高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

中国珍稀荒漠植物梭梭在半干旱沙地引种适应性

王德英 丁国栋 赵媛媛 高广磊 于明含 李蒙蒙

王德英, 丁国栋, 赵媛媛, 高广磊, 于明含, 李蒙蒙. 中国珍稀荒漠植物梭梭在半干旱沙地引种适应性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(4): 74-81. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140253
引用本文: 王德英, 丁国栋, 赵媛媛, 高广磊, 于明含, 李蒙蒙. 中国珍稀荒漠植物梭梭在半干旱沙地引种适应性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(4): 74-81. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140253
WANG De-ying, DING Guo-dong, ZHAO Yuan-yuan, GAO Guang-lei, YU Ming-han, LI Meng-meng. On suitability for introduction of Chinese rare desert plant Haloxylon ammodendron in semi-arid sandy regions of northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(4): 74-81. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140253
Citation: WANG De-ying, DING Guo-dong, ZHAO Yuan-yuan, GAO Guang-lei, YU Ming-han, LI Meng-meng. On suitability for introduction of Chinese rare desert plant Haloxylon ammodendron in semi-arid sandy regions of northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(4): 74-81. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140253

中国珍稀荒漠植物梭梭在半干旱沙地引种适应性

doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140253
基金项目: 

“973”国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2013CB429906)、林业公益性行业科研专项(201304325)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    第一作者: 王德英。主要研究方向:沙区植被恢复。Email: wwddyy2010@126.com 地址:100083北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。责任作者: 丁国栋,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:风沙物理学、沙区植被恢复、沙区水量平衡。Email: dch1999@263.net 地址:同上。

    第一作者: 王德英。主要研究方向:沙区植被恢复。Email: wwddyy2010@126.com 地址:100083北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。责任作者: 丁国栋,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:风沙物理学、沙区植被恢复、沙区水量平衡。Email: dch1999@263.net 地址:同上。

On suitability for introduction of Chinese rare desert plant Haloxylon ammodendron in semi-arid sandy regions of northwestern China

  • 摘要: 应用主成分分析法和模糊相似优先比聚类分析法,分析影响梭梭引种的主要气候因子,划分梭梭的适宜引种区,为梭梭的引种驯化提供理论依据和技术支持。研究结果表明:1) 温度、气压、风和水分是影响梭梭引种的主要气候因子,可代表92.16 %的原始数据信息量;2) 最适于梭梭引种的气候因子范围为海拔265.00~1349.30m、经度106°42′~120°54′E、纬度37°37′~44°34′N、年均降水量142.50~341.92mm、极端最低气温-11.57~-9.25℃、极端最高气温28.26~29.39℃、平均气压86.585~98.335kPa、平均地面温度8.67~11.83℃、平均风速1.58~2.50m/s、平均气温7.06~9.16℃、平均水汽压668~771Pa、平均相对湿度47.58%~54.33 %、日照时数2226.58~2491.58h、年均蒸发量1509.50~1650.50mm; 3) 宁夏陶乐、盐池,陕西榆林、靖边、神木以及内蒙古扎鲁特与新疆甘家湖国家级自然保护区气候条件较为相似,梭梭引种适宜性较好。

     

  • [1] HUANG Z Y, ZHANG X S,GUTTERMAN Y, et al. Influence of light,temperature and salinity on the seed germination of Haloxylon ammodendron[J]. Plant Physiology Journal, 2001, 27(3): 275-280.
    [1] KANG J, DUAN J, WANG S, et al. Na compound fertilizer promotes growth and enhances drought resistance of the succulent xerophyte Haloxylon ammodendron[J]. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 2013, 59(2): 289-299.
    [2] ZHANG J B, WANG B F, HAO Y G, et al. Geographical distribution , suitable environment and provenance variation of Haloxylon ammodendron ( C. A. M ) Bge in China [J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment , 2010, 24(5): 166-171.
    [2] 黄振英,张新时, GUTTERMAN Y,等.光照、温度和盐分对梭梭种子萌发的影响[J].植物生理学报,2001,27(3):275-280.
    [3] SHI Z, SHI S Q, ZHANG Z X, et al. Effects of drought and excess salt stress on characteristics of chlorophyll fluorescence of leaves in Haloxylon ammodendron[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2012, 34(3): 20-25.
    [3] 张景波,王葆芳,郝玉光,等.我国梭梭林地理分布和适应环境及种源变异[J].干旱区资源与环境,2010,24(5):166-171.
    [4] MA H, ZHANG H, MA L. None-watering and tube-protecting planting technique for Haloxylon ammodendron under desert and its extension [J]. Scientia Sinica Vitae, 2014, 44(3): 248-256.
    [4] 施征,史胜青,张志翔,等.干旱与高盐对梭梭叶绿素荧光特性的影响[J].北京林业大学学报,2012,34(3):20-25.
    [5] 麻浩,张桦,马林,等.无灌溉管件防护梭梭荒漠造林新技术及其示范推广[J].中国科学:生命科学,2014,44(3):248-256.
    [5] CHEN Y C, LI M, WU M Z, et al. Structure and composition of roots in two species of Haloxylon Bunge [J]. Plant Physiology Journal, 2013, 49 (11): 1273-1276.
    [6] 陈虞超,李苗,吴明朝,等.梭梭属两种植物的根结构和成分[J].植物生理学报,2013,49(11):1273-1276.
    [6] WU J G, LÜ J J, ZHOU Q F. Potential effects of climate change on the distribution of six desert plants in China [J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2010, 45 (6): 723-738.
    [7] 吴建国,吕佳佳,周巧富.气候变化对6种荒漠植物分布的潜在影响[J].植物学报,2010,45(6):723-738.
    [7] LIU B, LIU T, LI L, et al. Cause of large-scale Haloxylon ammodendron degeneration in west Grurbantonggut Desert[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2010, 29(4): 637-642.
    [8] LIU G J, ZHANG X M, LÜ C Y, et al. Seedling growth dynamic of Haloxylon ammodendron under different water supply[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2012, 32(2): 388-394.
    [8] 刘斌,刘彤,李磊,等.古尔班通古特沙漠西部梭梭大面积退化原因[J].生态学杂志,2010,29(4):637-642.
    [9] KANG J J, WANG S M, YANG Z H. Effects of separate and mutual application of Na and Si on drought resistance of Haloxylon ammodendron[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2012, 32(3): 793-800.
    [9] LIU J L, WANG Y G, YANG X H, et al. Genetic variation in seed and seedling traits of six Haloxylon ammodendron shrub provenances in desert areas of China [J]. Agroforestry Systems, 2011, 81 (2): 135-146.
    [10] WANG D,ZHAO G P. Study on surface sterilization method for tissue culture of Haloxylon ammodendron seeds [J]. Agricultural Biotechnology, 2012, 1(3): 26-28.
    [10] TIAN Y, TASHPOLAT·TIYIP, LI Y, et al. The survival and above/below ground growth of Haloxylon ammodendron seedling [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(8): 6-8.
    [11] YU X L, REN X S.Multivariate statistical analyses[M]. Beijing:China Statistic Press, 1999: 61-78.
    [11] 刘国军,张希明,吕朝燕,等.不同供水条件下梭梭幼苗生长动态的研究[J].中国沙漠,2012,32(2):388-394.
    [12] ZHANG Q Y, CHEN J Y, WEI S Q, et al. Analysis of the planting adaptive areas and introduction for Prunus mume -‘Yanxing’.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2007, 29(1): 155-159.
    [12] 康建军,王锁民,杨自辉.钠、硅及钠硅互作提高梭梭抗旱性的研究[J].中国沙漠,2012,32(3):793-800.
    [13] 田媛,塔西甫拉提·特依拜,李彦,等.梭梭幼苗的存活与地上地下生长关系研究[J].生态学报,2014,34(8):6-8.
    [13] YANG H X,LU Z Y. Numerical classification methods in plant ecology[M].Beijing: Science Press,1981: 232-252.
    [14] 于秀林,任雪松.多元统计分析[M].北京:中国统计出版社,1999:61-78.
    [14] XU H, LI Y.Water use strategies and corresponding leaf physiological performance of three desert shrubs [J]. Acta Bot Boreal-Occident Sin,2005,25(7): 1309-1316.
    [15] 张秦英,陈俊愉,魏淑秋,等.‘燕杏’梅栽培适生地和引种试验初步分析[J].北京林业大学学报,2007,29(1):155-159.
    [15] MA Q L, WANG J H, ZHU S J. Effects of precipitation , soil water content and soil crust on artificial Haloxylon ammodendron forest[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(12): 5057-5067.
    [16] 阳含熙,卢泽愚.植物生态学的数量分类方法[M].北京:科学出版社,1981:232-252.
    [16] JIA Z Q, LU Q, GUO B G, et al.Progress in the study of psammophyte-Haloxylon[J]. Forest Research, 2004, 17(1): 125-132.
    [17] MA Q L, WANG J H, ZHAO M, et al. Research on restoration technology of degenerated artificial Haloxylon ammodendron forest[J]. Forest Research, 2006,19(2):151-157.
    [17] ZHENG C, WANG Q. Water-use response to climate factors at whole tree and branch scale for a dominant desert species in central Asia: Haloxylon ammodendron[J]. Ecohydrology, 2014, 7 (1): 56-63.
    [18] ZOU T, LI Y, XU H, et al. Responses to precipitation treatment for Haloxylon ammodendron growing on contrasting textured soils [J]. Ecological Research, 2010, 25 (1): 185-194.
    [18] GAO Z H.Overview of introduction in Minqin Desert Botanical Garden[J]. Journal of Desert Reserach, 1991, 11(2): 49-57.
    [19] WANG Y, YIN L K. The primary compare on the chracteristics of seeds of Haloxylon from different regions.[J]. Arid Zone Research, 1989(1): 45-49.
    [19] 许皓,李彦.3种荒漠灌木的用水策略及相关的叶片生理表现[J].西北植物学报,2005,25(7):1309-1316.
    [20] YUAN J Z. The study of two eco-environment similarity computation methods[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 1987, 6(6): 55-56.
    [20] 马全林,王继和,朱淑娟.降水、土壤水分和结皮对人工梭梭(Haloxylon ammodendron)林的影响[J].生态学报,2007,27(12):5057-5067.
    [21] GUO Q S, GUO Z H, YAN H, et al. Study on potential distribution of Haloxylon plants dominated desert vegetation in China[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(4): 848-853.
    [21] 贾志清,卢琦,郭保贵,等.沙生植物-梭梭研究进展[J].林业科学研究,2004,17(1):125-132.
    [22] 马全林,王继和,赵明,等.退化人工梭梭林的恢复技术研究[J].林业科学研究,2006,19(2):151-157.
    [22] GUO Q S, WANG C L, GUO Z H,et al. Geographic distribution of existing Haloxylon desert vegetation and its patch character in China[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2005, 41(5): 2-7.
    [23] 高志海. 民勤沙生植物园引种工作概况[J].中国沙漠,1991,11(2):49-57.
    [24] 王烨,尹林克.梭梭属不同种源种子品质初评[J].干旱区研究,1989(1):45-49.
    [25] 袁嘉祖.两个生态环境相似性计算方法的探讨[J].生态学杂志,1987,6(6):55-56.
    [26] 郭泉水,郭志华,阎洪,等.我国以梭梭属植物为优势的潜在荒漠植被分布[J].生态学报,2005,25(4):848-853.
    [27] 郭泉水,王春玲,郭志华,等.我国现存梭梭荒漠植被地理分布及其斑块特征[J].林业科学,2005,41(5):2-7.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1101
  • HTML全文浏览量:  90
  • PDF下载量:  24
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-07-23
  • 修回日期:  2014-10-29
  • 刊出日期:  2015-04-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回