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结构化森林经营对东北阔叶红松林森林质量的影响

陈明辉 惠刚盈 胡艳波 张弓乔 张岗岗 刘瑞红 杨瑷铭 赵中华 王海宾

陈明辉, 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 张弓乔, 张岗岗, 刘瑞红, 杨瑷铭, 赵中华, 王海宾. 结构化森林经营对东北阔叶红松林森林质量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(5): 19-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190032
引用本文: 陈明辉, 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 张弓乔, 张岗岗, 刘瑞红, 杨瑷铭, 赵中华, 王海宾. 结构化森林经营对东北阔叶红松林森林质量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(5): 19-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190032
Chen Minghui, Hui Gangying, Hu Yanbo, Zhang Gongqiao, Zhang Ganggang, Liu Ruihong, Yang Aiming, Zhao Zhonghua, Wang Haibin. Impacts of structure-based forest management on forest quality of broadleaved Korean pine forests in northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(5): 19-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190032
Citation: Chen Minghui, Hui Gangying, Hu Yanbo, Zhang Gongqiao, Zhang Ganggang, Liu Ruihong, Yang Aiming, Zhao Zhonghua, Wang Haibin. Impacts of structure-based forest management on forest quality of broadleaved Korean pine forests in northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(5): 19-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190032

结构化森林经营对东北阔叶红松林森林质量的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190032
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划“基于结构化经营的定向恢复与重建技术”(2017YFC050400501)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈明辉,博士生。主要研究方向:森林经营理论与技术。Email:mh910@126.com 地址:100091 北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号中国林业科学研究院林业研究所

    责任作者:

    胡艳波,副研究员。主要研究方向:森林经营。Email:hyanbo@caf.ac.cn 地址:同上

Impacts of structure-based forest management on forest quality of broadleaved Korean pine forests in northeastern China

  • 摘要: 目的通过分析结构化森林经营对东北阔叶红松林森林质量形成的中长期影响,探索森林经营对林分质量提升的响应机理。方法在吉林蛟河林业试验区设置6块面积为100 m × 100 m的样地,其中,目标样地1块、经营样地4块和对照样地1块。经营样地采用结构化经营方法,长期观测记录样地数据,借助Excel Pivot Tables、R 3.4.3、Origin 2015、Winkelmass等软件进行系统对比分析,研究结构化森林经营对林分生产力、林分密度、林分结构以及林分综合状态的影响。结果实施结构化森林经营,使经营林分年均蓄积生长量(均值)较对照林分提高17.28%,生长率提高17.60%;林分断面积年均增量(均值)提高42.86%,生长率提高47.37%;林木枯损率降低57.22%,显著提高了林分生产力。且实施结构化森林经营使主要针叶树种优势度保持较高水平,林分水平格局为随机分布,是理想的天然林格局。林分中高混交且随机分布的最佳微结构体始终保持较高比例,而低混交且非随机分布的劣势结构体比例很低并有下降趋势;经营使林分的综合状态迅速获得优化,林分状态维持稳定,但是经营效果的保持还需要持续定期的后续经营。结论结构化森林经营能够精准提升东北阔叶红松林的森林质量,既能提高林分生产力又能优化林分空间结构。

     

  • 图  1  空间结构参数示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of W, M and U

    图  2  林分状态特征差异参数

    Figure  2.  Variation parameters of stand state characteristics

    图  3  林分密度变化情况

    Figure  3.  Stand density change

    图  4  各样地林分平均直径变化情况

    Figure  4.  Mean diameter change of stand in each sample plot

    图  5  林分蓄积量变化情况

    Figure  5.  Stand volume change

    图  6  树种优势度

    Figure  6.  Dominance of tree species

    图  7  林分直径分布变化

    Figure  7.  Stand diameter distribution change

    图  8  林分空间结构变化

    Figure  8.  Spatial structure variations of stand

    图  9  针叶树种最佳结构体

    Figure  9.  Best structures in coniferous species

    图  10  林分的状态特征差异程度

    Figure  10.  Variations of stand state characteristics

    表  1  林木直径分布相关参数

    Table  1.   Relative parameters of stand diameter distribution

    林分
    Stand
    偏度 Skewness 峰值 Kurtosis
    经营前
    Before tending
    经营后
    After tending
    1期
    Stage 1
    2期
    Stage 2
    经营前
    Before tending
    经营后
    After tending
    1期
    Stage 1
    2期
    Stage 2
    目标林分
    Target stand
    1.94 1.88 1.74 7.84 7.46 6.68
    对照林分
    Control
    1.22 1.22 1.26 4.22 4.27 4.36
    经营林分A
    Managed stand A
    1.34 1.28 1.25 1.20 5.02 4.73 4.76 4.51
    经营林分B
    Managed stand B
    1.32 1.28 1.36 1.34 4.88 4.66 4.89 4.82
    经营林分C
    Managed stand C
    1.97 1.89 1.78 1.69 7.44 7.22 6.77 6.18
    经营林分D
    Managed stand D
    1.89 1.40 1.40 1.42 7.22 5.59 5.43 5.37
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-01-15
  • 修回日期:  2019-03-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-04-30
  • 刊出日期:  2019-05-01

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