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光周期对促成栽培芍药生长开花和叶绿素荧光动力学影响

韩婧 吴益 赵琳 艾云苾 刘燕 高荣孚

韩婧, 吴益, 赵琳, 艾云苾, 刘燕, 高荣孚. 光周期对促成栽培芍药生长开花和叶绿素荧光动力学影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(9): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140418
引用本文: 韩婧, 吴益, 赵琳, 艾云苾, 刘燕, 高荣孚. 光周期对促成栽培芍药生长开花和叶绿素荧光动力学影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(9): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140418
HAN Jing, WU Yi, ZHAO Lin, AI Yun-bi, LIU Yan, GAO Rong-fu. Effects of photoperiod on the growth, flowering and chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics of forced Paeonia lactiflora.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(9): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140418
Citation: HAN Jing, WU Yi, ZHAO Lin, AI Yun-bi, LIU Yan, GAO Rong-fu. Effects of photoperiod on the growth, flowering and chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics of forced Paeonia lactiflora.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(9): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140418

光周期对促成栽培芍药生长开花和叶绿素荧光动力学影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140418
基金项目: 

十二五国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAD12B02-01)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    韩婧,博士生。主要研究方向:现代花卉生产栽培技术。Email: hanjing413@bjfu.edu.cn 地址: 100083 北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院。

    责任作者:

    刘燕,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:园林花卉栽培与应用。 Email: chbly@sohu.com 地址:同上。

Effects of photoperiod on the growth, flowering and chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics of forced Paeonia lactiflora.

  • 摘要: 为探讨光周期对促成栽培芍药生长开花和光合机制的影响,给予冬季促成栽培芍药大富贵(DFG)和桃花飞雪(THFX)14 h/d和18 h/d光周期处理,以自然光周期9 h/d为对照(CK)。结果表明:与CK相比,14 h/d光周期对芍药2个品种的生长、叶绿素积累和开花均有利,并促进PSⅡ最大量子效率(Fv/Fm)上升和增强PSⅡ向下游供应电子的能力,使PSⅡ-PSⅠ-碳同化快速达到动态平衡;与CK相比,18 h/d光周期不利于芍药DFG茎伸长,并对其开花有显著抑制作用;18 h/d光周期处理,芍药2个品种电子传递链均在PSⅠ处受阻,同时PSⅠ-碳同化间电子传递平衡被打破;芍药不同品种光合电子传递对光周期响应有差异,DFG整体电子传递活性比THFX高,在14 h/d光周期下,PSⅡ-PSⅠ-碳同化动态变化可更快达到新的动态平衡并保持稳定,对光周期的适应性也比THFX强,这与其生长开花情况表现一致。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-17
  • 刊出日期:  2015-09-30

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