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若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应

张艺 王春梅 许可 韩金锋 杨欣桐 林嘉莉

张艺, 王春梅, 许可, 韩金锋, 杨欣桐, 林嘉莉. 若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
引用本文: 张艺, 王春梅, 许可, 韩金锋, 杨欣桐, 林嘉莉. 若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
ZHANG Yi, WANG Chun-mei, XU Ke, HAN Jin-feng, YANG Xin-tong, LIN Jia-li. Short-term effect of increasing nitrogen deposition on greenhouse gas emissions in Zoige wetland, western China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
Citation: ZHANG Yi, WANG Chun-mei, XU Ke, HAN Jin-feng, YANG Xin-tong, LIN Jia-li. Short-term effect of increasing nitrogen deposition on greenhouse gas emissions in Zoige wetland, western China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048

若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(41373069)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2016JX02)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张艺。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:zhangyijianchi@163.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学环境科学与工程学院。责任作者:王春梅,副教授。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:sdwcm@126.com地址:同上。

    张艺。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:zhangyijianchi@163.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学环境科学与工程学院。责任作者:王春梅,副教授。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:sdwcm@126.com地址:同上。

Short-term effect of increasing nitrogen deposition on greenhouse gas emissions in Zoige wetland, western China.

  • 摘要: 为研究若尔盖高寒泥炭湿地温室气体(CO2、CH4、N2O)对氮沉降初期的响应,本研究以若尔盖高寒泥炭湿地为研究对象,设置了对照(0 kg/(hm2a),CK)、低氮(10 kg/(hm2a),LN)、中氮(20 kg/(hm2a),MN)及高氮(80 kg/(hm2a),HN)4个施氮水平,在生长季(59月)每月原位施加NH4NO3进行氮沉降模拟,利用静态箱-气相色谱法观测了温室气体(CO2、CH4、N2O)的排放通量。结果表明:CO2、CH4和N2O在高氮处理下的平均排放通量为(224.96113.875)、(0.1140.002)和(0.0590.003) mg/(m2h),在中氮处理中的平均排放通量分别为(303.80111.397)、(0.1110.002)和(0.0470.004) mg/(m2h),低氮处理中的排放通量均值分别为(212.7315.847)、(0.0830.004)和(0.0320.002) mg/(m2h),均显著高出对照处理相应气体的平均排放通量(P0.05)。不同施氮水平下的CO2、CH4和N2O的生长季累积排放均显著高出对照处理(P0.05)。不同水平氮添加下的温室气体排放增量与土壤NO-3-N含量增量呈显著正相关(P0.05),CO2、CH4排放增量与生物量增量呈显著正相关(P0.05),但温室气体排放增量与土壤温湿度的增量均无显著相关性。此外,氮添加显著增加了湿地温室气体全球增温潜势(P0.05)。研究表明,短期氮添加通过影响土壤有效氮含量和生物量,促进了泥炭湿地土壤的温室气体排放。该研究结果为预测泥炭湿地区域氮沉降可能带来的温室效应和合理保护高寒湿地生态系统提供了重要科学依据。
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-02-18
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-31

若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
    基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41373069)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2016JX02)。

    作者简介:

    张艺。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:zhangyijianchi@163.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学环境科学与工程学院。责任作者:王春梅,副教授。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:sdwcm@126.com地址:同上。

    张艺。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:zhangyijianchi@163.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学环境科学与工程学院。责任作者:王春梅,副教授。主要研究方向:全球气候变化及生物地球化学循环。Email:sdwcm@126.com地址:同上。

摘要: 为研究若尔盖高寒泥炭湿地温室气体(CO2、CH4、N2O)对氮沉降初期的响应,本研究以若尔盖高寒泥炭湿地为研究对象,设置了对照(0 kg/(hm2a),CK)、低氮(10 kg/(hm2a),LN)、中氮(20 kg/(hm2a),MN)及高氮(80 kg/(hm2a),HN)4个施氮水平,在生长季(59月)每月原位施加NH4NO3进行氮沉降模拟,利用静态箱-气相色谱法观测了温室气体(CO2、CH4、N2O)的排放通量。结果表明:CO2、CH4和N2O在高氮处理下的平均排放通量为(224.96113.875)、(0.1140.002)和(0.0590.003) mg/(m2h),在中氮处理中的平均排放通量分别为(303.80111.397)、(0.1110.002)和(0.0470.004) mg/(m2h),低氮处理中的排放通量均值分别为(212.7315.847)、(0.0830.004)和(0.0320.002) mg/(m2h),均显著高出对照处理相应气体的平均排放通量(P0.05)。不同施氮水平下的CO2、CH4和N2O的生长季累积排放均显著高出对照处理(P0.05)。不同水平氮添加下的温室气体排放增量与土壤NO-3-N含量增量呈显著正相关(P0.05),CO2、CH4排放增量与生物量增量呈显著正相关(P0.05),但温室气体排放增量与土壤温湿度的增量均无显著相关性。此外,氮添加显著增加了湿地温室气体全球增温潜势(P0.05)。研究表明,短期氮添加通过影响土壤有效氮含量和生物量,促进了泥炭湿地土壤的温室气体排放。该研究结果为预测泥炭湿地区域氮沉降可能带来的温室效应和合理保护高寒湿地生态系统提供了重要科学依据。

English Abstract

张艺, 王春梅, 许可, 韩金锋, 杨欣桐, 林嘉莉. 若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
引用本文: 张艺, 王春梅, 许可, 韩金锋, 杨欣桐, 林嘉莉. 若尔盖湿地土壤温室气体排放对模拟氮沉降增加的初期响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
ZHANG Yi, WANG Chun-mei, XU Ke, HAN Jin-feng, YANG Xin-tong, LIN Jia-li. Short-term effect of increasing nitrogen deposition on greenhouse gas emissions in Zoige wetland, western China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
Citation: ZHANG Yi, WANG Chun-mei, XU Ke, HAN Jin-feng, YANG Xin-tong, LIN Jia-li. Short-term effect of increasing nitrogen deposition on greenhouse gas emissions in Zoige wetland, western China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(8): 54-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160048
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