高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

白桦次生林降雨水化学及养分输入特征

刘茜 满秀玲 田野宏

刘茜, 满秀玲, 田野宏. 白桦次生林降雨水化学及养分输入特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(8): 83-89. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150031
引用本文: 刘茜, 满秀玲, 田野宏. 白桦次生林降雨水化学及养分输入特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(8): 83-89. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150031
LIU Xi, MAN Xiu-ling, TIAN Ye-hong. Hydro-chemical and nutrient importing characteristics of precipitation in secondary Betula platyphylla forests in northern Great Xing'an Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(8): 83-89. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150031
Citation: LIU Xi, MAN Xiu-ling, TIAN Ye-hong. Hydro-chemical and nutrient importing characteristics of precipitation in secondary Betula platyphylla forests in northern Great Xing'an Mountains, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(8): 83-89. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150031

白桦次生林降雨水化学及养分输入特征

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150031
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(31170420)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘茜。主要研究方向:森林水文。Email:lx830111318@163.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。

    责任作者:

    满秀玲,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:水土保持与土地荒漠化防治。Email: mannefu@163.com 地址:同上。

Hydro-chemical and nutrient importing characteristics of precipitation in secondary Betula platyphylla forests in northern Great Xing'an Mountains, northeastern China

  • 摘要: 通过对大兴安岭北部白桦次生林林外降雨、穿透雨、树干径流和枯透水进行野外观测、取样及室内水化学测定,研究了白桦次生林降雨养分输入特征。结果表明:大兴安岭漠河地区大气降雨呈中性,pH为7.0,TDS值为19mg/L。在白桦林降雨再分配过程中,pH与TDS均表现为先降低后升高的趋势,最低值都出现在树干径流中,分别为5.3、15mg/L。而pH和TDS的最高值分别出现在大气降雨和枯透水中。阴离子中,F-及SO2-4最高值均出现在树干径流中,其他阴离子浓度则在枯透水中最高,且其中NO-3变化最大,最高、最低相差100.4倍。金属元素中,Na+、Zn2+及Mn元素最高值均出现在树干径流中,其他元素浓度则在枯透水中最高。而最低值几乎均出现于大气降雨(除Ca2+、Cu2+外)中。大气降雨养分输入量为95.414kg/hm2,降雨穿过林冠层后,F-、Cl-、NO-3、Ca2+、Fe元素及Cu2+含量均有不同程度降低,其余元素则有所增加,使林内雨养分总量降为93.557kg/hm2。林内雨穿过枯落物层后,除Na+含量较林内雨降低外,其他元素含量均升高,养分总输入量升高了72.149kg/hm2。与大气降雨输入量相比,枯透水输入量则增加了70.296kg/hm2,其中Cl-、Na+和Cu2+含量低于大气降雨,其他元素则有不同程度增加。最终大气降雨通过白桦次生林后输入土壤养分总量为165.711kg/hm2,其中阴离子输入量为37.823kg/hm2,金属元素输入量为127.888kg/hm2。

     

  • [1] 刘阳,杨新兵,陈波,等.冀北山地山杨桦木林生态系统水化学特征研究[J].生态环境学报,2011,20(11):1665-1669.
    [1] LIU Y, YANG X B, CHEN B, et al. Study on precipitation hydro-chemical characteristic of mixed forest of poplar and birch of north mountain of Hebei Province[J].Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2011,20(11):1665-1669.
    [2] 周梅,余新晓.兴安落叶松原始林区降水化学输入的特征研究[J].中国生态农业学报,2003,11(2):119-121.
    [2] ZHOU M, YU X X . Study of rainfall hydrochemical import characteristics in Larix gmelini virgin forest[J].Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2003,11(2): 119-121.
    [3] 张志祥.树木学(北方本)[M].北京:中国林业出版社,2008:5,195.
    [3] ZHANG Z X. Dendrology[M].Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2008: 5,195.
    [4] GONG H D, WANG K Y, YANG W Q. Nutrient characteristics of throughfall and stemflow in three forests at the subalpine of Western Sichuan[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2005,41(5):14-20.
    [4] 巩合德,王开运,杨万勤.川西亚高山3种森林群落穿透雨和茎流养分特征研究[J].林业科学,2005,41(5):14-20.
    [5] 李文影,满秀玲,张阳武.不同林龄白桦次生林降雨水化学特征研究[J].水土保持学报,2009,23(5):123-127.
    [5] LI W Y, MAN X L, ZHANG Y W . Study on precipitation hydro-chemical characteristic of different stage of Betula platyphylla secondary forest[J].Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009,23(5):123-127.
    [6] 田野宏,满秀玲,刘茜,等.大兴安岭北部白桦次生林降雨再分配特征研究[J]. 水土保持学报,2014,28(3):109-113.
    [6] TIAN Y H, MAN X L, LIU X, et al. Research on rainfall redistribution of Betula platyphylla secondary forests in North of Greater Xing'an Mountains[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014,28(3):109-113.
    [7] LIU X, MAN X L, TIAN Y H,et al. Study on seasonal dynamics of rainfall redistribution metal elements of Betula platyphylla secondary forests in North of Greater Xing'an Mountains[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014,28(5):119-123.
    [7] 刘茜,满秀玲,田野宏,等.大兴安岭北部白桦次生林降雨再分配金属元素季节动态研究[J].水土保持学报,2014,28(5):119-123.
    [8] 闫文德,田大伦.会同第二代杉木林集水区水质生态效应[J].中南林学院学报,2003,23(2):6-10.
    [8] YAN W D, TIAN D L . Ecological effect of the water quality in the second-generation Chinese fir plantation at Huitong Watersheds[J].Journal of Central South Forestry University, 2003,23(2):6-10.
    [9] 杜敏,文仕知,杨丽丽,等.六盘山华北落叶松林降水转化中的阳离子通量变化特征[J].林业科学研究,2013,26(2):133-139.
    [9] DU M, WEN S Z, YANG L L, et al. Variation of cation flux with rain water in a Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation on Liupan Mountains [J]. Forest Research, 2013,26(2):133-139.
    [10] 杨丽丽.六盘山四种典型森林植被的水文过程与主要元素通量[D].北京:中国林业科学研究院,2014.
    [10] YANG L L. The hydrological process and element fluxes of main nutritions in four typical forest vegetation communities of Liupan Mountains of NW China[D].Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry,2014.
    [11] POLKOWSKA Z, ASTEL A, WALNA B, et al. Chemometric analysis of rainwater and throughfall at several sites in Poland[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2004,39(5): 837-855.
    [11] LIU J X, ZHANG D Q,ZHOU G Y, et al. A preliminary study on the chemical properties of precipitation, throughfall, stemflow and surface run-off in major forest types at Dinghushan under acid deposition[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2003,14(8):1223-1228.
    [12] TIAN D L, XIANG W H, YANG W H .Nutrient characteristics of hydrological process in young second rotation Chinese fir plantations[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2002,22(6): 859-865.
    [12] CHIWA M, CROSSLEY A, SHEPPARD L J, et al. Throughfall chemistry and canopy interactions in a Sitka spruce plantation sprayed with six different simulated polluted mist treatments[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2003,127(1):57-64.
    [13] HUANG Z L, KONG G H, YU Q F, et al. Hydrological function and nutrient dynamics in lower subtropical monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest [J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2000,24(2):157-161.
    [13] 刘菊秀,张德强,周国逸,等.鼎湖山酸沉降背景下主要森林类型水化学特征初步研究[J].应用生态学报,2003,14(8):1223-1228.
    [14] 田大伦,项文化,杨晚华.第二代杉木幼林生态系统水化学特征[J].生态学报,2002,22(6):859-865.
    [14] SHENG H C, CAI T J, ZHU D G, et al. Nutrient characteristics of throughfall and stem-flow in virgin forest of Pinus koraiensis [J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2008,22(5):47-51.
    [15] WARDLE D A. Controls of temporal variability of the soil microbial biomass: a global-scale synthesis[J].Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 1998, 30(13):1627-1637.
    [15] LANG Y, CAI T J, CHAI R S, et al. Effects of different types of original Pinus korainensis forest on precipitation hydro-chemical characteristics [J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2012,26(2):184-191.
    [16] 黄忠良,孔国辉,余清发,等.南亚热带季风常绿阔叶林水文功能及其养分动态的研究[J].植物生态学报,2000,24(2):157-161.
    [16] ZHANG N, LIU X Z,LI K, et al. Differential patterns of nutrient elements in rainfall and its redistribution in three typical subtropical forests in south China [J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2011,30(2):193-200.
    [17] 盛后财,蔡体久,朱道光,等.原始红松林穿透雨和树干径流养分特征研究[J].水土保持学报,2008,22(5):47-51.
    [17] HUANG J H,LI H T,HAN X G, et al. Nutrient characteristics of stemflow and throughfall in two coniferous forest ecosystems [J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2000,24(2):248-251.
    [18] ZHANG S L, LI G L . The effects of different components of the forest ecosystem on water quality in the Huoditang Forest Region,Qinling Mountain range[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007,27(5):1838-1844.
    [18] 郎燕,蔡体久,柴汝杉,等.不同类型原始红松林对降雨水化学特征的影响[J].水土保持学报,2012,26(2):184-191.
    [19] 张娜,刘兴诏,李坤,等.南亚热带三种主要森林降雨及其再分配过程中的养分差异规律[J].生态学杂志,2011,30(2):193-200.
    [19] FANG Y T, MO J M,GUNDERSEN P, et al. Nitrogen transformations in forest soils and its responses to atmospheric nitrogen deposition: a review[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2004,24(7):1523-1531.
    [20] 黄健辉,李海涛,韩兴国,等.暖温带两种针叶林生态系统中茎流和穿透雨的养分特征研究[J].植物生态学报,2000,24(2):248-251.
    [21] 张胜利,李光录.秦岭火地塘森林生态系统不同层次的水质效应[J].生态学报,2007,27(5):1838-1844.
    [22] 方运霆,莫江明,Per Gundersen,等.森林土壤氮素转换及其对氮沉降的响应[J].生态学报,2004,24(7):1523-1531.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  869
  • HTML全文浏览量:  156
  • PDF下载量:  9
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-29
  • 修回日期:  2015-01-29
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回