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中俄输油管道工程建设对大兴安岭典型森林生态系统的影响

王竞红 蔡体久 葛树生 刘敬旭 琚存勇 孙晓新

王竞红, 蔡体久, 葛树生, 刘敬旭, 琚存勇, 孙晓新. 中俄输油管道工程建设对大兴安岭典型森林生态系统的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 58-66. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150086
引用本文: 王竞红, 蔡体久, 葛树生, 刘敬旭, 琚存勇, 孙晓新. 中俄输油管道工程建设对大兴安岭典型森林生态系统的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 58-66. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150086
WANG Jing-hong, CAI Ti-jiu, GE Shu-sheng, LIU Jing-xu, QU Cun-yong, SUN Xiao-xin. Effects of Mohe-Daqing oil pipeline project construction on typical forest ecosystems in Daxing'an Mountains.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 58-66. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150086
Citation: WANG Jing-hong, CAI Ti-jiu, GE Shu-sheng, LIU Jing-xu, QU Cun-yong, SUN Xiao-xin. Effects of Mohe-Daqing oil pipeline project construction on typical forest ecosystems in Daxing'an Mountains.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 58-66. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150086

中俄输油管道工程建设对大兴安岭典型森林生态系统的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150086
基金项目: 

中俄原油管道工程漠河—大庆段生态环境监测项目(2013WJS086)、黑龙江省自然科学基金面上项目(C201340)、黑龙江省博士后科研启动金项目(LBH-Q13006)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王竞红,副教授。主要研究方向:园林植物应用。Email:jinglife26@126.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学园林学院。 责任作者: 孙晓新,讲师。主要研究方向:生态系统生态学。Email:sunxxnefu@163.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。

    王竞红,副教授。主要研究方向:园林植物应用。Email:jinglife26@126.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学园林学院。 责任作者: 孙晓新,讲师。主要研究方向:生态系统生态学。Email:sunxxnefu@163.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。

Effects of Mohe-Daqing oil pipeline project construction on typical forest ecosystems in Daxing'an Mountains.

  • 摘要: 中俄输油管道工程漠河—大庆段贯穿大兴安岭地区及松嫩平原区,施工不可避免地会对森林植被和土壤产生影响。本文以大兴安岭典型的兴安杜鹃—白桦林、越桔—兴安落叶松林和胡枝子—樟子松林为对象,研究中俄输油管道工程建设对森林土壤化学性质、生物量和植物多样性的影响。结果显示: 1)输油管道工程建设对土壤pH值没有显著影响(P>0.05),但使土壤全磷量减少(P<0.05),0~10 cm土层全氮量减少(P<0.05),而10~20 cm和20~30 cm土层全氮量增加,兴安杜鹃—白桦林0~10 cm和10~20 cm土层全钾量减少(P<0.05),而越桔—兴安落叶松林和胡枝子—樟子松林土壤全钾量基本没有影响(P>0.05); 2)兴安杜鹃—白桦林中乔木层生物量大幅度下降(P<0.05),灌木和草本层生物量略有增加,但差异不显著(P>0.05),越桔—兴安落叶松林和胡枝子—樟子松林中乔木层和灌木层生物量大幅度下降(P<0.05),而草本层生物量显著增加(P<0.05); 3)输油管道工程建设对森林乔木和灌木物种多样性的影响大于草本植物,越桔—兴安落叶松林灌木层生物多样性变化较小,另外2个类型森林的乔木和灌木生物多样性均有不同程度的降低;胡枝子—樟子松林草本植物多样性略有升高,而另外2个类型略微降低。研究结果表明,施工破坏土壤导致植被恢复困难;土壤结构较差地点的生态系统在受到破坏后,应该考虑施加更多的人为措施来促进植被恢复,否则可能会对输油管线的安全运营造成危害。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-24
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-31

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