9 2.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.4
    杖藤Calamus rhabdocladus p 864 83 12 2 2 0 3 2 0 2
    $ \dot{p}$ 864 83 13 9 6 4 3 3 2 1
    lx 1 000 96 15 10 7 5 3 3 2 1
    di 781 70 4 3 2 1 0 1 1
    qi 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.5
    Li 474.0 48.0 11.0 8.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 1.0
    Ti 556.5 83.0 35.0 24.0 16.5 11.5 8.0 5.0 2.5 1.0
    ei 0.6 1.0 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.7 1.7 1.3 1.0
    Ki 2.3 1.9 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.7
    黄藤Daemonorops jenkinsiana p 327 119 27 6 4 3 1 3 2 4
    $\dot{p}$ 327 119 27 6 4 4 3 3 2 2
    li 1 000 364 83 18 12 12 9 9 6 6
    di 208 92 21 2 0 1 0 1 0
    qi 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0
    Li 223.0 73.0 17.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 2.0
    Ti 334.6 111.7 38.6 22.0 17.0 13.0 9.5 6.5 4.0 2.0
    ei 1.0 0.9 1.4 3.7 4.3 3.3 3.2 2.2 2.0 1.0
    Ki 1.0 1.5 1.5 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  棕榈藤存活曲线模型

    Table  3.   Models of rattan survival curves

    藤种Rattan species 方程式
    Equation
    曲线类型
    Curve type
    R2 Radj2 F P
    白藤Calamus tetradactylus Nx=6.942x-0.802 Deevey-Ⅲ 0.962 0.957 200.077 0.000**
    多果省藤Calamus walkeri Nx=8.143x-0.688 Deevey-Ⅲ 0.920 0.910 92.504 0.000**
    杖藤Calamus rhabdocladus Nx=9.261e-0.319x Deevey-Ⅱ 0.840 0.820 42.128 0.000**
    黄藤Daemonorops jenkinsiana Nx=7.783x-0.638 Deevey-Ⅲ 0.957 0.951 175.910 0.000**
    注:Nx为存活率,x为龄级。Note:Nx is survival rate, x is denoted age grade.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  棕榈藤天然种群的周期性波动

    Table  4.   Periodic fluctuation of natural regeneration of rattan population

    藤种Rattan species A1 A2 A3 A4 A5
    白藤Calamus tetradactylus 1.168 1.435 1.131 1.223 1.362
    多果省藤Calamus walkeri 1.500 3.805 4.429 4.154 1.098
    杖藤Calamus rhabdocladus 1.829 3.538 3.906 2.161 2.662
    黄藤Daemonorops jenkinsiana 1.343 3.118 0.692 0.208 0.686
    注:A1~A5表示种群波动周期振幅,1~5表示波谱周期。Note: A1-A5 are denoted amplitudes of wave cycle of population, 1-5 are represented wave cycles.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-02
  • 修回日期:  2018-08-13
  • 刊出日期:  2018-10-01

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