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陕北黄土区不同微地形土壤水分变化趋势分析

申明爽 朱清科 王瑜 梅雪梅 苟清平 刘昱言

申明爽, 朱清科, 王瑜, 梅雪梅, 苟清平, 刘昱言. 陕北黄土区不同微地形土壤水分变化趋势分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(3): 84-92. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170337
引用本文: 申明爽, 朱清科, 王瑜, 梅雪梅, 苟清平, 刘昱言. 陕北黄土区不同微地形土壤水分变化趋势分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2018, 40(3): 84-92. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170337
Shen Mingshuang, Zhu Qingke, Wang Yu, Mei Xuemei, Gou Qingping, Liu Yuyan. Dynamic changing trend of soil moisture in different micro-topography in loess region of northern Shaanxi Province of northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(3): 84-92. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170337
Citation: Shen Mingshuang, Zhu Qingke, Wang Yu, Mei Xuemei, Gou Qingping, Liu Yuyan. Dynamic changing trend of soil moisture in different micro-topography in loess region of northern Shaanxi Province of northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2018, 40(3): 84-92. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170337

陕北黄土区不同微地形土壤水分变化趋势分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20170337
基金项目: 

“十三五”国家科技支撑计划课题 2015BAD07B02

详细信息
    作者简介:

    申明爽。主要研究方向:林业生态工程。Email:18625606972@163.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院

    通讯作者:

    朱清科,博士生导师。主要研究方向:林业生态工程。Email:zhuqingke@sohu.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S714.7

Dynamic changing trend of soil moisture in different micro-topography in loess region of northern Shaanxi Province of northwestern China

  • 摘要: 目的我国黄土高原地区干旱少雨、蒸发性强,降雨成为当地土壤水分的主要来源,而黄土坡面微地形对降水进行二次分配,因此研究不同立地类型的微地形土壤水分的动态变化趋势,可以为困难立地类型的微地形的植被生长和恢复提供参考依据。方法本文选择缓台、塌陷、陡坎、切沟和浅沟5种微地形的土壤水分为研究对象,于2010年8月至2013年6月在吴起县合沟流域阳坡上的定位观测数据,利用自相关检验、Mann-Kendall趋势检验、线性回归等方法,分析研究5种微地形0~160cm各土层土壤水分动态变化特征。结果在检测期间的全年和生长季中,微地形的土壤含水量随深度的增加呈现增大的趋势,其中切沟的土壤含水量相对较高,陡坎最低。各土层的土壤水分存在显著的正自相关性;5种微地形土壤水分在检测期间的变化趋势均不显著,其中塌陷的土壤水分在各土层均有微弱增加的趋势,其他4种微地形的土壤水分在各土层的变化趋势均有增有减;缓台、塌陷、陡坎、切沟和浅沟5种微地形在观测期间的变化速率也有差异,相对而言塌陷的土壤水分变化速率最快。结论综合分析可得,在监测期间,切沟的土壤含水量最高,但塌陷的增长速率较快。
  • 图  1  研究区月平均降水量

    Figure  1.  Average monthly rainfall of study area

    图  2  生长季土壤水分的变化

    Figure  2.  Changes of soil moisture in growing season

    表  1  各监测点基本情况

    Table  1.   Basic situation of each monitoring site

    序号
    No.
    微地形
    Microtopography
    坡向
    Slope aspect
    坡度
    Slope degree/(°)
    海拔
    Altitude/m
    植被盖度
    Vegetation coverage/%
    土地利用类型
    Land use type
    1 缓台Platform 西West 43 1385 70 草地Grassland
    2 塌陷Collapse 西West 43 1399 55 草地Grassland
    3 陡坎Scarp 西West 43 1391 60 草地Grassland
    4 切沟Gully 西West 43 1390 75 草地Grassland
    5 浅沟Shallow gully 西West 30 1 401 65 草地Grassland
    6 原状坡坡面Original slope surface 西West 30 1 405 60 草地Grassland
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同微地形的土壤含水量

    Table  2.   Soil moisture of different microtopography

    %
    微地形Microtopography 0~20cm 20~40cm 40~60cm 60~80cm 80~100cm 100~120cm 120~140cm 140~160cm 0~160cm
    缓台Platform 11.718 12.105 13.876 14.699 14.802 14.328 14.375 14.639 13.827
    塌陷Collapse 14.829 14.279 13.115 12.129 12.941 13.288 14.008 14.711 13.653
    陡坎Scarp 12.044 10.188 10.589 11.490 12.179 12.921 13.732 14.471 12.202
    切沟Gully 13.732 11.877 12.054 16.664 19.609 20.827 22.628 22.762 17.519
    浅沟Shallow gully 14.120 13.705 13.947 15.413 15.112 14.896 15.899 16.203 14.912
    原状坡坡面
    Original slope surface
    14.118 13.980 13.304 13.032 12.942 13.061 13.643 14.275 13.544
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  土壤含水量自相关系数

    Table  3.   Autocorrelation coefficients for the soil moisture content in every monitoring point

    微地形
    Microtopography
    检验
    Test
    土层Soil layer 下限
    Min.
    上限
    Max.
    0~
    20cm
    20~
    40cm
    40~
    60cm
    60~
    80cm
    80~
    100cm
    100~
    120cm
    120~
    140cm
    140~
    160cm
    缓台Platform r1 0.305 0.567 0.596 0.711 0.678 0.500 0.510 0.554 -0.379 0.314
    r1 -0.068 -0.071 -0.010 -0.122 -0.145 -0.181 -0.037 0.141 -0.385 0.318
    塌陷Collapse r1 0.560 0.610 0.635 0.578 0.243 0.287 0.285 0.265 -0.379 0.314
    r1 -0.104 -0.063 -0.095 0.036 0.165 -0.001 -0.008 -0.014 -0.385 0.318
    陡坎Scarp r1 0.358 0.404 0.346 0.511 0.535 0.435 0.336 0.295 -0.379 0.314
    r1 -0.088 -0.060 -0.033 -0.054 -0.036 0.006 -0.026 -0.060 -0.385 0.318
    切沟Gully r1 0.476 0.621 0.431 0.552 0.528 0.442 0.394 0.209 -0.379 0.314
    r1 -0.102 0.024 -0.107 -0.030 -0.080 -0.141 -0.073 -0.065 -0.385 0.318
    浅沟Shallow gully r1 0.562 0.645 0.564 0.543 0.499 0.411 0.477 0.443 -0.379 0.314
    r1 -0.044 -0.166 -0.030 -0.140 -0.020 -0.002 -0.006 -0.130 -0.385 0.318
    原状坡坡面Original slope surface r1 0.694 0.745 0.247 0.437 0.257 0.203 0.188 0.256 -0.379 0.314
    r1 0.089 0.148 0.135 0.072 0.033 0.056 0.033 0.093 -0.385 0.318
    注:r1为序列一阶自相关系数; r1为剔除自相关性后新序列的一阶自相关系数。Notes:r1, first order autocorrelation coefficient of sequence;r1, excluding the first-order autocorrelation coefficient of the new sequence after self-correlation.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2010年8月至2013年6月各监测点土壤含水量的检验结果

    Table  4.   Testing results of soil moisture content in every monitoring point from August, 2010 to June, 2013

    微地形Microtopography 检验Test 土层Soil layer
    0~20cm 20~40cm 40~60cm 60~80cm 80~100cm 100~120cm 120~140cm 140~160cm
    缓台Platform ZS -1.53 -0.51 0.51 -0.03 0.07 0.14 0.44 -0.10
    b -0.060 -0.015 0.014 -0.006 0.002 0.005 0.012 -0.002
    塌陷Collapse ZS 0.78 0.82 1.80 1.29 1.60 1.36 1.70 1.53
    b 0.024 0.028 0.054 0.048 0.082 0.050 0.040 0.028
    陡坎Scarp ZS -1.16 0.17 0.78 -0.17 -0.58 -0.34 -0.03 0.00
    b -0.059 0.020 0.066 -0.007 -0.041 -0.045 -0.001 0.002
    切沟Gully ZS -0.17 -1.16 -0.58 -0.03 0.00 0.17 -0.34 0.78
    b -0.007 -0.058 -0.041 -0.001 0.001 0.020 -0.045 0.066
    浅沟Shallow gully ZS -0.17 -0.48 -0.03 -0.24 -0.05 0.82 -0.24 -0.14
    b -0.007 -0.027 -0.010 -0.014 -0.003 0.021 -0.006 -0.004
    原状坡坡面Original slope surface ZS -0.20 -0.44 0.31 0.03 0.85 1.12 1.53 1.50
    b -0.002 -0.012 0.025 0.001 0.057 0.056 0.075 0.068
    注:ZS表示Mann-Kendall检验结果;b表示线性回归斜率。Notes: ZS, Mann-Kendall test results; b, linear regression slope.
    下载: 导出CSV
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