高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

长白山东北坡长白落叶松-白桦次生林群落结构特征

孙越 夏富才 何怀江 刘宝东 王戈戎 李良

孙越, 夏富才, 何怀江, 刘宝东, 王戈戎, 李良. 长白山东北坡长白落叶松-白桦次生林群落结构特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(12): 28-38. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160088
引用本文: 孙越, 夏富才, 何怀江, 刘宝东, 王戈戎, 李良. 长白山东北坡长白落叶松-白桦次生林群落结构特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(12): 28-38. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160088
SUN Yue, XIA Fu-cai, HE Huai-jiang, LIU Bao-dong, WANG Ge-rong, LI Liang. Community structure features of the larch-birch secondary forest on the northeastern slope of Changbai Mountain, Northeast China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(12): 28-38. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160088
Citation: SUN Yue, XIA Fu-cai, HE Huai-jiang, LIU Bao-dong, WANG Ge-rong, LI Liang. Community structure features of the larch-birch secondary forest on the northeastern slope of Changbai Mountain, Northeast China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(12): 28-38. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160088

长白山东北坡长白落叶松-白桦次生林群落结构特征

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160088
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC01B03)、林业公益性科研行业专项(200904022)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙越。主要研究方向:森林群落和种群生态。Email: wssunyue@163.com 地址:132013 吉林省吉林市丰满区华山路3999号北华大学林学院。
    责任作者: 夏富才,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:森林群落和种群生态。Email: xfc0707@163.com 地址:同上。

    孙越。主要研究方向:森林群落和种群生态。Email: wssunyue@163.com 地址:132013 吉林省吉林市丰满区华山路3999号北华大学林学院。
    责任作者: 夏富才,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:森林群落和种群生态。Email: xfc0707@163.com 地址:同上。

Community structure features of the larch-birch secondary forest on the northeastern slope of Changbai Mountain, Northeast China.

  • 摘要: 长白落叶松-白桦林是由云冷杉林遭到破坏后形成的次生林,为了更好地了解其物种组成和群落结构,于2015年8月在长白山东北坡按照CTFS标准建立了面积为1 hm2(100 m×100 m)的长期监测样地,对样地内所有DBH≥1 cm的木本植物进行挂牌、定位、调查,并应用双相关函数g(r)分析了样地内长白落叶松和白桦2个优势树种不同等级的空间分布。结果表明:该样地共调查到活立木个体1 499株,隶属于9科16属22种,大都属于北温带植物区系类型;样地优势种明显,长白落叶松和白桦是样地的优势种,重要值分别为36.08%和24.75%。样地内物种Margalef丰富度指数R、Shannon-Wiener指数H′、Simpson指数D和Pielou指数Jsw分别为2.87、1.71、0.62和0.56。样地内林下更新良好,所有个体的径级结构呈倒“J”型,8个主要树种的径级结构存在差异,长白落叶松呈倒“J”型,白桦和山杨呈近似正态分布,其余5种(包括花楸、毛山楂、红松、稠李和臭松)呈“L”型。样地内所有物种个体的空间格局呈聚集分布,8个主要树种的空间分布都表现出不同程度的聚集。g(r)函数分析表明,2个优势种空间分布随径级和尺度变化表现出不同的格局类型,长白落叶松随径级增大聚集程度逐渐降低;与小径木和大径木相比,白桦中径木具有更强的聚集程度。

     

  • [1] L L Z, KANG X G, GAN J. Change innaturally spatial pattern of larch plantation in Changbai Mountains[J] . Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2008,36(3):12-15.
    [1] LOREAU M, NAEEM S, INCHAUSTI P, et al. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges[J] . Science, 2001, 294: 804-808.
    [2] 吕林昭, 亢新刚, 甘敬. 长白山落叶松人工林天然化空间格局变化[J] . 东北林业大学学报, 2008,36(3): 12-15.
    [2] SONG H J, YE J, SHI S, et al. Woody plant species composition and community structure in residual fragments of broad-leaved Korean pine mixed forests in Changbai Mountains area[J] . Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2014,25(5):1239-1249.
    [3] 宋厚娟, 叶吉, 师帅, 等.长白山区阔叶红松林残留片段木本植物物种组成与群落结构[J] . 应用生态学报, 2014,25(5): 1239-1249.
    [3] ZHANG C Y, ZHAO X H, ZHAO Y Z. Community structure in different successional stages in north temperate forests of Changbai Mountains, China[J] . Journal of Plant Ecology, 2009,33(6): 1090-1100.
    [4] MA K P. Large scale permanent plots: important platform for long term research on biodiversity in forest ecosystem[J] . Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008,32(2):237.
    [4] HUBBELL S P, FOSTER R. Commonness and rarity in a neotropical forest: implications for tropical tree conservation[M] . Sunderland: Sinauer Press, 1986:205-231.
    [5] LAN G Y, HU Y H, CAO M, et al. Establishment of Xishuangbanna tropical forest dynamics plot: species composition and spatial distribution patterns[J] . Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008,32(2): 287-298.
    [5] 张春雨, 赵秀海, 赵亚洲. 长白山温带森林不同演替阶段群落结构特征[J] . 植物生态学报, 2009,33(6): 1090-1100.
    [6] XU H, LI Y D, LIN M X, et al. Community characteristics of a 60 ha dynamics plot in the tropical montane rain forest in Jianfengling, Hainan Island[J] . Biodiversity Science, 2015,23(2):192-201.
    [6] 马克平. 大型固定样地: 森林生物多样性定位研究的平台[J] . 植物生态学报, 2008, 32(2): 237.
    [7] 兰国玉, 胡跃华, 曹敏, 等. 西双版纳热带森林动态监测样地:树种组成与空间分布格局[J] . 植物生态学报, 2008, 32(2): 287-298.
    [7] ZHU Y, ZHAO G F, ZHANG L W, et al. Community composition and structure of Gutianshan forest dynamic plot in a mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, east China[J] .Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008,32(2):262-273.
    [8] YE W H, CAO H L, HUANG Z L, et al. Community structure of a 20 hm2 lower subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest plot in Dinghushan, China[J] . Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008,32(2): 274-286.
    [8] 许涵, 李意德, 林明献, 等. 海南尖峰岭热带山地雨林60 ha动态监测样地群落结构特征[J] . 生物多样性, 2015,23(2): 192-201.
    [9] 祝燕, 赵谷风, 张俪文, 等. 古田山中亚热带常绿阔叶林动态监测样地:群落组成与结构[J] . 植物生态学报, 2008,32(2): 262-273.
    [9] DING H, YANG Y F, XU H G, et al. Species composition and community structure of the typical evergreen broad-leaved forest in the Wuyi Mountains of Southeastern China[J] . Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2015,35(4):1142-1154.
    [10] 叶万辉, 曹洪麟, 黄忠良, 等. 鼎湖山南亚热带常绿阔叶林20公顷样地群落特征研究[J] . 植物生态学报, 2008,32(2): 274-286.
    [10] LIU H F, LI L, SANG W G. Species composition and community structure of the Donglingshan forest dynamic plot in a warm temperate deciduous broad-leaved secondary forest, China[J] .Biodiversity Science, 2011,19(2):232-242.
    [11] 丁晖, 杨云方, 徐海根, 等. 武夷山典型常绿阔叶林动态监测样地:物种组成与群落结构[J] . 生态学报, 2015,35(4):1142-1154.
    [11] XIA F C, YAO D D, ZHAO X H, et al. Horizontal spatial structure of Korean pine broad-leaved forest in northern slope of Changbai Mountains[J] .Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2009,37(10):5-7.
    [12] KUANG X, XING D L, ZHANG Z C, et al. Species composition and community structure of the spruce-fir forest and larch forest plots on the northern slope of Changbai Mountains, Northeast China[J] .Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2014,25(8):2149-2157.
    [12] 刘海丰, 李亮, 桑卫国. 东灵山暖温带落叶阔叶次生林动态监测样地:物种组成与群落结构[J] . 生物多样性, 2011,19(2): 232-242.
    [13] 夏富才, 姚大地, 赵秀海, 等. 长白山北坡阔叶红松林空间结构[J] . 东北林业大学学报, 2009,37(10): 5-7.
    [13] XU L N, JIN G Z. Species composition and community structure of a typical mixed broad-leaved-Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) forest plot in Liangshui Nature Reserve, Northeast China[J] . Biodiversity Science, 2012, 20(4): 470-481.
    [14] 匡旭, 邢丁亮, 张昭臣, 等. 长白山北坡云冷杉林和落叶松林物种组成与群落结构[J] . 应用生态学报, 2014,25(8): 2149-2157.
    [14] HAO Z Q, ZHANG J, LI B H, et al. Natural secondary poplar-birch forest in Changbai Mountain: species composition and community structure[J] .Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008,32(2):251-261.
    [15] 徐丽娜, 金光泽. 小兴安岭凉水典型阔叶红松林动态监测样地:物种组成与群落结构[J] . 生物多样性, 2012, 20(4): 470-481.
    [15] HAO Z Q, LI B H, ZHANG J, et al. Broad-leaved Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest plot in Changbaishan (CBS): community composition and structure[J] .Journal of Plant Ecology, 2008,32(2): 238-250.
    [16] ZHAO S Q, FANG J Y, ZONG Z J, et al. Composition, structure and species diversity of plant communities along an altitudinal gradient on the northern slope of Mt. Changbai, Northeast China[J] . Biodiversity Science, 2004,12(1):164-173.
    [16] 郝占庆, 张健, 李步杭, 等. 长白山次生杨桦林样地:物种组成与群落结构[J] . 植物生态学报, 2008,32(2): 251-261.
    [17] JIANG P, ZHAO G, YE J, et al. Structure of forest communities on the northern slope of Changbai Mountain and its variation along elevation gradients[J] . Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2003,22(6):28-32.
    [17] 郝占庆, 李步杭, 张健, 等. 长白山阔叶红松林样地(CBS):群落组成与结构[J] . 植物生态学报, 2008,32(2): 238-250.
    [18] 赵淑清, 方精云, 宗占江, 等. 长白山北坡植物群落组成、结构及物种多样性的垂直分布[J] . 生物多样性, 2004,12(1): 164-173.
    [18] HAO Z Q, ZHANG J, LI B H, et.al. Chinese forest biodiversity monitoring network: broad-leaved Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest plot in Changbai Mountain[C] . Changchun:The 7th Conference about National Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, 2006:253-265.
    [19] 姜萍, 赵光, 叶吉, 等. 长白山北坡森林群落结构组成及其海拔变化[J] . 生态学杂志, 2003,22(6): 28-32.
    [19] NI R Q. Studies on the community structure and dynamics of typical coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests in Changbai Mountain region[D] . Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2014.
    [20] ZHENG J M, LUO J C. Structural diversity of broadleaved Korean pine forest in Changbai Mountain[J] .Biodiversity Science, 2003,11(4):295-302.
    [20] 郝占庆, 张健, 李步杭, 等. 中国森林生物多样性监测网络:长白山阔叶红松林样地[C] . 长春:第七届全国生物多样性保护与持续利用研讨会, 2006: 253-265.
    [21] ZHANG J, LI B H, BAI X J, et al. Composition and interannual dynamics of tree seedlings in broad-leaved Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) mixed forest in Changbai Mountain[J] . Biodiversity Science, 2009,17(4): 385-396.
    [21] 倪瑞强. 长白山典型针阔混交林群落结构与动态研究[D] . 北京:北京林业大学, 2014.
    [22] 郑景明, 罗菊春. 长白山阔叶红松林结构多样性的初步研究[J] . 生物多样性, 2003,11(4): 295-302.
    [22] WANG L, ZHANG C Y, ZHAO X H. Spatial pattern of Korean pine broadleaved forests in Changbai Mountains[J] . Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2009,45(5): 54-59.
    [23] XIA F C, ZHAO X H, PAN C F, et al. Stand spatial structure of secondary birch forest in Changbai Mountain[J] .Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2011,31(2):407-412.
    [23] 张健, 李步杭, 白雪娇, 等. 长白山阔叶红松林乔木树种幼苗组成及其年际动态[J] . 生物多样性, 2009,17(4): 385-396.
    [24] JIANG P, YE J, WU G. Woody species composition and biomass of main tree species in a 25 hm2 plot of broad-leaved and Korean pine mixed forests of Changbai Mountain, northeast China[J] . Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2005,27(Suppl.2):112-115.
    [24] 王蕾, 张春雨, 赵秀海. 长白山阔叶红松林的空间分布格局[J] . 林业科学, 2009,45(5): 54-59.
    [25] 夏富才, 赵秀海, 潘春芳, 等. 长白山白桦林空间结构研究[J] . 西北植物学报, 2011,31(2): 407-412.
    [25] ZHANG N, YU G R, ZHAO S D, et al. Carbon budget of ecosystem in Changbai Mountain Natural Reserve[J] . Environmental Science, 2003,24(1): 24-32.
    [26] XIANG W, LEI X D, LIU G, et.al. Individual tree mortality models for semi-natural larch-spruce-fir forests in Jilin Province, northeastern China[J] . Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2008, 30(6): 90-98.
    [26] DAI L, JIA J, YU D, et al. Effects of climate change on biomass carbon sequestration in old-growth forest ecosystems on Changbai Mountain in Northeast China [J] . Forest Ecology Management, 2013, 300(4): 106-116.
    [27] CHEN L Z, BAO X C, LI C G. Community structure feature of major plant types along altitude on norther slope of Changbai Mountain in Jilin Province[J] . Journal of Plant Ecology,1964(2): 207-225.
    [27] 姜萍, 叶吉, 吴钢. 长白山阔叶红松林大样地木本植物组成及主要树种的生物量[J] . 北京林业大学学报, 2005,27(增刊2): 112-115.
    [28] 张娜, 于贵瑞, 赵士洞, 等. 长白山自然保护区生态系统碳平衡研究[J] . 环境科学, 2003,24(1): 24-32.
    [28] HAO Z Q, ZHAO S D, TAO D L. Species diversity and its seasonal dynamics of herbs in a broad-leaved Korean pine forest on the northern slope of the Changbai Mountain[J] . Biodiversity Science, 1994,2(3):125-132.
    [29] ZHU B, WANG X, FANG J, et al. Altitudinal changes in carbon storage of temperate forests on Mt Changbai, Northeast China[J] . Journal of Plant Research, 2010, 123(4): 439-452.
    [29] MA K P, LIU Y M. Measure methods of biological community diversity[J] .Biodiversity Science, 1994, 2(4): 231-239.
    [30] ZHANG C Y, ZHAO X H. Spatial points pattern analysis using random square-quadrats method[J] . Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008,28(7): 3108-3115.
    [30] 向玮, 雷相东, 刘刚, 等. 近天然落叶松云冷杉林单木枯损模型研究[J] . 北京林业大学学报,2008, 30(6): 90-98.
    [31] 陈灵芝, 鲍显诚, 李才贵. 吉林省长白山北坡各垂直带内主要植物群落的某些结构特征[J] . 植物生态学报, 1964(2): 207-225.
    [31] ZHAO L Q, HUANG H G, LIANG D S, et al. Spatial distribution pattern of Picea crassifolia population in Dayekou, Gansu Province[J] . Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2010, 32(4):59-64.
    [32] SHI Y, YU X X, YUE Y J, et.al. Pattern analysis of different populations in natural secondary forest of Betula davurica in mountainous area of Beijing[J] . Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2009, 31(5):35-41.
    [32] 郝占庆, 赵士洞, 陶大立. 长白山北坡阔叶红松林草本植物物种多样性及其季节动态[J] . 生物多样性, 1994,2(3): 125-132.
    [33] ZHANG J T. Analysis of spatial point pattern for plant species[J] .Journal of Plant Ecology, 1988, 22(4):344-349.
    [33] 马克平, 刘玉明. 生物群落多样性的测度方法[J] . 生物多样性, 1994, 2(4): 231-239.
    [34] 张春雨, 赵秀海. 随机区块法在空间点格局分析中的应用[J] . 生态学报, 2008,28(7): 3108-3115.
    [34] WU Z Y, ZHOU Z K, LI D Z, et al. The areal types of the world families of seed plants[J] .Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 2003,25(3):245-257.
    [35] WU Z Y. The areal types of the Chinese genies of seed plants[J] .Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 1991(Suppl. 4):1-139.
    [35] 赵丽琼, 黄华国, 梁大双, 等. 甘肃大野口青海云杉种群的空间分布格局[J] .北京林业大学学报,2010,32(4): 59-64.
    [36] HE H J, ZHANG C Y, ZHAO X H, et al. Associations between community structure and microtopography in mixed broadleaf-conifer forest of Jiaohe, Jilin Province[J] .Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2014,42(5):13-17.
    [36] 史宇,余新晓, 岳永杰, 等. 北京山区黑桦天然次生林不同种群的格局分析[J] . 北京林业大学学报,2009, 31(5):35-41.
    [37] DIGGLE P J. Statistical analysis of spatial point patterns[M] . London: Academic Press, 1983:1-120.
    [38] CONDIT R, ASHTON P S, BAKER P, et.al. Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species[J] . Science, 2000, 288: 1414-1418.
    [39] WIEGAND T, A MOLONEY K. Rings, circles, and null-models for point pattern analysis in ecology[J] . Oikos, 2004, 104(2): 209-229.
    [40] 张金屯. 植物种群空间分布的点格局分析[J] . 植物生态学报, 1998, 22(4): 344-349.
    [41] 吴征镒, 周浙昆, 李德铢, 等. 世界种子植物科的分布区类型系统[J] . 云南植物研究, 2003,25(3): 245-257.
    [42] 吴征镒. 中国种子植物属的分布区类型[J] . 云南植物研究,1991(增刊4): 1-139.
    [43] REBERTUS A J, WILLIAMSON G B, MOSER E B. Fire-induced changes in Quercus laevis spatial pattern in Florida sandhills[J] . Journal of Ecology, 1989,77(3): 638-650.
    [44] 何怀江, 张春雨, 赵秀海, 等. 吉林蛟河次生针阔混交林群落结构与微地形关系[J] . 东北林业大学学报, 2014,42(5): 13-17.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1122
  • HTML全文浏览量:  97
  • PDF下载量:  21
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-21
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回