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文冠果不同种源叶片结构对水分胁迫的差异性响应

于海燕 胡潇予 何春霞 崔艺凡 范思琪 毕泉鑫 王利兵

于海燕, 胡潇予, 何春霞, 崔艺凡, 范思琪, 毕泉鑫, 王利兵. 文冠果不同种源叶片结构对水分胁迫的差异性响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 57-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180312
引用本文: 于海燕, 胡潇予, 何春霞, 崔艺凡, 范思琪, 毕泉鑫, 王利兵. 文冠果不同种源叶片结构对水分胁迫的差异性响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(1): 57-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180312
Yu Haiyan, Hu Xiaoyu, He Chunxia, Cui Yifan, Fan Siqi, Bi Quanxin, Wang Libing. Differential response of water stress on leaf morphological anatomical structures of varied provenances Xanthocera sorbifolium[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 57-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180312
Citation: Yu Haiyan, Hu Xiaoyu, He Chunxia, Cui Yifan, Fan Siqi, Bi Quanxin, Wang Libing. Differential response of water stress on leaf morphological anatomical structures of varied provenances Xanthocera sorbifolium[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(1): 57-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180312

文冠果不同种源叶片结构对水分胁迫的差异性响应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20180312
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31870594

“948”国家林业局引进项目 2014-4-56

详细信息
    作者简介:

    于海燕,博士。主要研究方向:木本油料抗旱生理生态。Email: yuhaiyan@caf.ac.cn 地址:100091北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号中国林业科学研究院林业研究所

    责任作者:

    王利兵,博士,副研究员。主要研究方向:木本油料种质创新。Email: wlibing@163.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.43

Differential response of water stress on leaf morphological anatomical structures of varied provenances Xanthocera sorbifolium

  • 摘要: 目的探究不同种源文冠果叶片解剖结构对水分胁迫的响应,了解其耐旱性差异,为节水耐旱型文冠果种源的筛选以及培育提供理论依据。方法以集中分布在华北地区的3个不同种源文冠果幼苗为研究对象,通过盆栽控水方法设置充足水分W1、正常供水W2、轻度干旱W3和重度干旱W4共4个水分梯度,采用石蜡切片技术,研究文冠果叶片解剖结构对水分胁迫的响应。结果随着干旱程度的加剧,3个种源均存在着不同程度的旱生结构;与河南种源相比,山西和河北种源上下表皮、角质层以及叶片结构紧密度(重度干旱)的响应能力更强,不同的是山西种源以较厚的叶肉组织,而河北种源以较发达的维管系统和较高的栅海比来响应干旱胁迫。结论不同种源文冠果的叶片解剖结构对水分胁迫的响应具有明显的差异性,其中山西和河北种源文冠果属于节水耐旱型文冠果种源。

     

  • 图  1  不同种源文冠果叶片在不同水分胁迫处理下的表型

    W1.充足水分;W2.正常供水;W3.轻度干旱;W4.重度干旱。下同。

    Figure  1.  Phenotype of yellow horn leaf from different provenances under varied water stress treatments

    W1, sufficient water; W2, normal water supply; W3, mild drought; W4, severe drought. The same below.

    图  2  不同种源文冠果叶片在不同水分胁迫处理下的叶片解剖结构

    Figure  2.  Leaf anatomical structure of yellow horn leaf from different provenances under varied water stress treatments

    图  3  不同种源文冠果叶片及其表皮厚度随水分胁迫的变化

    Figure  3.  Changes in leaf and cuticular thickness of yellow horn from different provenances under different water stress treatments

    图  4  不同种源文冠果叶肉结构特征随水分胁迫的变化

    Figure  4.  Changes in mesophyll structure of yellow horn from different provenances under different water stress treatments

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  • 收稿日期:  2018-09-29
  • 修回日期:  2018-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-01

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