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小兴安岭天然白桦林生态系统碳储量

张毅 牟长城 郑曈 李娜娜

张毅, 牟长城, 郑曈, 李娜娜. 小兴安岭天然白桦林生态系统碳储量[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(4): 38-47. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140449
引用本文: 张毅, 牟长城, 郑曈, 李娜娜. 小兴安岭天然白桦林生态系统碳储量[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(4): 38-47. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140449
ZHANG Yi, MU Chang-cheng, ZHENG Tong, LI Na-na. Ecosystem carbon storage of natural secondary birch forests in Xiaoxing’an Mountains of China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(4): 38-47. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140449
Citation: ZHANG Yi, MU Chang-cheng, ZHENG Tong, LI Na-na. Ecosystem carbon storage of natural secondary birch forests in Xiaoxing’an Mountains of China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(4): 38-47. doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140449

小兴安岭天然白桦林生态系统碳储量

doi: DOI:10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140449
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD21B02)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    第一作者: 张毅。主要研究方向:森林生态学。 Email :woshi1113@aliyun.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学生态研究中心。责任作者: 牟长城,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态学、湿地生态学。Email: muccjs@163.com 地址:同上。

    第一作者: 张毅。主要研究方向:森林生态学。 Email :woshi1113@aliyun.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学生态研究中心。责任作者: 牟长城,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态学、湿地生态学。Email: muccjs@163.com 地址:同上。

Ecosystem carbon storage of natural secondary birch forests in Xiaoxing’an Mountains of China

  • 摘要: 采用相对生长方程与碳/氮分析测定法,测定小兴安岭天然白桦林在7个立地类型(阳坡上、中、下部和阴坡上、中、下部及谷地)的生态系统碳储量(植被和土壤)、净初级生产力与年净固碳量,揭示立地类型对白桦林碳汇功能的影响规律。结果表明:1)小兴安岭白桦林植被碳储量((49.39±3.09)~(89.20±10.17)t/hm2)在谷地、阳坡下部和阴坡上、中部4个立地类型显著高于阳坡上、中部及阴坡下部3个立地类型(38.2%~80.6%,P<0.05)。2)其土壤有机碳储量((147.30±21.39)~(273.67±22.67)t/hm2)在阴坡上、中部和谷地最高,显著高于阳坡上、中部和阴坡下部(27.9%~85.8%,P<0.05),阳坡下部居中,仅显著高于阴坡下部(53.3%,P<0.05),阳坡上、中部和阴坡下部相对较低。3)其生态系统碳储量((207.88±16.07)~(357.85±20.80)t/hm2)在谷地、阳坡下部和阴坡上、中部4个立地类型显著高于阳坡上、中部和阴坡下部3个立地类型(33.2%~72.1%,P<0.05)。4)其植被净初级生产力((5.80±0.26)~(8.87±1.17 )t/(hm2·a))在阳坡下部和阴坡上、中部3个立地类型相对较高,显著高于阴坡下部(31.2%~52.9%,P<0.05),阳坡上、中部与谷地3个立地类型居中,高于阴坡下部(15.5%~26.4%,P>0.05),阴坡下部最低。5)其年净固碳量((2.76±0.10)~(4.15±0.32)t/(hm2·a))在阳坡下部和阴坡上、中部3个立地类型相对较高,显著高于阴坡下部(27.9%~50.4%,P<0.05),阳坡上、中部与谷地3个立地类型居中,高于阴坡下部(12.3%~23.9%,P>0.05),阴坡下部最低。因其植被年净固碳量低于我国陆地植被平均固碳量(15.3%~43.7%),故小兴安岭天然白桦林属于碳汇功能相对较低的森林类型。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-12-11
  • 修回日期:  2015-02-23
  • 刊出日期:  2015-04-30

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