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阻燃处理木质壁纸的结构与性能表征

李为义 张求慧 赵广杰

李为义, 张求慧, 赵广杰. 阻燃处理木质壁纸的结构与性能表征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 91-97. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150453
引用本文: 李为义, 张求慧, 赵广杰. 阻燃处理木质壁纸的结构与性能表征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 91-97. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150453
LI Wei-yi, ZHANG Qiu-hui, ZHAO Guang-jie.. Structure and properties characterization of the flame retardant wood wallpaper.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 91-97. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150453
Citation: LI Wei-yi, ZHANG Qiu-hui, ZHAO Guang-jie.. Structure and properties characterization of the flame retardant wood wallpaper.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 91-97. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150453

阻燃处理木质壁纸的结构与性能表征

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150453
基金项目: 

北京市教委共建项目“新型木质复合材料制备技术及应用”、北京林业大学横向开发课题(2015hxkfclxy002)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李为义,博士生。主要研究方向:装饰材料。Email:800001@docoworld.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学材料科学与技术学院。责任作者:张求慧,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:木质复合材料。Email:qhzh66@163.com地址:同上。

    李为义,博士生。主要研究方向:装饰材料。Email:800001@docoworld.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学材料科学与技术学院。责任作者:张求慧,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:木质复合材料。Email:qhzh66@163.com地址:同上。

Structure and properties characterization of the flame retardant wood wallpaper.

  • 摘要: 为了开发新型阻燃木质壁纸,采用复合阻燃剂(组成包括聚磷酸铵、季戊四醇、磷酸胍和纳米有机蒙脱土)对壁纸的面层装饰薄木和底层无纺纸分别进行超声浸渍处理,制成阻燃木质壁纸(FRWW)。采用锥形量热仪、扫描电镜和电子能谱、傅里叶红外光谱分别表征FRWW的阻燃性、表面微观结构和元素种类及含量、化学反应官能团。采用CIE1976(L*a*b*)色空间表色系统对阻燃前后木质壁纸的色差进行表征。结果表明:1)与PVC壁纸相比,FRWW的点燃时间延迟了2倍,热释放速率和有效燃烧热分别减少了8.88%和30.79%,总烟释放量和比消光面积分别减少了28.02%和53.09%,但FRWW的总热释放量、质量损失率及CO释放量与PVC壁纸的相差不大;2)FRWW比PVC壁纸的燃烧增长速率指数降低81.93%、火灾性能指数提高2.17倍,显示出前者具有更好的消防安全性;3)阻燃剂以不规则微米级粒状分布于FRWW表面,元素组成主要为C(31.15%)、O(42.07%)、N(19.77%)、P(5.67%)和其他微量元素;4)FRWW中的阻燃活性官能团(仲氨—NH和P—O—Ar)吸收峰位置在1 042和1 015 cm-1处;5)FRWW的色差值ΔE*ab仅为1.734,表明阻燃处理对木质壁纸的装饰效果影响较小。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-30

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