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森林质量评价及精准提升理论与技术研究

张会儒 雷相东 张春雨 赵秀海 胡雪凡

张会儒, 雷相东, 张春雨, 赵秀海, 胡雪凡. 森林质量评价及精准提升理论与技术研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(5): 1-18. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190219
引用本文: 张会儒, 雷相东, 张春雨, 赵秀海, 胡雪凡. 森林质量评价及精准提升理论与技术研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2019, 41(5): 1-18. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190219
Zhang Huiru, Lei Xiangdong, Zhang Chunyu, Zhao Xiuhai, Hu Xuefan. Research on theory and technology of forest quality evaluation and precision improvement[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(5): 1-18. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190219
Citation: Zhang Huiru, Lei Xiangdong, Zhang Chunyu, Zhao Xiuhai, Hu Xuefan. Research on theory and technology of forest quality evaluation and precision improvement[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2019, 41(5): 1-18. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190219

森林质量评价及精准提升理论与技术研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20190219
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0504100、2017YFC0504000)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张会儒,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林可持续经营。Email:huiru@ifrit.ac.cn 地址:100091北京市海淀区香山路中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所

    责任作者:

    赵秀海,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态系统管理。Email:zhaoxh@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院

  • 中图分类号: S753.7

Research on theory and technology of forest quality evaluation and precision improvement

  • 摘要: 在当前大力推进生态文明建设的背景下,森林质量提升已经成为一个重要的主题,并将是今后相当长一个时期内林业的目标和任务。森林经营是实现森林质量提升的根本途径,当前迫切需要明确实现精准提升森林质量的理论基础和技术体系。森林质量的评价指标有哪些?如何基于生态学理论和经营理论来提升森林质量?本文采用文献分析方法,对国内外森林质量评价指标进行了综述,从森林干扰理论、演替理论、主导生态因子作用、生态位原理、生物多样性原理和边缘效应原理等方面总结分析了质量提升的生态学和林学基础。认为森林质量评价指标存在层次性和目标相关性,核心是森林生态系统本身的属性,提出了评价指标体系框架。构建了森林质量精准提升技术体系,包括立地评价和适地适树、森林生长收获预测、森林经营规划等7个方面,为我国的森林质量精准提升工作提供依据。

     

  • 表  1  森林质量评价指标建议框架

    Table  1.   Recommended framework for forest quality evaluation indicators

    层次 Level    标准 Standard  核心指标 Core indicator其他指标 Other indicator
    区域以上
    Above region
    生产力
    Productivity
    单位面积蓄积量(生物量)、年单位面积生长量
    Average volume (biomass) and average increment
    生态服务指标
    Ecological service indicator
    结构
    Structure
    混交林比例、保护区比例、多功能林比例、龄组结构
    Proportion of mixed forest, conserve area and multipurpose forest; age group distribution
    健康
    Health
    有害干扰的森林面积和比例
    Unhealthy forest area and proportion
    森林经营单位/景观
    Forest management unit group/landscape
    生产力
    Productivity
    单位面积蓄积量(生物量)、年单位面积生长量
    Average volume (biomass) and average increment
    结构
    Structure
    混交林比例、保护林比例、多功能林比例、龄组结构、大径木和珍贵材的比例
    Proportion of mixed forest, conserve area and multipurpose forest;age group distribution; proportion of large diameter trees and valuable trees
    健康
    Health
    有害干扰的森林面积和比例
    Unhealthy forest area and proportion
    多样性
    Diversity
    森林类型和物种多样性、景观破损程度和斑块连接性
    Forest types and species diversity, landscape damage extent and patch connectivity
    林分
    Stand
    生产力
    Productivity
    单位面积蓄积量(生物量)、年单位面积生长量、土壤肥力
    Average volume (biomass) and average increment, soil fertility
    结构
    Structure
    树种结构、大小和垂直结构、年龄结构
    Tree species composition, size and vertical structure, age group distribution
    健康
    Health
    受害木的比例、枯死木的比例
    Proportion of unhealthy and dead trees
    多样性
    Diversity
    物种多样性、生境树的数量
    Species diversity and amount of habitat trees
    更新
    Regeneration
    天然更新的数量
    Amount of natural regeneration
    下载: 导出CSV
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